בדיקה גופנית- מערכת הנשימה

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- . . . midsternal. Anterior axillary. Anterior axillary. Posterior axillary. midclavicular. midaxillary. Scapular line. Vertebral line. . LUL. RUL. RUL. LUL. RUL. RML. LLL. LUL. RLL. RLL. LLL. RML. LLL. RLL. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p> - </p></li><li><p>midsternalmidclavicularAnterior axillaryPosterior axillarymidaxillaryAnterior axillaryVertebral lineScapular line</p></li><li><p> RULRMLRLLLULLLLLULLLLRULRLLRULRLLRMLLULLLL</p></li><li><p> -oblique fissure. - T3 spinous process 6 - - horizintal fissure- 4 - obliqe - midaxillary line 5</p></li><li><p> - , - </p></li><li><p> Pectus excavatumPectus carinatum=pigeon chest</p></li><li><p>- </p></li><li><p> - </p></li><li><p> , </p></li><li><p>Precussion notes and their characteristics</p></li><li><p> DISCONTINUOUS SOUNDS (CRACKLES OR RALES) are intermittent,nonmusical, and brieflike dots in timeFine crackles -are soft, high pitched, and very brief (510 msec).Coarse crackles -are somewhat louder, lower in pitch, and not quite sobrief (2030 msec).CONTINUOUS SOUNDS are &gt; 250 msec, notably longer than crackleslike dashes in timebut do not necessarily persist throughout the respiratory cycle. Unlike crackles, they are musical.Wheezes -are relatively high pitched (around 400 Hz or higher) and have a hissing or shrill quality.Rhonchi are relatively low pitched (around 200 Hz or lower) and have asnoring quality.</p></li><li><p> - Pneumonia, fibrosis, early congestive heart failure, bronchitis, bronchiectasis narrowed airways in asthma, bronciolitis, CF or bronchitissecretion in large airways ? </p></li><li><p>Transmitted Voice Sounds Egophony &amp; Whispered PectoriloquyEgophony: E EAY change.Whispered pectoriloquy: loudered, clearer whispered sounds.Heard through an airless lung (consolidation, lobar pneumonia).</p></li><li><p>***</p></li></ul>

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