被动语态句型转换. contents structures: review the passive voice the present indefinite tense...

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Page 1: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

被动语态句型转换

Page 2: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

ContentsStructures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past Indefinite Tense The Present Perfect Tense 情态动词 + be + 过去分词AimsPractice: Change the Active Voice into the Passive Voice am , is , are + 过去分词 am , is , are + being + 过去分词 will be , shall be + 过去分词 was , were + 过去分词 have , has + been + 过去分词 情态动词 + be + 过去分词

Page 3: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

The Passive voice动词被动语态 : be + 过去分词 ( 及物动词 )被动语态是英语动词的一种特殊形式 . 汉语中往往用 “

被 ” “ 受 ” “ 给 ”等词来表示被动意义 .主动语态变为被动语态的方法 :1 . 主动句中的宾语变成被动句的主语 .2 . 主动句中的谓语动词变成被动句的 be + 过去分词 .3 . 主动句中的主语变成被动句 by 的宾语 , 放在谓语动

词后面 . 如果不强调动作执行者时 , by 短语可省略 . Many people speak English .

English is spoken by many people .

Page 4: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

The Passive Voice

被动语态的各种时态变化 :一般现在时 ( The Present Indefinite Tense ) am , is , are + 过去分词 Children often sing the song . The song is often sung by children .一般过去时 ( The Past Indefinite Tense ) was , were + 过去分词 A PLA man saved him . He was saved by a PLA man .一般将来时 ( The Future Indefinite Tense ) will be , shall be + 过去分词 They will take her to the hospital . She will be taken to the hospital .

Page 5: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

现在进行时 ( The Present Continuous Tense ) am , is , are + being + 过去分词 We are mopping the floor now . The floor is being mopped now .现在完成时 ( The Present Perfect Tense ) have , has + been + 过去分词 The workers have built our school . Our school has been built by the workers .情态动词 ( Modal Verbs ) 情态动词 + be + 过去分词We must clean the classroom every day .The classroom must be cleaned every day .

Page 6: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

The Passive voice 主动语态变成被动语态时要注意以下几点 : 1 . 含有双宾语的主动句变成被动句时 , 可以将其中一个

宾语变为主语 , 另一个不动 . 一般把间接宾语变为主语 .

如 : Mary gave me a pen . I was given a pen by Mary . 如果把直接宾语变为主语 , 则在间接宾语前加 “ to ” 如 : A pen was given to me by Mary .2 . 含有复合宾语的主动句变为被动句时 , 将其中的宾语

变为主语 , 宾补不变 . 如 : We asked him to speak at the meeting . He was asked to speak at the meeting .

Page 7: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

3 . 如果主动句中的谓语是短语动词 , 变为被动句时 , 短语动词的介词或副词不可以丢掉 .

如 : They took good care of the boys .

The boys were taken good care of . 4 . 在 “ let , make , see , hear , notice , watch , feel

” 等动词后面做宾语补足语的动词不定式不带 “ to ” , 但改成被动句时应加上 “ to ” .

如 : The doctor made me stay in bed

for three days .

I was made to stay in bed

for three days by the doctor .

Page 8: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

Change the following sentences into the Passive voice :

1 . People speak English all over the world .

English is spoken all over the world by people .

2 . She washes her hands before lunch .

Her hands are washed before lunch .

3 . Do the young pioneers plant trees every spring .

Are trees planted by the young pioneers every spring .

4 . His uncle doesn’t often play table tennis .

Table tennis isn’t often played by his uncle .

5 . They don’t teach Japanese in our school .

Japanese isn’t taught in our school by them .

6 . Do you keep many books in your library ?

Are many books kept in your library ?

Page 9: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

1 . I borrowed this book from the library last week .

This book was borrowed from the library last week .

2 . The policemen caught three thieves last night .

Three thieves were caught by the policemen last night .

3 . She didn’t see them a moment ago .

They weren’t seen by her a moment ago .

4 . I didn’t buy a dictionary .

A dictionary wasn’t bought by me .

5 . Did you bring a raincoat ?

Was a raincoat brought by you ?

6 . Did he give a piano concert ?

Was a piano concert given by him ?

Page 10: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

1 . He will study English well .

English will be studied well by him .

2 . Will you clean your classroom ?

Will your classroom be cleaned by you ?

3 . I won’t write to my grandpa this evening .

My grandpa won’t be written to this evening by me .

4 . The nurse will take care of the children .

The children will be taken care of by the nurse .

5 . Will he take his sister to the park ?

Will his sister be taken to the park by him ?

6 . He won’t show us around the school .

We won’t be showed around the school by him .

Page 11: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

1 . The boy is wearing a new coat .

A new coat is being worn by the boy .

2 . The girls are making model ships .

Model ships are being made by the girls .

3 . He is looking for the lost key .

The lost key is being looked for by him .

4 . They are making this kind of recorder in Beijing .

This kind of recorder is being made in Beijing .

5 . The peasants are planting crops in the fields .

Crops are being planted in the fields by the peasants .

Page 12: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

1 . I have borrowed the new magazine from my friend ,

The new magazine has been borrowed from my friend .

2 . The workers have set up many tall buildings

here recently .

Many tall buildings have been set up here recently

by the workers .

3 . He has already done the exercises .

The exercises have already been done by him .

4 . My classmates have put on the play .

The play has been put on by my classmates .

5 . I have repaired the TV set .

The TV set has been repaired by me .

Page 13: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

1 . The students gave the foreigners a warm welcome . The foreigners were given a warm welcome . A warm welcome was given to the foreigners .2 . The teacher is going to tell us a story tomorrow . We are going to be told a story by the teacher tomorrow . A story is going to be told to us by the teacher tomorrow .3 . Their teacher has taught them an American song . They have taught an American song by their teacher . An America song has been taught to them by their teacher .4 . The soldier gave us a report . we were given a report by the soldier . A report was given to us by the soldier .5 . He tells us a story every evening . We are told a story by him every evening . A story is told to us by him every evening .

Page 14: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past

1 . We must take care of the books in the library .

The books must be taken care of in the library .

2 . I can finish the work before eight .

The work can be finished before eight .

3 . They may do the exercises this evening .

The exercises may be done this evening .

4 . You may find this kind of trees everywhere .

This kind of trees may be found everywhere .

5 . You can’t see the stars in the daytime .

The stars can’t be seen in the daytime .

6 . Must we hand in our composition tomorrow ?

Must our composition be handed in tomorrow ?

7 . Can he speak German ?

Can German be spoken by him ?

Page 15: 被动语态句型转换. Contents Structures: Review the Passive Voice The Present Indefinite Tense The Present Continuous Tense The Future Indefinite Tense The Past