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2008 2008

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www.aipet.kz www.aipet.kz

. 74108 74108

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: 050013, . , , : 050013, . , . , . 126, 126, 326, 326, .: 8(727) 2784536, 2925048.: 8(727)8(727) 2925057 E-mail: [email protected] ( : 2925057 E-mail: [email protected] ( .: 8(727) 2784536, 2925048. ) ) . . . . . . . . 4.

.

08.09.2008 . 08.09.2008 . 2 80 80 / 2. / . . 350 350 . .

01.10.2008 . 01.10.2008 . 4. . . . . . . 15,75. 15,75. , , .

9040- 9040- . . .

. , , 2008 .2008 .

. ,

. .,

. .

,115. ,115.

___________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________

1(1)4

2008

___________________________________________________________________

! , - , , , , . . . , , . . , . , , , , , . , . , , , . , . , .

, .

1 2008

.. : ............................................5 .. ..............................................14 .., .. 10 ............................20 .. ...............................23 .., .., .., .., .. ..........28 .., .., .. ...............................34 .. ...............................41 .., .., .. ............................................48 .. , ...............53 .. ...................63 .., .. ..................................................73 .., .. 6-10 ......................................773

1 2008

.. -4-0-1 ...........................86 .., . ....................................95 .., .. GSM ...............................................99 , .., .. ............................102 .. . ...................107 , - .., .., .., ., .. ......................112 .., .., .., .., .. .....................................117 . . - ............................................124 .................................................130 .........................................131

4

378. 662 (574)

: .., , , . , - , , - - . , - , , - - . This article deals with the higher education establishment structure, the equipment base, organization of education process, main results of methodical and scientic research work, as well as prospects of institute development. () , 10 1997 43 . 1960 ( . ..). 1975 (). - , , , - . 80- , , .

, - . 3- . , , , - , - 5

, , - , , , - , (, , , , ), 21 , ( - ), - . 320 40 . 40%. 34 ( , , ), .. 6 (; ; , ; ; ; ). , . - . - 4700 ( 1.03.2008 ), .. 3800, 850, - 30, 19.6

2008 . , , , , . (4 5 ). 1,5 . . - 2 , , , - / - .

- 2006 , . . - 300 , , , , .. . -

, - , , , , . , , . , -, , 600 . ( 140 1 ) , 8 470 , .. , , 2000 . Pentium ( ), 800 2/, , : . 250 , - , .

. , 2- , . , . , , , , , ( , , , ), ( ) . 16 . . , ( ) . ( ) , : , , ? , , , . , 35 150%, , 7

, . , . () 2- : 2006 98,4%, 76,01 ( 125), 2007 99,6%, 82,56, 2008 99,54%, 75,5. . 30 . - 2008 632 5- 265 42%, 742 4- 289 39%. , 90% 71% . 78% , , 47% . : 67% 41,5% . 200 - 100- 10 .

- 21,5 .2, 19,7 .2 1245 -, . . 2 , 4 , , , , 7002 , -, , , , , 250 , 40002. , ( ), , , . 200 - , : , , , , -, , , , , , .

8

. 21 60 , 30 , .. 3- , - INTERNET 6 365 , 3 - , 3 412 . - ( 1): DEGEM Systems (), Goodwill - Labview (National Instruments, ); HICOM SDH (SIEMENS); I8XC196KC (INTEL) TMS320C50 (Texas Instruments); Oldham () (); ISDN SI-2000 ATC-320 (Iskratel, ), TDA-200 (Panasonic), IP-; , , , ; (Behringer, ); AIR-BR350 (CISCO) ; , INTELSAT, Express HotSird ( 500 ); (VHS, vido8) (miniDV) -

(SONY, Panasonic), MIRO DC30; (Kenwood); ( CISCO) ; NI ELVIS (National Instruments Educational Labortory Virtual Instrumentation Suite); I8XC196KC (INTEL) TMS320C50 (Texas Instruments); Windows 2003 Server, Linux, Windows XP Pro (2 ); : Delphi, Visual Basic, NET, C++, C#; (MS Exchange, Lotus Notes); CISCO (Fundamentals of Network Security (FNS), Firewall, VPN); CISCO ( CISCO 1721, 2610 Catalyst 2950); Wi-Fi ( Logynet); MSDN AA ( Microsoft); , , ; , (Microsoft Visual Basic, Visual FoxPro, Delphi, VisSim, MathCad, MatLab, AutoCad, Electroniks, Workbench); - , 9

1 10

, ; ; VOSSLOH SCHWABE GMBH; - TUR () ; ; SIEMENS. , , , , .

, - - - , , . 5060 100 130 .., 400 .. ( ). KEGOC, , , , , ,

, , . ( KEGOC); ; - , ; - ( ); , ; - ; - ; . , , , 11

KEGOC, -, , , . . , , 200 , , , , , .

350 7 .2. . 2003 CISCO, IT- : (IT Fundamentals), (NA Cisco Certied Network Associate - CISCO ), (Fundamentals of Network Security), (Fundamentals of Wireless LANs), IP- Java . CISCO , , . 16 CISCO. IT CISCO 12

12 . CISCO. 2008 CISCO (, , , , ). , . . , . , 2000 () (), . , - . 100 .. 6 ., 1240

, . INCO516 761 Gayhyn - : . . , , , , . . , . , ., .

: , , , ( ), . ( 100) , , : BG Kazakhstan, British Petroleum, Exxon Mobil Kazakhstan inc, Amoco, Agip KCO, HSBCKazakhstan, KPO, ShevronMunaiGas, Tengizchevroil . . , , , .. ( ), , , PhD- . , , , , , .

13

378.1:34

.., , - , . 2007 - . 2007 - . The 2007 Law of the Republic Kazakhstan On Education demands updating concerning postgraduate education and clear division of a prole and scientic and pedagogical magistracy. 2007 , , , . 1999 , . , 2007 . . , , , , . , .14

, , : 1. - ; 2. . , , . : ;

: - ; (PhD) . . , PhD. . , , , , , : . , - , . , . , 2008 ( ) . : - - ; () .

. . 2008 . , , , . (). ( ) . , . , , . , , . , /1/. . 15

, . , 0,5-2 /2/. , . ( , , , ) . , . , , , (.. ). , .. . 16

: 1. , . 2. : - ; . 3. - . . 2007 , - , . , 30-60 . , . -

. , (, , ). , , . : . ? , , , . (, , ) , . . , : , , .. . : , . , , -, . . ,

- ( ), . , , , . ( 1) : 2) , , - , - , . . , , . , . , , . : - , , .17

, . , 36, . () 2 3, , 36 - . 36. . 36. 1. . 2. : - ; () . 18

. 3. , , : 1) - ; 2) . 4. (PhD) . 5. , . . . 6. , , . 1 2 22 :

22. 1 : 1) () ; 2) - ; 3) - . 2. , , , - - ( ).

, 2007 , , , , . , , .

.. . , 2007, 155. .. . , 2003, 183.

19

37.018.46

10 .., , , , . . .., , . , , . . . . The article present the results of experience made by deans ofce of the correspondence course and retraining of specialists faculty of non-prot joint-stock company Almaty Institute of Power Engineering and Telecommunication in conducting republican and international advancement courses for specialists of industrial enterprises of Kazakhstan in ower ngineering and elecommunication. () 1999 . . ., (). ; ; 20

. : , - ( 120 ) , CD - .

KEGOC, , , . , ( , . ..). , , . , , , , 30%, 70% (). , . 3-4 1999 . 2000 . 2001 . 2002 . 2003 . 2004 . 2005 . 2006 . 2007 . - . . 1 4 7 24 8 25 7 24 7 21 8 21 6 20 9 22 11 20

. , . , . , , . 34 ( , , ). 2008 KEGOC .- . . 5 65 70 69 279 348 126 310 436 54 278 332 92 303 395 46 266 312 58 280 338 100 323 423 109 300 409

5 31 33 31 28 29 26 31 31

, , . , . ,

, , . , 21

- . . . 2003-2004 , , (12 ). , . 2002-2004 - , 100 . , .

, : Cisco, D- Link . , ( . ..). , . , , . , . , , - .

22

620.9.001

.., , , . 5-7% . , , , . 5-7%. , , , - . The economic growth in Kazakhstan is accompanied by annual increasing of power consumption by 5-7 %. Putting new power plants into operation, developing electric and heating systems, effective utilization of existing power engineering enterprises, training highly qualied specialists as well as scientic and technological support of power engineering are essential conditions of providing power safety of the country. (5-7% ). , 2015 100 . /. 76,43 . /. 2007 . - 31 2007 147- 2007-2015 . 2015 , , ( ) , . 2015 23

, , , . . , , , , - . . , , () 25 1 /., . - 5, 5 . , , , , . , ( 70%), - , 15- , 70 . . 2008 - 392 / , 400 . , , 24

. , - 50%+1 (, ). ( -2, , -1, 2, -3 .) 2015 21 . . 2008 , . .. ., 39,8 . , 11,8 .. . ( , ) . , , , . . , / , .. . , () ( 50 / 1 -

), . , . , - . (, , .). ( ) 3050%, 5-7 . , , , , , , . , , ! , ! . (, , ( 50) , ( 300 .) (550) , (1150 ) , -

. , 2007 18,5%. - . , : 2004 398 906 , , 2005 340 500, 2006 300 400, 2007 280 320 ( 90- 3000 ). , ( ), . , . , . , : , , , , , , , , 25

, , , , . , , . . 337 () : , , , , ?, 111 33%, - 153 45,5% - 73 21,5%. : 1,5 ? : . - 62 18,5%, - 106 31,5%, - 20 6%, - 149 44% ( 2008 750 , 337 (45%) ). (4 5 ). , - . 26

(1,5 ) , (.. ). , . , , , 1 2008 , , 1250 , (!) . .. . , , , -, - . , , , ,

. , , , . , -. . , ( ) . , 5-7 , , - . , , , , , . - - .

. . 20% 2010 . 2006-2010 4,675 . , 26-30 . 2003-2005 120 .... , , , . 2-4 , . , . - . , , , , , . .

27

621.175.3.001

-3 , . . . , , - , . - , . , . - , . . . . . Experience of application of alternative reagents of correctional processing boiler and feed water drum-boiler unit is considered. The analysis of the received results in comparison with a traditional mode is carried out. /1/. , , . , - , . 28

, , , . - , : , , , -

. . , , , , . , - , , . , . , , , , , - , , .

, . (550-6000) , , , , . 14.10.03 . - -3 -- , . - , -3, . . -

1 - 29

. , . 1. . - , /2/, . , , . , , .

8 - 10 / 6 /. - 2 4 /. 10 20 -/. 3 25 /, 25 50 /. 70 /, 60 /. 8,5 8,7. . 07.09.07 .

2 .130

50 100 / . 2 .1. , 8,91 9,07

8,8. , , . , 3.

31

1 11 /. , 8 /, . , 4. , /3/, . , , 2 3 /, 1,25 1,87 % 160 /. 2007 . 0,0463 /2 -

. 1, 11, 18, 18, 0,0216 /2 . 2, 7, 1, 12. 2007 ., , 0,0382 0,025 /2 ( 0,0132 /2), 0,0238 0,012 /2 ( 0,0118 /2). 5 . , , , : ; , ; .

5 - .

32

- -3 0,0132 /2 0,0118 /2 . , - . , - . -

-3 - . .., .., .. .- .: , 1990-251 . .. , .. , .. , .. . - .: , 1980. 319 . . 1 , 2002 222 .

33

697.331

. .. , . ,. . . . , , , . . , . The new principle of calculation and linear electric modeling of hydraulic modes of the centralized heating supply systems, suitable for verifying and projects calculations is offered.

[1,2]. , , Re ( ). , V Vmin (1) H0 S0V2. - 34

S 1. , , , . 2 k , k k+1 . k+1 Vj,o (j = 1,2...k) Vj,1 (j = 1,2...k + 1). k :

1 ) ) Vj,0 , Vj+1,1 Vj,1 . : ) (3) , S j+1,2 S j,2 , (2) (4) S j+1 (1) - : Sj,i, Vj,i - i j (5) , . (6) , , (7) [3]: ) (1), (5) (3) Vj,0, Vj+1,1 (4) (6) (7). V11 .. - (2) - , . - 2. (2), (6), (7) . (2) j = 1 V11. - : 35

,

(12) . k : (5) (1), (2) (2), (6), (7). (8) (2), (6), (7) , .. .. Vk+1 = Vk+1,1 Sk+1 = , j k (3), (4) , (9) . , - . (4), (9) , : Sj+1,0 - Vj,h, Vj,0 , . . (13) : Vj,0 , (10) H- , , j, j+1 , Sj+1,1 = Sj+1,3, .. (4), (8) (10) . j : (14)

Sj,1 . , (11) Hj - , (2): . (15)36

Vj,h . 3. .

, 1. 2. : (16) (17)

2 ,

(20) (21) (17), (20) (21) , R0, Rj,0, Rj,1 Rj,3. , , , . , 37

, k (18) j (19)

: , (22) , 1. , ,b. (3), c . (22) (18),. , (2), : [4,5]. (23) 1. , S (17) R , , R=aS. , - ( ) . 2. (24) (26) (2),

, (26) (25) R j,0 , - R (.2), (24) - , (25) (2), (27) 2 . (23), (24), (25) (28) : (), Sj12 (3). . (29) 38

1- ,

39

1 Rj,1 Rj,3 - 0,0001 (0,016%) R , 0,7 (0,1%), .

:(30) , , , Rj,1 Sj,1 (22), (24). , , , , Vn, 1 n 2. 1 , 1, ( , ): 1. (2), (6), (7). , . 2. .

1. .. , .-., , 1963, 256 . 2. .. , ., . , 1972, 287 . 3. .. , .: , 1964, 180 . 4. .. S1,1 = S1,3 = 205; S2,1 = S2,3 = 215; S3,1 = S3,3 = 232; S5,1 = S5,3 = 246; . . 2-, .: , 1986, 336 . S6,1 = S6,1 = 210; S1,0 = 1900; S2,0 = 1500; S3,0 = 5. .., .. 1600; S4,0 = 1800; S5,0 = 1700; S6,0 = 1600. , H0 = 3785,6; S0 = 95. , KZ (A) 12041, . G 06 G 7/50, 2002.

40

636:631.3:621.3

. . , , , . . . . . The Analysis of energy supply in different regions of Kazakhstan were made in this article. The Possibility of using Renewable sources of energy were considered and the current affairs of their introduction were showed. (), . , , , , 6-7 . / . (0,5% , 30 . ) . , (, , , , - -) , ( 2 /. , 5 ). , ( ) , . . 18,5 . 15,42 , 87% 41

, 12%, 1%. (. - ) 70 . (3 5,95/.). 3,4 . . . 1

2007 76,3 /. , . , 1990 (87,38 . /) 2010. 1.

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2010 2015 , ./ 62,10 63,95 67,50 71,92 76,5 83,00 97,00

(76 372,7) (76 467) 2007 95 . /. (25 ) . , 18,5 , 14 , . 2010 . 2015 . 3265 3584 . 2300-2550 . 2 , . / , . /. -, ./ , ./42

: (, -, ), , . 1035 , , , . (, - ) 0,84 . /. 1300 . , .2005 12,5 7,75 3,5 1,25 2010 14,7 7,7 7,0 0,0 2015 17,0 8,35 7 1,67

(, , - ) (. 2). 500 - ( 2009 ). , 2015 . , . 730 , , . , - . , , . 2015 . : 250 , 50 . . , , 2011 2015 ( ) 7,8% (191 .) (2453 .) 2030 . , , 2015 . , . , .

, , . , 360 . , (25-50%) . 5 //, . , 2,7 . 2 . , 5 , . 2024 : - 0,05 % 2012 , 5 % 2018 , 10 % 2024 ; - 2009 0,065 . ,43

2012 0,165 . . ., 2018 0,325 . . ., 2024 0,688 . . . 2030 1,139 . . .; - ( ) 3000 10 . / 2024 . 163 . / , 62 . /. 27 . /, 8 . / (5% ). 96 . /, 10 . /. . , , ( , , ..) . 2 . /. . , , , , , . 1820 . /. 44

. 80-85 % 3 5,0 /, 2-3 % - 5 /. 45 /. , 7 9 / 5 9 /. 100 (17 000 //2, 1000 3 . ), 3 700 //2 ( ), - 4 300 //2 ( ), 4 000 //2 ( ) . , 2009 - 5 . , . 2030 , 09.04.1999 384, (): - 40 ; - 140 ; - 140 ; - 140 ; - 20 ; - 20 ; - 20 . 520

1,8-2 . /. 500 . . , , , , , , . . - 22003000 , 1000-1200 /2, 100 - 120 /2. , , , 320 2 , 10% 10000, 5000 /. , ( ) . , , . , , -

, . , . 800 000 15 . 70 % . . , . , , 160 100 20 . . 100, 20 , 10 . , , . , . . , , , 2 , 515% . . , 22,1 . , 8,6 . 3 . 45

17,7 . , 1415 . , 12,4 . . . 35 . / 44 . . , , 0,0250,075 /, 0,10,15 /. , , , (, ). . , ( , , , , ..) , . , , 1 , 3 6 . 90 . - . 2020 75%. 1 . 37% . 50% . 46

3 . . 300 - 0,1% . 30 . , . , 1 100 . 300 . . . , - The Empire State Building. : - ( ): - 873 600 ; - 58 968 ; - 1 016 640 ; - 1 : - 9 187 ; - 510 ; - 12 231 ; - : - 3,3 ; - 2,7 . (. -). Innovations & Technologies ( I&T), , -

FHP Manufacturing. , . , , , , . . , 7 - 9 /, 8-10 /. 2,5 / , - 3-3,5 /.

, , , . , : - ; - - ; - , , , - , ; - (, ) ; - , ; - - - ; - , - , , - .

47

551.556.3

..-. , , . . .-. , , . , . .., , , . . . . . The recommendation on use of energy of wind and sun energy in separate regions of Kazakhstan Republic has been suggested. For vicinities of concrete settlement an opportunity of reception of the electric power with the help of wind power installations nd solar power installations has been calculated. , , , . , , , , . 48

. , , , . , . () ()

. , , , . , . -

(44), (47), (49), (45), (51), (52) . (), (/) . , , .

1 ()

, - . , - , , , . 2 (/)

2 , , , . -

/1/. :(1)

ss - ();49

hn- (). /2/, (1) , 65 . (1) :(2)

(4)

n - , 1 . I XII . n I XII : n17 198 , -20,9 21,2 47 228 -13 13,5 75 105 135 258 288 318 -2,4 9,4 18,8 2,2 -9,6 -18,9 162 344 23,1 -23.

= 0, (2) (3)

- ; 3 - , : (1). 3 (/2)

, dk = 6 , dk - , 4.

50

4 , ( )

, , 5. 5 , ( /2)

51

1 ( W1 W2 8 2, ~20%).

1 , 1000 /, , , - , . . , . , , , . , , . , , , .

, .

1. .. . .: , 1968, 323 . 2. .., .. . / . .. . : , 2002, 280 .

52

621. 548

, , ..., , , . , . , , . . , , . There have been analyzed energy characteristics of wind-energy propeller aggregate on the base of wind features as energy carrier. There have been elaborated new conception of module wind energy device with vertical axial windy turbine, estimated its advantages, showed development prospective of wind energy in Kazakhstan and world tendency.

. , . , , , , , -

. , , . , , , 9 / 4 ( 15 60 ) 16 . : 80- 100-200 , 80- - 90- 53

300 - 400 . 600 4500 . 6 7,5 . , 90 126 , , 90 120.

.

, 900 1000 \ 60 40 \ . .

1 - , 2000 , , - , - , 2. .

254

, , , , , . 30 35%, . , , 10 22%. , , . , , 35450, 22%, 7 -8% ; 1996-2004 17,9%. , , , , 4,8%. , 4,5-6%. , , .

. . , . N, (1) - , - , - , g - . . , 4,7 / 14 / 26 . . \ \ , 10 , , , .3. . , , . 90? 0. , 55

3 - () () () Cs, 1 0, - , z, / (2) F . z Cos , , . . 56

, , . , , , , , , . . , , . - -

. - . - B-B

, . - , 4.

A-A A A

B

B

.4

4 - - () , . . - Cs z (2) 1, . : - ; - , , ; - , , ; - ; - ;57

- , , 5 6 . ; - , ; - , , ; - - 6 - : 6 , , 15 . .

7 1,5 2 . , , .8, , 40%.

5 - - 2 1, 2, 4, 5, 15 20 , 58

8 - () () 40 42 \; . 1; 2; 5; 20 , , .

. 1820 . . . 10% 6/ , .

9 5-7/., . 59

, . - , , , , - . : ) ; ) , ; ) ; ) ; ) - . , , , , , , . 60

: , , , . . 360 .. , (25-50%) , . , . 250 . 180000 , (90% ) . . , - . - . , 150 170 , , 2015 2017 .

. , , , , , , , , , , , . - , 2015 2024 : , , , , , . :

- - , , - , , .

80 . () 95 000 , 1,5% . , 20-30% . 43 . , , , . , 2013 170000 - 180000 . . - , . , , , , .61

- , . , - .

1. .. , . 5 -

, , , 2006, .142- 144. 2. .., .., .. . 5 , , , 3.. .. .. . 050718 - , , 2007, 39. 4. , 2008.

62

621.3.031

, ..., , , . . , . , . . . , . Electric-technological process of absorbent carbon getting of wide spectrum using from farm wastes and equipment for its production in automatical regime was developped in laboratory conditions. At the same time they gather collection of developped hydrocarbon gases as essential raw material for chemical processing and biofuel getting. There was studied features and structure of absorbent carbon, showed economic prospective of the technology. , , . , , , , -, , . , , , 350000 840000 , . . . , , , , , , .63

. 1,5 . , , , , , , , . . , , , , . . , . , . 850-1000 . , , , , , . 64

. , . . , , . , , . , , , . , , , , , ,

30 : - , (Hg, Pb, Cd, Cr .); - , , - , ; - , ; - ; - ; - (S, SO2, HCL HF .); - ; - (). : 1. , . 2. , . 3. . 4. , .

1. , , 50 60% 50 - 80 \. , . . , , , , , .

1 -

2 - , 65

, - . , , , , , . , , , . . , . . , . . , , ,66

, , - . . . -101, . 3 . 100 180. . 300 400 , - , , . 500 . 700 750 . , . , . - - , . , -

3 -

4 - . . 40, 100, 140, 180 220 . , (220), 3236, 6578, 118134 165171. , , , . 67

, . . .. 20, . , . . . , , 380, 220, , . 220

QF1 . , , , . 1. 1. LG-smw-20 PB. 1, = 10. . , , . 1 2 2, 3, 4. , 2, 3, 4. 220. 5 5.

V

5 - 68

70 60 50 40 30 20 10

I, A

0 0:07:01

0:08:01

0:09:02

0:10:02

0:11:03

0:12:03

0:13:04

6 - . 250 200 150 100 50 0 0:07:12

U, B

0:08:12

0:09:13

0:10:13

0:11:14

0:12:14

7 - . . 12 220. , 53. , 08.21 140. 50, 120. 50. , .

69

8 -

9 - , , ( ) .

) ) 10 - , 70

200 m

(.10), . . - . , , (.14.). , , . - , 158,4 . 125,14 . 16 . 175000 .

. , . , , . . .

1. .. , 2 (10) 2003. 166 -172. 2. .., .., .., .. . 14189, . 0137/08(7). . 4, 2004. 3. .., .., .. . 14190 2002/1233, . 4, 2004. 4. .., .., .. 71

. , ,

// . - (, ) , , 2000, . 164-167. 5. .. ., ., ., .,

.. . 5 , , , , 2006, .286 288.

72

621.313

. ., , . , . . , . . . This article contains comparisons of the usage of varied transistorized power elements in transformers of frequency from the effectivity and economical point of view. 90- 20- () , . () () . () , , ( , - ) , , . , , . ( 1) , .. () . , , .

73

1 - . Allen Bradley, , , , shootthrough ( ). , 2. , , , , , , , 4- 4- .

2 - . - : . (1) , , : .74

(.. ... * - - ). (1) , : (2) ; - 20 12 , ( - ), - 10 6- . , , , , RC-, , . , , . . , , 60. (2) :

(3) - -

. :

(4) , :

(6) , (5) , : (5) , (7) (4).

75

.., , , . :

, , . (8) , . 3. , , , . - . (SRT-), 3 - . .

: , , , .

:1. .., .., .., .. . , 7, - 2004. 47-52.

76

621.313

6-10 , . .., , ZHERSU, . 6-10 . . 6-10 . . Results of installation and operation of high-resistance resistive grounding of a neutral in city cable networks 6-10 of Kazakhstan are stated. Efciency of restriction arc and resonant overvoltage is certain at various ways of adjustment reactors.

(). 6-10 (). ( 2 ) 6-10 35 /1/. 6-10 , (), . ,

, . , : Xn / Rn > 50...100. (), 6-10 , (2 ), . (). 77

6-10 , , , . . . (, ), ( ) 6-10 .

1 6-10 : 110-220,6-10 ( , .. - uk, - , ..); C0, Cm , 6-10 . , D, (, ), ; Lp, Rp, Rn , , . RAST ( -), Triada. RAST -

6-10 . /2-4/, 6-10 . , - 80- 90- 6-10 . , .. (-1-3 .), , . , 6-10 110-220/6-10 , 1, L,R ( 110-220/6-10 ).

78

, (- ), .. , , , . . , , , : U.; n., ; ; t. , , (D) , . - . U. U.., , U.. 10 . -480/10 1 1

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100% , X=100 . 79

2 - (=90 110%)

, , , 10% . ,

, IR = U / Rn. I = IR , .

3 - 10 - Rn = 1300 .80

, (= 100 100%; = 90 110%; = 125 80%) , , 4. , -

U, . , Rn=1100 (6 ) Rn=1600 (10 ) ( 0,01 .) - U. m. < 2,3 U.max)2.

4 () 6-10 / . 6-10 , , 10-20 , 6-10/0,4 400 1000 . . 2

6-10 . , , , 6-10/0,4 , , 6-10/0,4 .. .

U...= 2U.= 3,5 U , , - U.. = 1,5U.+ 1000 = 2,9 U . 81

6-10/0,4 250-1000 1,5 , 30-40% . . , , (2 ) . 5 6 -10, 10 . 5 , 80% (=125 ) -480/10 ( .=100 ). , -

-10 , .. 2. ( 2000 - 20 .) . , , ( 6). , Rn=1300 , .

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82

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7 - -610/0,4

. Un , U n x.x. () :

, , , (Rn 0,2-0,3 ) : Un = q * Un x.x. = (2-3) * 0,075 = (0,150,235)U.., q = X /(R+Rn) = 2-3 . , 6-10 , : - ( 30% ) , ; - , , , .

Yaa Ybb Ycc.

- , . (100% ) k q = Xn/Rn = 50 ...100 , =1 (, , ..) , .. =1 :

:

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84

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85

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-4-0-1 .., , - , . -40-1 , , . , -4-0-1 . Investigation and optimization of electric, thermal and technologic regime of corundum refractory materials arc melting furnace --4-01complected with transformer high power. -2126, -2130, -4 6. -4-0-1, , , /1/. -4-0-1 /2,3/, : - - (4 ) ; - 86

; - , , , , .. (, .); - - - , . , , , , .

, , . -4-1. , -4-0-1 : 1) -4-0-1 ; 2) -4-0-1 ; 3) 4-0-1 ; 4) -4-0-1; 5) , -4-0-1 ; 6) -4-0-1. -4-1 , . -4 , , /3/.

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1 - -4-0-140 ,% 30 10 20 5 10 15

0 18 32 53 73 t, 89

0 18 32 53 73 t, 89

2 - () ()88

. 11,6% 9,3%, ; 5- 7- 4,3% . , (, , , ) , . , . , ( 3). , 6 U=270 U=318 I=12103 (1450 1455) (1510 1525), 234 (1285 1300). 5 U= 281, I=7103 (1340 1355) . , . 4. .

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- , 4-0-1 /7/ ( 3).

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92

- , , , .

6 -

1. , --0-1 8 -12500/10. 2. , --0-1,

. 3. , -4-01 , .

1. .., .., .. . . - .: , 1988. -232 . 2. .., .. 93

4-0-1 / : 4-8 , 1994, - .69. 3. .., .. -4-01 / 3- , - : , -2002. .150-154 4. .. -4 / - - : 1997. .361-364. 5. .. / - -

. 15-16 2001. - .52-55 6. .., .., .. /. - , . - .4. : 2000. .167-169. 7. .., .. /. - - 2225 , - : 2005. 2005., .58.

94

621.396

- .., , , . - , . . , . , , . , , . In clause the opportunities of application of technologies of measurement of parameters of radio relay communication systems for measurement of good quality of terrestrial stations of satellite communication with small diameters of aerials are considered which have received a wide circulation recently. As a result of researches it is offered to carry spend measurements of good quality of terrestrial stations with small diameters of aerials with higher accuracy, with participation of control station and with use transponders of the companion engaged in working transfers. (G/T), /1/. -, - -. , G/T , , , : () ; , ;95

, , . , /2/ . . G/T () , , . , . : . , . , , . . 1 , . 96

, . 5-10 , . , , 3- , . . , , 20 . 3- 5- . (C+N)/N. C/N : () (C+N)/N >20 , , C/N = (C+N)/N (.. 0,1 ) , , : ( ) : - ( ); NBW - , ; . (G/T) : : 228,6 - , / ;

. - , ( . ); L - -, , . ( ) . , . , . . . , : , . 1.

: 1- . 2- () RBW, / 20 , No . 3- 5-10 . (C+N)/N , . 20 .

1 9 -18 (10 -150 ) -100 . . . 30 75 60 ( ) 10 . . . 100 3 3 . . . 150 0,01 . . . 50 110-7 97

4- : ( ) : - ( ); NBW - ( ). : C/No = (C+N)/N, (C+N)/N>20 (.. 0,1 )

(); L - , ().

:1) , , . 2) , , , .

5- : G/T = C/No 228,6 . + L, ()

-R S.733-1, 783 . : 228,6 - (/ . . .); ... - .: - - 1988, 286 . ( ),

98

614.8.084

GSM - ..., , i ici, . - i i, .GSM . . GSM. . The questions of inuence electromagnetic elds of transmitters on the attendants of base stations standard GSM are considered. For effective protection of the personnel it is offered to carry spend shielding of electromagnetic elds of the transmitter of base station. . , . . , , . - . . , , , . . , . . , 99

. . (, , ) . . , . , , 0,33 900 . , () /1/

; ; - . . , :

, h , k z . , : z1 . : , z1 . , . , z1 : :

r- . , , - /1/ . , f=109, f=106 0,3 300 . : r > l2 / r > 3 , l - . , /2/ :

;100

r* =l/2 m=2; r* = m=1; r* = r m=0,7. :

: , . , , (1 ), d . , (1-).

1 i z1 :

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.. . .: - , 1987, 224 . .. . . - : ..,2001.-368c.

101

, 551.510.42

.., , . , . - .., , . . , - . . , .. The article describes operation of high-voltage transmission lines depending on weather conditions and air pollution intensity. It proves that by solving these problems, it is possible to facilitate the operational integrity of high-voltage transmission lines and substations and improve the insulation condition. . , () , 102

. , : ) ; ) ;

) . , , 25, F, NH3, , 2, SO2, SO3 . /1/. , , (F) . AI2O3, SiO2 (

1) , , , . . , ( 1), , , - , ( 2), .

1 / 1 2 SiO2 K2O CaO2 MgO 25 Fe2O3 AI2O3 () 3 30 0,3 20 2,1 16,09 10 3 5 42,6 1,8 26,5 1,0 11,7 2,9 1,3

NaO 0,25 1,1

, , , . , MgO, 25, SiO2 AI2O3. SO3, , 3 S4, , , .

, . , 1-2 . . , . (. . 44714)103

104

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, . , , , , , , - . ., , 1975, . 29-30. , - . ., , 1975, .27-28

106

504.3.054:656.13 (574-25)

. - , . . . , , . . Examined main factors of inuence on deterioration ecological condition state Almaty, coupled with exhausts of auto transport. Make analysis of introduction regulate limitations how mechanism of lowering exhausts movable springs , , . . . , 200 . /1/. - , , , . , . ( 80 %), , 170 . , . 1,24,2 , 1,081,44 , 1,022,1 4,07,6 . 2005 2004 , . , , () 15,23 (15,03 2004 .). 6 , 1,9 , () 1 . , . , , , 107

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01.06.2007 468467 ( 1).

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2000 2005

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(, ..) . , , . , . , 70 % -2, 1996 , -

-4. 1997 -2, . 2007 89 , . , . , - , ..109

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1. .. , : . - 2- . - .: , 2000. - 672 . 2. .., .. - . . . .: , 2001 , 296 . 3. ( . .): 19.12.2001 ., 340-. . , 89 . 4. .. . -2. ., . , 3, 1998, .7-13. 5. .., .. . .: - , 1992. .432.

: , . , , . , ( 30%) , . ,

111

, - 544.773.432:62

, . , . , . , . -, . . -, . , . , . . . . . Description of the collapse with Faradays law. Application of polyelectrolyte hydrogels in technics. /1-3/. , , , , /4/. , 112

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(7) , (1) (3) : Ii+ , (8) 2 , (9)

(4) (2)-(4) . Ii+ , , Ie+ . (2) , V t 114

(10) (9) (10) , . (6) (9) .

(19) (17) (18) , (11) . (17) eb ci, (18) eb+ (ci+n0). (12) (11) (12) , 1:1 : (13) - 1:1 . (7) (10), , (14) i - 1:1 , n0 - , (, ). : (15) (16) (15) (16) . (11), (12), (15) (16) (2) (8), : , ,

n - , :

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, ( ) . (20) , / , .. .

1. Doi, M., Matsumoto, M. and Hirose, Y. Deformation of ionic polymer gels by electric-elds,. Macromolecules (1992), 25, pp. 5504-5511.

2. Hirai, M., Hirai, T., Sukumoda, A., Nemoto, H., Amemiya, Y., Kobayashi, K. and Ueki, T. Electrically-induced reversible structural-change of a highly swollen polymer gel network,. J. Chem. Soc.Faraday Trans. (1995), 91, pp. 473-477. 3. Osada Y., Gong J. P., Sawahata K. Synthesis, Mechanism, and Application of Electro-Driven Chemomechanical System Using Polymer Gels // J. Macromol. Sci.Chem., 1991, A28, . 1189-1205. 4. .., .., .., .., .. IT-. . 2007. 180 . 5. Reva Yu.I., Proskura K., Semeniakin N.V. et.al. Polymeric hydrogels as means of volume representation of the visual information. Prog. Int. Young Sci. Conf. Modern problems of polymer science, St.Petersburg, April, 15-17,2008, 4-P-45. 6. Budtova T.V., Suleimenov I.E., Frencel S.Ya. Electrocinetics of the contraction a polyelectrolyte hydrogel under constant electric eld.// Polymer Gels and Networks. 1995, V.3, P.387-393. 7. Suleimenov I., Pereladov I. and Bekturov E. Theoretical description of polyelectrolyte hydrogel collapse in electric eld // Euroasian Chem. Tech. J., 2002, 4. P.243-247. 8. .., .., .. // .. .1995, .37. 1, . 147-153 9. Budtova T.V., Belnikevich N.G., Suleimenov I.E., Frencel S.Ya. Concentration redistribution of low molecular weight salt of metals in presence of strongly swelling polyelectrolyte hydrogels // Polymer.1993.- Vol 34.- . 5154-5156.

116

621.315.616.9:039.83

.., , , . .., , . , , . ..., . .. ..., . .. . ...,. . .. - g - : g- 300 12-15%- , 5000 30-40% . - . - - ; , - 300 12-15 %, 5000 3040 % , . The inuence of laser and irradiation on electric and stress-strain properties of polyimides of alicyclic type was studied. It was established that in the case of irradiation with dose rate of 300 MRad enhancement of tensile strength up to 12-15 % takes place, and at dose rate up to 5000 MRad dielectric parameters save 30-40 % of initial value, but stress-strain properties of these polymers were changed dramatically. , , , . . , 117

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1. .., .., .., .. // . 1998. 11. . 57-60. 2. .., .., .. // . . . , . : . 2006, .297-299. 3. .., .., .., .. . : . 2004, .220. 4. .., .., .. . // . . 1986. . 291. 6. . 1399-1402. 5. .. // . . 1996. 3. . 20-23.

6. .., .., .. . // . 1982. . 9. 10 . 2049-2055. 7. .., .., .. . // . . 1977. . 19. 10. . 2217-2223. 8. / . ..- .: . 2007, .1144. 9. .., .., .. // . 1987, 2, .138-139. 10. .., .., .., .., .. // . 1988. . 22. 5. . 427430. 11. .. // . 1996. . 25. . 445-447. 12. .., .., .. . . 8 . . : 1990, .27. 13. .., .., .., .., .. . . . . . : 1999, .98-105. 14. .., .., .., .. . .: , 1983. 328 .

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