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II

- : XXI

: ,

, 2011

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. 1. : . 2. : . 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. 2.6. 2.7. 3. 3.1. . 3.2 : 3 5 11 11 13 16 17 18 20 21 24 24 25 27 29

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, , 2009 [], [ 1 2011; 12:00]. http://rutracker.org/forum/viewtopic.php?t=2339229, , . .. : [], [ 1 2011; 12:00]. : http://www.ecsocman.edu.ru/ons/msg/18912953.html 2 , . . . : , 1995. 447-454 3 , . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.inliberty.ru/library/study/564/ , . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.inliberty.ru/library/study/565/

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4 , 2011 . , - . - , , . . 1. . 2. - . 3. - 4. . . , , , . , , (, , , ). , , , , . , , , - .

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1. : , , , ( ), ( ), ( ). , , , , . , . , - . , , , . , , 18671960, , 1929 1931 4. - 4-5 . . , . , . ( ), ( ). , . , . XX , . 1929 - . - . , ,

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, . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.inliberty.ru/library/study/565/

6 , , , . . . . . , - . . , XX - , . . , , . 1930 -. - . , , 800 , , , 3218 5. , , , , . , . - - , , 6. 1930 64 . , , , , . . , ., . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.inliberty.ru/library/study/565/ 6 The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History: 5-Volume Set. USA: Oxford University Press, 2003. 2824 c.5

7 . , , . , , ( , ), , - , Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History 7. , , , , . , , . , . , , , , . - . (24 1929 ) -, 8. , , , 1929 1933. , , , . . , , volunterism - , 9. . , , , . :7

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History: 5-Volume Set. USA: Oxford University Press, 2003. 2824 c. , . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.inliberty.ru/library/study/565/ 9 Herbert Hoover - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Hoover8

8 , , , , . Lee Ohanian 10 , , , . , , . . 1931 27% 1929, 8%, , , 10%. . . , 73 24 . - , 1932 Revenue Act, 63 , , 15 11. , , 1 12. 1931 National Credit Corporation, , , , , NCC. ( ), 20% . 1932 Federal Home Loan Bank Act, , , , 13. 1932 Emergency Relief and Construction Act, . .

SULLIVAN, M. Hoover's pro-labor stance spurred Great Depression [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/news/article/21795 11 Herbert Hoover - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Hoover 12 13

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9 1932 Reconstruction Finance Corporation, , , . , , , , . John Nance Garner, , - 1933-1941, , 14. , , , , . , 31- , . 1929 1931 25%. 1932 24,9% . 1933 46% 1929 , 1911 . 3 1,85 , 31%. . 53%. . 90%. 135 15. . 1932 . 30- 1882 . . , . 1928 -. , . , . ,

FRIEDRICH, O. F.D.R.'s Disputed Legacy [-] TIME Magazine [] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,954983-4,00.html 15 The Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History: 5-Volume Set. USA: Oxford University Press, 2003. 2824 c. 1929-1933 . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.mirovoy-crisis.ru/depression.php , . [-] - [ 26 2011 ]. : www.ecosinform.ru/userfiles/file/Ryzvelt(2).pdf

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10 , . , , , , " "[...] "", , , , , , , . [...] , , - . , , 16. . , : 25% , , , , 17. 18: , , , , -, , . , , , . , 8 1932 , , 472 531 . . , , . , , , , 19.1617

. . . : , 1995. 576 . , . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.inliberty.ru/library/study/565/ 18 , . [-] - [ 26 2011 ]. : www.ecosinform.ru/userfiles/file/Ryzvelt(2).pdf 19 If you bite into an apple and find a worm, it's Hoover's fault. If the capitol burned down,"people would say, well, at least Roosevelt built a great fire.

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2. : , 1933 1938 1939, . 1933-1935, (3 ) 20. - , 100 21. 10 , , 3 22. , , , . 2.1 , , . . , , , - -23. , . 9 1933 - . 6 , 15 60%

RAPAPORT, R. The fight that just won't die [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.salon.com/news/politics/war_room/2011/04/10/hoover_roosevelt_rapaport/index.html 20 , . [-] - [ 26 2011 ]. : www.ecosinform.ru/userfiles/file/Ryzvelt(2).pdf 21 22 , . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.inliberty.ru/library/study/565/ 23 , . - [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://malchish.org/lib/economics/Banki.htm#a25

12 24. , . , , , , 25, , , . -, , , . (FDIC), . . , , . . : Federal Securities Act , , . . , . , . , . , ( ). , . , , , - 26. , Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History, .

, . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.contrtv.ru/common/3031/ 25 , . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.inliberty.ru/library/study/564/ 26 , . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.inliberty.ru/library/study/565/

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13 , - 21 . , , . 10 ( 100 , )27. 1935 , 35 , . , , , , , 28. , , . , . , . - , , , . 2.2. 16 1933 (NIRA). - , , . 7 , , . NIRA . , . , , , . [...] 29. ,

, . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.contrtv.ru/common/3031/ 28 , . - [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://malchish.org/lib/economics/Banki.htm#a25 29 . . . : , 1995. . 452

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14 35- 30-40 . 95% . , 17 1933 . , ,

, , , , 12 13 40 . ,

, , , , , , , , , , 40 , , , 30. NRA, . , , , , . . , , . 40%, 6 25%. . . NRA - , , , 40 3531.

, . . ( ) [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://lawyery.ru/books/hrestomatia-krashen/10.htm#128 31 , . [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.inliberty.ru/library/study/565/

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15 5 1935 , - - , . , . , . . , : , . , - - . , , , , , , , , (, , ) , , , , . 32. , , . , . , , ( ), . 25 1938 , ( 14 )33.

, . . ( ) [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://lawyery.ru/books/hrestomatia-krashen/10.htm#128

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2.3. , :34 . , . , . , . , , . , , , , . 12 1933 . : c

( ) , , , , , , , 35. , 6 . , . . , , , , , . , . [-] - [ 26 2011 ]. : www.ecosinform.ru/userfiles/file/Ryzvelt(2).pdf 34 .. [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://sharakshane.narod.ru/Roosevelt_page.htm 35 , . . ( ) [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://lawyery.ru/books/hrestomatia-krashen/10.htm#12833

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17 . , . 1935 Rural Electrification Administration(REA), , . , , , 5 4 36. 29 1936 Soil Conversation and Domestic Allotment Act, . 2.4. ... 14 1935 . , 1942 37. . . . , ( ) 2 ( , ). , ( 30- ), - 65 ( 1930 59 38). , , , . , , . . , , . . , - , 36

, . [-] - [ 26 2011 ]. : www.ecosinform.ru/userfiles/file/Ryzvelt(2).pdf 37 , . .. [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.isras.ru/files/File/Vlast/2010/02/Stanovlenie_sistemi_socialnogo_zakonodatelstva.pdf 38 , ? [-] [ 26 2011 ]. : http://www.blackpantera.ru/communication/blog/health/545.php

18 1936 , , , . - , .