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o¤Ã§¡ÒÃæºÃ¹´ «aÁeÁoà æ¤Á» 2010 (Online) By ¤ÃÙ¾Õèæ¹¹ Enconcept [email protected] Additional Vocabulary Vocabulary of Health ailment (n.) ความเจ็บปวย (เล็กนอย) Ex . Pregnant women with the ailment are at higher risk of miscarriage 1 or stillbirth. disease, disorder, affliction / malaise, ailment, malady (n.) โรคภัยไขเจ็บ confusion, chaos, mess / disorder, disruption / turmoil, turbulence / anarchy, upheaval (n.) ความสับสน ความวุนวาย ออ! คําวา disorder แปลได 2 ความหมาย คือ ความเจ็บปวย และความวุนวาย Anorexia (n.) ภาวะที่รางกายไมมีความอยากอาหาร Ex . Many teenagers tend to develop Anorexia from running after fashion. anorexic, skinny / underweight, bony / slender, scrawny, skeletal, slim (adj.) ผอม corpulent, obese / overweight, fleshy / plump, stout / chubby, tubby (adj.) อวน strong, sturdy / healthy, hearty / robust (adj.) แข็งแรง สุขภาพดี กํายํา คําวา hearty มีความหมายวา energetic แปลวา มีพลัง คลองแคลว กระฉับกระเฉง Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder [ADHD] (n.) โรคสมาธิสั้น

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  • o aeo 2010 (Online) By Enconcept [email protected]

    Additional Vocabulary Vocabulary of Health

    ailment (n.) ()

    Ex. Pregnant women with the ailment are at higher risk of miscarriage


    or stillbirth.

    disease, disorder, affliction / malaise, ailment, malady (n.)

    confusion, chaos, mess / disorder, disruption / turmoil, turbulence /

    anarchy, upheaval (n.)

    ! disorder 2

    Anorexia (n.)

    Ex. Many teenagers tend to develop

    Anorexia from running after fashion.

    anorexic, skinny / underweight, bony / slender, scrawny, skeletal, slim (adj.)

    corpulent, obese / overweight, fleshy / plump, stout / chubby, tubby (adj.)

    strong, sturdy / healthy, hearty / robust (adj.)

    hearty energetic

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder [ADHD] (n.)

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    Ex. A child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder cannot concentrate on


    something for a long time.

    join in, attend / participate, take part, engage (v.) ,

    attend attention (, )

    attendance ()

    benign tumour (n.)

    kind, benign, merciful / beneficent, benevolent / charitable,

    altruistic, philanthropic / Samaritan, humanitarian / gracious,

    generous (adj.) ,

    malignant tumour (n.) Cancer (n.)

    fierce, ferocious, cruel / brutal, barbaric, savage / merciless,

    pitiless / ruthless, relentless (adj.)

    serious, severe / solemn, stern / grave, grim / harsh, rigid (adj.)

    carcinoma, tumour = carcinogen =

    bruxism (n.)

    bite, snap / nip, nibble, gnaw (v.)

    crush, crumble, crumple / grind, mash / pound, pulverize, powderize


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    bug (n.)

    Ex. I had a tummy bug last week.

    cerebral palsy (n.)

    celebral (n.)

    chronic tension headache (n.)

    Chron = chronic (adj.) chronicle (n.) chronology (n.) synchronize (v.) contagious disease (n.)


    Ex. H1N1 Flu is considered a serious contagious disease.

    epidemic, endemic, pandemic / pestilence, contagion / outbreak,

    plague, scourge (n.) ,

    insomnia (n.)

    insomniac (n.)

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    slumber (n., v.) sleep slumberous (adj.) , ,

    osteoporosis (n.)

    Ex. Osteoporosis afflicts many older women.

    osteoarthritis (n.)

    osteoblast (n.)

    osteoblastoma (n.)

    osteopath (n.)

    osteopathy (n.)

    stroke (n.)


    Ex. She had a stroke which left her unable to speak.

    disable, cripple, handicap / deform, disfigure / paralyze, maim, lame


    acute stroke (n.)

    heatstroke (n.)

    typhus (n.)

    Ex. After two weeks she was brought home infected by typhus, and died soon.

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    opportunistic infection (n.)

    pathogen (n.)

    Ex. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a dangerous pathogen.

    patho- =

    pathogenesis (n.)

    pathogenicity (n.)

    pathognomonic (adj.)

    pathologic (adj.)

    pathological (adj.)

    pathologist (n.) ,

    autopsy (n.)

    symptom (n.)

    dehydration (n.)

    Ex. My doctor suggest that I drink lots of water to prevent



    advise, guide / suggest, counsel / recommend, introduce, tip (v.)

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    dehydrate (v.)

    dehydration (n.)

    dehydrator (n.)

    gaunt (adj.)

    Ex. If you keep your figure, your face can end up looking gaunt. haggard (adj.)

    Ex. He'd been drinking the night before and was looking a bit


    hypertension (n.)

    stress, strain, tension / nervous breakdown (n.)

    hypotension (n.)

    hyperglycemia (n.)

    hypoglycemia (n.)

    Ex. Herbal medication for

    hypoglycemia is another

    alternative treatment.


    glycogen (n.)

    glycosuria (n.)


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    abdominal pain (n.)

    Ex. She got acute abdominal pains.

    breast augmentation (n.)

    Ex. Breast augmentation has become one of the most commonly


    performed cosmetic plastic surgical procedures.

    augment, increase / multiply, mount, accrue / swell, soar, surge /

    escalate, skyrocket (v.)

    decrease, ease, decline / diminish, dwindle, drop / reduce, lessen,

    lower / slacken, subside, fall (v.)

    asymptomatic (adj.)

    Ex. At first the symptoms of prostate cancer are asymptomatic;

    for this reason it is commonly referred to as the silent killer.

    calm, quiet / peaceful, pacific, placid / tranquil, serene (adj.)

    inflammatory (adj.)

    fire, flame / flare, blaze (v.)

    bomb, blast, blaze / burst, blow up /erupt, explode (v.) , ,

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    inflame (v.)

    Inflammation (n.)

    metastasis (n.)

    Ex. Metastasis is the transference of disease- producing


    or of malignant or cancerous cells to other parts of the


    - ectomy

    gastrectomy (n.)

    hepatectomy (n.) hepato- =

    pneumonectomy (n.) pneumo- =

    hysterectomy (n.)

    mastectomy (n.)

    optic / optical (adj., n.) ,

    Ex. Sometimes children with optic

    neuropathy find spectacles improve vision.

    optician (n.) ophthalmologist (n.)

    ophthalmology (n.)


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    reproductive (adj.)

    Ex. Women are required to pay particular attention to certain

    health conditions because of body composition, such as

    reproductive organs.

    palpitate (v.) () , palpitation (n.)

    Ex. He ended up in hospital with heart palpitations.

    remedy (n.)

    cure, heal, treat (v.)

    remedy, therapy, antidote (), medication / medicament,

    medicine, drug (n.)

    therapeutic (adj.)

    antidepressant (n., adj.) ,

    Ex. Antidepressants are the drugs or medicines which can be used

    to cure any type of depression.

    autologous transplant (n.) (stem cells)

    blood transfusion (n.)

    Ex. She suffered kidney failure and needed a blood transfusion.

    bone marrow donation (n.)

    cryotherapy (n.) cryo- =

    Ex. Cryotherapy is another way to treat prostate cancer besides surgery or radiation.


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    diuretic (n., adj.) ,

    Ex. Diuretics are medicines used to help body remove excess salt &


    excrete (v.) excretion (n.)

    Ex. Most toxins are naturally excreted from the body.

    heart bypass (n.)

    heart valve replacement (n.)

    replace, take the place of / substitute, surrogate (v.)

    stand-in (n.)

    hematopoiesism (haematopoiesism) (n.)

    haemat- / hemato-

    haematemasis (n.)

    haematogenous (n.)

    haematology (n.)

    haematuria (n.)

    hematocrit (n.)

    implant (v.) ,

    Ex. The owner's name and address is stored on a microchip and

    implanted in the dog's body.

    isolation (n.)


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    desolate, solitary (adj.)

    integrative medicine (n.)

    invasive (adj.) ,

    Ex. Pneumonia is an invasive disease.

    microsurgery (n.)

    Ex. Through the use of microsurgery a woman can have tubal

    ligation reversal surgery carried out, which requires that they

    stay in hospital for only 1 or 2 days.

    spinal fusion (n.)

    tranquilizer (n.)

    Ex. Tranquilizer is highly dangerous if taken not according to

    their instructions.

    angioplasty (n.)

    acupuncture (n.)

    Ex. Many Chinese believe that acupuncture helps healing pain and [email protected]



    stab, sting / pierce, prick / puncture, penetrate (v.)

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    quarantine (n., v.)

    Ex. Paul had to spend several months in

    quarantine when he reached China.

    recuperate (v.) ,

    Ex. Coles is recuperating from a sprained ankle.

    regenerate (v.) , ,

    Ex. Tissue regenerates after skin is scratched.

    rehabilitate (v.) ,

    Ex. Physiotherapy is part of rehabilitating accident victims.

    remission (n.)

    Ex. Her cancer has been in remission for several years.

    resilient (adj.)

    get over, recover, recuperate / convalesce, regain ones health,

    get back on ones feet (v.)

    revive, resurrect, resuscitate / revitalize, rescue ()

    (v.) Vocabulary of Psychology

    behavior (n.)

    Ex. Some backgrounds of a person can be seen by observing his or her behavior.

    perception (n.)


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    Ex. Toys help babies develop process of perception over time.

    sensation (n.)

    Ex. When Henry cut himself, the wound was so bad that he lost all

    sensation for a while.

    altruism (n.)

    acquisition (n.)

    Ex. The Art Society is holding an exhibition of recent acquisitions.

    reinforcement (n.) ,

    Ex. The harbor walls need urgent reinforcement.

    support, subsidize / boost, backup / foster, advocate /

    encourage, enhance, endorse (v.)

    heuristic (adj.) ,

    Ex. The boy is taking a heuristic approach to that mathematics problem.

    autonomy, transcendentalism (n.)

    introspection (n.)

    Ex. His defeat in the world championship led to a long period of gloomy introspection.


    probe, investigate / inspect, detect / look into, scrutinize, examine


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    assimilate (v.)

    Ex. The European countries should remain flexible

    enough to assimilate more countries quickly.

    psychosomatic (adj.)

    Ex. Psychosomatic illness originates with emotional stress or damaging thought

    patterns but has physical symptoms that are real and can harm you as much

    as symptoms that originate from other means.

    ego (n.)

    Ex. Nicholas has a huge ego and he never listens to opinions of others.

    egomaniac (n.) /

    self-esteem (n.)


    Ex. The compliments students received after the presentation boosted them self-


    pride, vanity, self-respecting, self-reliant (n.)

    narcissism (n.)

    high-handed, high-heeled / lofty , vain,

    arrogant / conceited, narcissistic,

    snobbish (adj.)

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    delusion (n.)

    projection (n.)

    geocentricism (n.)

    stimulus (n.) ,

    Ex. The most sensitive organ for perception of a stimulus was the human tongue.

    incentive (n.)

    Cognitive Domain (n.)

    cognition (n.)

    Ex. Humans use process of cognition to learn and understand things.

    perception, knowing, comprehension, apprehension, understanding, apperception (n.)

    cognitive (adj.) ,

    Ex. You can improve memory and attention with cognitive training games.

    cognitive dissonance (n.)

    Ex. Cognitive dissonance is the feeling of uncomfortable tension which comes from

    holding two conflicting thoughts in the mind at the same time.

    ambivalent (adj.)


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    Ex. I felt very ambivalent about leaving home.

    indecisive, irresolute / hesitant, reluctant (adj.)

    precognition (n.) ,

    Ex. He remembers how Yu had mentioned precognition, so he tries to research all he

    can on that.

    abstruse (adj.)

    Ex. Maths is a mixed of abstruse theory and detailed calculations.

    consciousness (n.)

    Ex. What my mother has said always stick in my consciousness all the time.

    subconscious (n.)

    Ex. The memory was buried deep within my subconscious.

    unconsciousness (n.)

    Ex. Unconsciousness can be examined mostly only when a person is


    Affective Domain (n.)

    mental (adj.) ,

    emotional (adj.)

    Ex. Emotional support from parents is important to encourage children to learn.

    aesthetic (adj.)


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    Ex. The new building has little aesthetic value.

    Intrinsic Motivation (n.)

    crave, desire / die, long, yearn (v.)

    Extrinsic Motivation (n.)

    frustration (n.) frustrate, infuriate , exasperate / enrage , upset / anger, madden


    resent, temper (v.)

    psychogenic (adj.) Ex. A psychogenic disease is a physical disease that originates in

    the mind or in mental or emotional conflict.

    Dejavu (n.)

    trauma (n.) Ex. He had psychotherapy to help him deal with his childhood


    schizophrenia (n.) Ex. Though there is no cure for schizophrenia, a combination of treatment strategies

    can often help.


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    Multiple or Double personality (n.) 2

    hallucination (n.) hysteria (n.) Numphomania


    negativism (n.)

    psychiatry (n.) , Ex. Psychiatry is a medical specialty officially devoted to the

    treatment and study of mental disorders.

    psychotherapy / psychoanalysis (n.) psychiatrist (n.) psychotherapist (n.)

    Rorschach test (n.)

    Ex. Rorschach test is well-known and widely used for psychological analysis.

    hypnosis (n.) Ex. We also have a healthy mindset for change and are familiar with the experience of

    hypnosis, which is similar to meditation.


    mesmerize, hypnotize (v.)

    confusion, chaos, mess / disorder, disruption / turmoil, turbulence / anarchy, upheaval (n.)