autocad shmeiwseis

Download AutoCAD shmeiwseis

Post on 20-Oct-2015

22 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

AutoCAD shmeiwseis

TRANSCRIPT

  • .

    /

    /

    2006

  • 1. CAD...................................................................................5 1.1 CAE.....................................................................................6

    2. AutoCAD ......................................................9 3. ...................................................................................................13

    3.1. AutoCAD .................................................14 3.2. ORTHO ......................................................19 3.3. .........................................................................................20

    4. ................................................................27 4.1. (Select)..................................................................................28

    5. .........................................................................37 5.1. Layers ...............................................................................................37 5.2. Blocks ...............................................................................................40

    6. AutoCAD........................................................................45 7. ....................................................51

    7.1. Zoom.................................................................................................51 7.2. Viewports ..........................................................................................52 7.3. ...............................53

    2 .

  • .

    ,

    ,

    ,

    ,

    , ,

    .

    , ,

    AutoCAD Autodesk

    .

    , ,

    Windows Microsoft.

    .

    .

    . 3

  • 1. CAD

    .

    , .

    ,

    ,

    .

    . (2D)

    .

    (3D) ( )

    .

    .

    , ,

    ,

    CAD-CAM

    (Computer Aided Design - Computer Aided Manufacturing) CAE

    (Computer Aided Engineering).

    , /

    , ,

    ,

    .

    ,

    , .

    . 5

  • CAD /

    /

    .

    , ,

    .

    1.1 CAE

    .

    CAD

    CAD (Computer Aided Design)

    ,

    .

    .

    (Zoom), ,

    , ,

    ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    CAP

    CAP (Computer Aided Planning)

    / , ..

    ,

    , .

    CAM

    CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing)

    / .

    CAD CAM

    6 .

  • / CAD

    (NC) .

    .

    , CAD CAM ,

    ..

    .

    CAQ

    CAQ (Computer Aided Quality Control),

    /

    ..

    , , ...

    CAE

    CAD, CAP, CAM CAQ,

    / (

    ) ,

    CAE (Computer Aided Engineering).

    CIM

    , CIM (Computer Integrated Manufacturing)

    /

    : , , .

    CAD

    AutoCAD

    Autodesk.

    . 7

  • CAD /

    C

    AD

    ,

    (3D)

    CA

    P

    CA

    M

    NC

    CA

    E

    CA

    Q

    /.

    8 .

  • 2. AutoCAD

    ,

    ,

    AutoCAD.

    AutoCAD

    1. AutoCAD

    .

    2. AutoCAD .

    3. >utoCAD

    AutoCAD.

    . 9

  • AutoCAD /

    , AutoCAD

    windows.

    windows , ,

    .

    .

    AutoCAD.

    AutoCAD

    . ,

    .

    AutoCAD.

    ,

    10 .

  • / AutoCAD

    .

    AutoCAD ,

    .

    .

    (..

    ). ,

    , ,

    ,

    .

    AutoCAD

    ,

    (tabs)

    .

    model,

    . , , ,

    10

    (mm, cm .).

    model AutoCAD

    .

    Layout,

    . ,

    model,

    . 11

  • AutoCAD /

    .

    AutoCAD ,

    (..

    )

    .

    12 .

  • 3.

    AutoCAD .

    :

    1. Draw,

    2. Draw,

    3. .

    Line

    .

    :

    Draw

    Line

    Line

    Draw

    . 13

  • /

    ,

    Specify first point,

    .

    ,

    , .

    .

    ,

    , Enter .

    , ,

    .

    .

    . ,

    ,

    Command.

    , Esc. , Undo

    Edit , undo u .

    3.1. AutoCAD

    ,

    .

    . , ,

    , x

    14 .

  • /

    y. AutoCAD,

    :

    1.

    ,

    AutoCAD, ,

    .

    , ,

    , ,

    .

    Zoom ,

    .

    .

    2.

    .

    ,

    .

    .

    .

    ( ),

    x

    y . ,

    . , ,

    100,50

    100 x 50

    . 15

  • /

    y.

    x.

    ,

  • /

    3. ,

    .

    (Grid)

    GRID AutoCAD.

    SNAP

    ,

    .

    , ,

    , ,

    ,

    , .

    Temporary Tracking Point

    (..

    ). ,

    GRID

    SNAP

    . 17

  • /

    , .

    ,

    . ,

    OSNAP (Object Snap)

    AutoCAD.

    , ,

    OSNAP,

    .

    OSNAP

    Settings.

    Drafting Settings,

    .

    -

    OSNAP

    18 .

  • /

    ,

    ,

    AutoCAD

    (..

    3.2.

    ORTHO

    .

    ,

    .

    ).

    ORTHO

    . ,

    .

    , , , ,

    ,

    ,

    .

    , ORTHO,

    ,

    ,

    ORTHO

    , Line,

    , ,

    . ,

    100 ,

    Line, ,

    ORTHO,

    . 19

  • /

    100.

    (.. 80)

    80

    .

    3.3.

    .

    Circle. ,

    ,

    3 (3 points, 3P) , 2

    (2 points, 2P) ,

    (tan tan radius,

    ). ,

    .

    ,

    tan tan radius

    t. ,

    .

    :

    ,

    . ,

    , ,

    20 .

  • /

    Line : .

    .

    , ...

    ...

    block

    Construction Line :

    Multiline : (

    ).

    Polyline :

    Polygon : . Rectangle : . Arc :

    , ,

    Circle : , , 3 ,

    ...

    Spline : .

    Ellipse : Ellipse Arc : Insert Block : Make Block : block Point : Hatch : Region : Text :

    . 21

  • /

    ,

    3.

    .

    (100,100)

    22 .

  • /

    (100,100)

    . 23

  • /

    .

    24 .

  • /

    . 25

  • 4.

    AutoCAD

    .

    :

    AutoCAD

    .

    :

    1. Modify, 1. Modify,

    2. Modify , 2. Modify ,

    3. . 3. .

    Copy

    AutoCAD.

    :

    Copy

    AutoCAD.

    :

    Modify

    Copy

    Copy

    Modify

    . 27

  • - /

    Select objects,

    . ,

    .

    (displacement)

    .

    . , ,

    100

    100,

    .

    Copy, Move.

    4.1. (Select)

    (Select objects).

    .

    .

    .

    .

    , , .

    .

    .

    , , .

    28 .

  • / -

    .

    ,

    .

    ,

    , Enter (Spacebar) AutoCAD . , ,

    , :

    :

    Erase : . Copy Object : . Mirror :

    .

    Offset : .

    Array : .

    Move : .

    Rotate : .

    . 29

  • - /

    Scale : . Stretch :

    x y.

    Lengthen : . Trim : . Extend :

    .

    Break at Point : .

    Break :

Recommended

View more >