decigoと地上重力波干渉計の...

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1 DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果 Takahiro Tanaka (Dept. of Phys./YITP Kyoto university) with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808 (2018) no.08, 033 BH 重力波 Gravitational waves

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Page 1: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計のシナジー効果

Takahiro Tanaka(Dept. of Phys./YITP

Kyoto university)

with Remya Nair,

Sanjay JhinganPTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01JCAP 1808 (2018) no.08, 033

BH重力波Gravitational

waves

Page 2: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

§1 Synergy effect on gravity test

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Page 3: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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Motivation for modified gravity1) Incompleteness of General relativity

2) Dark energy problem

GR is non-renormalizabileSingularity formation after gravitational collapse

3) To test General relativity

GR has been repeatedly tested since its first proposal.The precision of the test is getting higher and higher.

⇒ Do we need to understand what kind of modification is theoretically possible before experimental test?

Yes, especially in the era of gravitational wave observation!

Page 4: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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(arXiv:1603.08955)

Constraint on the modification of gravity by GW150914

Constraint on the graviton Compton wavelength is severer than the solar system bounds.

For the improvement of the precision, longer observation in the inspiral phase is necessary ⇒ space interferometer

Page 5: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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GW151226 improved the constraint a lot

Constraint on the 1PN coefficient became about 5 times more stringent

Page 6: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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(Yunes & Pretorius (2009))

Parametorized post-Einstein

fiefAfh 6/7

fAufA GR

i

a

ii

1

i

b

iGRiuff

pulsarconstraint

ba

pulsar

constraint

Constraints from BH-BH merger

Constraints from BH-BH merger

12MOBH-6MOBH and 18MOBH-6MOBH mergers

Better constraint than pulsar timing for ai>0 or bi>-5/3.

GW waveform for Quasi-circular orbits

corresponding to Newtonian order

(Cornish, Sampson, Yunes, Pretorius. (2011))

Page 7: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

If we use space and ground detectors together, …

• The constraint on the deviation from GR is limited by the degeneracy with the binary parameters.

• To determine effectively many parameters, we need wider frequency range.

7

Page 8: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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Page 9: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

Fisher analysis

• We used 3.5PN wave form without spin for

circular binary.

9

fhfhfS

dfhh

n

*

2121 Re4|

baab

hh

θθ: Fisher matrix

: inner product

: binary parameters

aaa 12

Page 10: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

If we have two completely independent observations (1) and (2) that estimate only one parameter,

10

ba

ababP 21

2

1exp

2

2

2

1

211212

However, when we estimate many parameters together, the joint probability distribution becomes

aaa 1212

combined

ΓΓ

Reference value

The variance becomes

We assume the pair of ET and rescaled DECIGO noise curves.

Page 11: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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ppE waveform

fiefAfh 6/7

i

b

iGRiuff

Page 12: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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ppE waveform

fiefAfh 6/7

i

b

iGRiuff

Page 13: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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1) We have assessed the expected synergy effects between ground and space based detectors, on the estimated errorsin parameters of coalescing binary systems.

2) Our aim was to demonstrate that the advantage of having a GW antenna which is sensitive at low frequencies, is larger than we naively expect.

3) Larger gain in the error estimate of the GW waveform parameters is obtained when the constraints from individual ground or space detectors are almost equal.

4) In case of the ppE parameters that characterize deviations from GR, some gain is always obtained irrespective of the level of sensitivity of the GW antenna.

Summary

Page 14: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

§2 Synergy effect on

sky localization

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Motivation for identifying BH binary host galaxies

1) Identifying the type of host galaxies will tell us the formation history of binary black holes

2) We can use BH-BH binary to obtain redshift distance relation independent of IaSN

We extended our previous study taking into account 1) the sky position2) the motion of the detectors

comparison of helio-centric and geo-centric orbits3) the source orientation

We neglected spin precession.

Binary BHs may not have any detectable optical counterpart.

Quick data analysis may help detecting optical counterpart.

Page 16: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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Existing descrepqancy in the estimates of Hubble parameter

arXiv:1706.02739

Page 17: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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Heliocentric and Geocentric orbits

Sun

Sun Earth

Heliocentric orbit

Geocentric orbit

Page 18: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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Merit of adding Ground detector informationWe consider 40 30 BHs@3GpcM M

We focus on the sky localization (arcmin2)

Page 19: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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Merit of adding Ground detector information

Non-spinning case

Aligned spin

With and without spin, the joint analysis improves the sky localization by two orders of magnitude for helio-centric DECIGO, while the improvement is not significant for geo-centric configuration.

40 30 BHs@3GpcM M

Page 20: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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Merit of adding Ground detector information

The merit of combining the ground-based detector is bigger when the sensitivity of B-DECIGO is worse.

40 30 BHs@3GpcM M

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Effect on the spin parameter determination

The determination errors of spins do not depend much on the detector configuration.

40 30 BHs@3GpcM M

Page 22: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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Impact of the synergy effect on the sky localization

Localization improvement can be O(300) in the helio-centric case

Number of galaxies within the error box, adopting

6.4%L LD D

40 30 BHs@3GpcM M

~3000 galaxies

~9 galaxies

3 -32.35 10 Mpc

Notice that the number is roughly proportional to . 3

LD

Using synergy effect and also the distance information

Page 23: DECIGOと地上重力波干渉計の シナジー効果granite.phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp/decigo/DECIGO-WS17/... · with Remya Nair, Sanjay Jhingan PTEP 2016 (2016) no.5, 053E01 JCAP 1808

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Summary1) We have assessed the expected synergy effects between ground and space based detectors, on the estimated errorson the sky position of coalescing binary systems.

2) Our aim was to demonstrate that the advantage of having a GW antenna which is sensitive at low frequencies, is larger than we naively expect.

3) Improvement of the error estimate of the GW waveform source localization is significant, especially for heliocentric B-DECIGO.

4) For many gravitational wave events from coalescing BH binaries, we would be able to identify the host galaxy.