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  1. 1. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Chapter 12 Employee Benefits Fundamentals of Human Resource Management Eighth Edition DeCenzo and Robbins
  2. 2. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Introduction Employee benefits Have grown in importance and variety Typically membership-based rewards offered to attract and keep employees Do not directly affect a workers performance, but inadequate benefits lead to employee dissatisfaction.
  3. 3. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Introduction Costs of Providing Employee Benefits Benefit and service offerings add about 40% to an organizations payroll cost. Benefits become the focus of negotiations with employees when large wage and salary increases are not feasible.
  4. 4. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Introduction Contemporary Benefits Offerings Benefits today reflect the diversity of the work force. Challenge -- designing a benefits package which is attractive to applicants and current workers, and provides all the legally required benefits.
  5. 5. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Legally Required Benefits Social Security Financed by equal employee and employer contributions, based on a percentage of earnings. Provides income for retirees, disabled workers and surviving dependents. Provides some health insurance coverage through Medicare.
  6. 6. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Legally Required Benefits Unemployment Compensation Funded by employers who pay combined federal and state tax imposed on taxable wage base Tax varies based on organizations unemployment experience. Provides employees with some income continuation during periods of involuntary unemployment Typical coverage is for 26 weeks.
  7. 7. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Legally Required Benefits Workers Compensation Paid for by the organization Rates based on likelihood of accidents, past history, and the type of industry. Benefits pay expenses and/or compensate for losses resulting from work-related accidents or illness, regardless of fault.
  8. 8. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Legally Required Benefits Family and Medical Leave Act 1993 Act requires employers with 50 or more employees to allow up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for family or medical reasons. Specifies record-keeping and communication requirements
  9. 9. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Voluntary Benefits Traditional health insurance Typically has the fewest coverage limitations for the employee Usually the most expensive
  10. 10. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Voluntary Benefits Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs) Alternative benefit required by Health Maintenance Act of 1973. Broad comprehensive care provided by designated service centers for fixed fees. Promotes preventive care. Health care choices significantly limited.
  11. 11. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Voluntary Benefits Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs) Member health care providers agree to provide services at a fixed fee Employees are encouraged by lower rates to use member or preferred providers. Utilization review procedures generate data on plan use.
  12. 12. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Voluntary Benefits Employer-operated coverage Employers self-fund insurance programs Operated under a Voluntary Employees Beneficiary Association (VEBA) to reduce costs. Often hire third party to administer.
  13. 13. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Voluntary Benefits Health insurance continuation The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA) Provides for continuation of benefits for up to three years after an employee leaves a job Cost is paid by the employee
  14. 14. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Voluntary Benefits The HIPAA Requirement The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 Imposed on employers and health providers regulations regarding the confidentiality of employee health information.
  15. 15. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Retirement Benefits Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) of 1974 Vesting rights right to pension benefits even if one leaves the company. Enables pension rights to be portable. Sets up Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) claims corporate assets to cover inadequately funded pension plans) Requires Summary Plan Description (SPD)
  16. 16. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Retirement Benefits Defined Benefit Plans Plan specifies the dollar benefit workers receive at retirement. Usually based on some formula of years of service and average final compensation.
  17. 17. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Retirement Benefits Defined Contribution Plans: Employee and employer may contribute to account based on rules established for contributions Amount of benefits depends on success of account investments.
  18. 18. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Retirement Benefits Money Purchase Pension Plan Type of defined contribution plan Organization commits to depositing fixed amount of money or percentage of employees pay annually.
  19. 19. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Retirement Benefits Profit-Sharing Plans Variation of defined contribution plan. Company amount contributed depends on profit level in the organization. Contribution is optional, not required.
  20. 20. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Retirement Benefits Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) Currently designed for lower-income workers who dont have pension programs at work Can defer taxes on amount deposited and interest earned in retirement account.
  21. 21. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Retirement Benefits Roth IRAs: Effective in 1998. Eligible employees can contribute post-tax up to $3,000 annually Can be withdrawn tax-free after a certain age. 401(k)s: Permit workers to set aside specified amount of income on tax-deferred basis Employers may match employee contribution.
  22. 22. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Paid Time Off Vacation and Holiday Leave Vacation time is usually related to the length of time on the job. Some companies also allow personal days that can be used for any reason.
  23. 23. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Paid Time Off Disability Insurance Programs Provides salary continuation for: Short-term disabilities (sick leave) Long-term disabilities (coverage usually effective after 6 months). Some companies provide financial incentives to employees to not use their sick leave. Long-term disability plans usually replace a portion of the employees salary, often 60 percent.
  24. 24. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Survivor Benefits Usually are two types: contributory non-contributory In non-contributory the employer pays the total cost of the benefit.
  25. 25. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Survivor Benefits Group Term Life Insurance: Benefit is usually based on one to five times annual rate of pay. Travel insurance: Life insurance for business travel- related deaths.
  26. 26. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins Survivor Benefits The service side of benefits social and recreational events employee assistance programs credit unions housing tuition reimbursement uniforms company-paid transportation parking Employers often can provide services at no cost or at a significant reduction from the usual cost.
  27. 27. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins An Integrative Perspective on Employee Benefits Flexible benefits programs allow employees to choose which benefits they want and help to keep costs down.
  28. 28. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins An Integrative Perspective on Employee Benefits Flexible spending accounts Under Section I25 of the Internal Revenue Code employees can set aside a designated dollar amount before taxes for specified services health-care premiums medical expenses dependent child-care group legal services IRS requires that accounts for different purposes be separate and that all money be spent during the year or forfeited. Not subject to federal, state, and social security taxes.
  29. 29. Fundamentals of Human Resource Management 8e, DeCenzo and Robbins An Integrative Perspective on Employee Benefits Modular plans: Employees choose a pre-designed package of benefits from several options. Core-Plus Options Plans Employees given core coverage (e.g. medical, life, disability) with option to select other benefits.

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