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  • FACTORS INFLUENCING UTeM

    UNDERGRADUATE ENGINEERING STUDENTS

    INTENTION TO BE ENTREPRENEURS

    NURUL AFIQAH BINTI ISHEK

    UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL MALAYSIA MELAKA

    NU

    RU

    L AFIQ

    AH

    BIN

    TI ISH

    EK

    B

    Tech 2015

    UTeM

  • DECLARATION BY SUPERVISOR

    I hereby declare that I have checked this project and in my opinion, this project is

    adequate in terms of scope and quality for award of the degree of Bachelor of

    Technopreneurship (Honour)

    Supervisors Signature : _________________________

    Supervisors Name : _________________________

    Date : _________________________

    Panels Signature : _________________________

    Panels Name : _________________________

    Date : _________________________

  • FACTORS INFLUENCING UTeM UNDERGRADUATE ENGINEERING

    STUDENTS INTENTION TO BE ENTREPRENEURS

    NURUL AFIQAH BINTI ISHEK

    Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirement for the Bachelor of

    Technopreneurship (Honours)

    Faculty of Technology Management & Technopreneurship

    Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka

    JUNE 2015

  • i

    DECLARATION OF ORIGINAL WORK

    I hereby declare that the work of this research is mine expect for the quotations and

    summaries that have been duly acknowledge.

    Signature : _________________________

    Name : _________________________

    Date : _________________________

  • ii

    DEDICATION

    This research paper is lovingly dedicated to my parents, Encik Ishek Bin

    Hj Ahmad and Puan Norizan Binti Abd Rahman, who have been my constant

    source of inspirations and they have given unconditional support with my studies.

    I am honoured to have them as my parents. Thank you for giving me a chance to

    prove and improve myself through all my work of life. To my siblings and family

    thank you for your endless love, prayers and encouragement towards me. Not

    forgetting, to those who directly contributed in this research, your kindness mean

    a lot to me. Thank you very much.

  • iii

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious and the Most Merciful.

    Alhamdulillah, all praises to Allah for the strengths and His blessing in completing

    this research paper entitle Factor Influence the UTeM Undergraduate Engineering

    Students Intention to Be Entrepreneurs to fulfil the compulsory requirements of

    Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) and the Faculty of Technology

    Management and Technopreneurship (FPTT).

    I would like to express my deepest thanks to Puan Murzidah Binti Ahmad Murad,

    a lecturer at FPTT and also assign as my supervisor who had guided me for the task during

    two semesters in session 2014/2015. A sincere appreciation and thanks to Dr. Fararishah

    Binti Abdul Khalid as my panel during presentation and Dr. Ismi Rajiani and Dr. Chew

    Boon Cheong for sharing their experience and knowledge in the Research Methodology

    subject that really helped me through the writing of this research.

    Last but not least, I would like to express my deepest thanks and appreciation to

    my family members, friends and all who directly or indirectly give me their endless

    support, encouragement and have lent their helping hand in completing this research

    paper.

    Thank you very much.

  • iv

    ABSTRACT

    It has always been the interest of our government to promote entrepreneurship and

    new venture in business to enhance economic growth for the nation and creating jobs to

    help to solve the problem of unemployment. Regarding, the Research Institutes of Higher

    Education (IPPTN) in 2009 stated that the main cause of unemployment for graduates of

    technical and vocational fields is due to lack of skills they acquired during their studies.

    This problem occurs because of a lack of knowledge about one of the seven elements of

    the generic skills of entrepreneurial skills. Therefore, this research will be conducted

    among the undergraduate engineering students at several faculties in Universiti Teknikal

    Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) to find out their entrepreneurial intention. The objective of this

    research are to study the factors that influence the UTeM undergraduate engineering

    students intention to become entrepreneurs. Second, to identify the main factor that

    influence the UTeM undergraduate engineering students intention to become

    entrepreneurs. Besides that, this research adopted Theory of Planned Behaviour to test the

    relationship of the factors towards the UTeM undergraduate engineering students

    intention to become entrepreneurs. The research is based on explanatory research which

    is to identify the relationship between independent variable and dependent variable. The

    researcher use quantitative method by conducting a survey through the questionnaire and

    take a sample of 200 undergraduate engineering students as respondents at Universiti

    Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM).

    Key Words: Entrepreneurial Intention, Engineering Student.

  • v

    ABSTRAK

    Aktiviti keusahawanan sentiasa menjadi kepentingan kerajaan kita untuk

    menggalakkan keusahawanan dan usaha baru dalam perniagaan untuk meningkatkan

    pertumbuhan ekonomi negara dan mewujudkan pekerjaan untuk membantu

    menyelesaikan masalah pengangguran. Menurut, Institut Penyelidikan Pendidikan Tinggi

    (IPPTN) pada tahun 2009 menyatakan bahawa punca utama pengangguran bagi graduan

    bidang teknikal dan vokasional adalah kerana kekurangan kemahiran yang mereka

    perolehi dalam pelajaran. Masalah ini berlaku kerana kurangnya pengetahuan tentang

    salah satu daripada tujuh elemen kemahiran generik kemahiran keusahawanan. Oleh itu,

    kajian ini akan dijalankan dalam kalangan pelajar kejuruteraan sarjana muda di

    beberapa fakulti di Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM) untuk mengetahui niat

    keusahawanan mereka. Objektif kajian ini adalah untuk mengkaji faktor-faktor yang

    mempengaruhi niat pelajar kejuruteraan UTeM sarjana muda untuk menjadi usahawan.

    Kedua, untuk mengenal pasti faktor utama yang mempengaruhi niat pelajar kejuruteraan

    UTeM sarjana muda untuk menjadi usahawan. Selain itu, kajian ini diterima pakai Teori

    Perancangan Tingkahlaku untuk menguji hubungan antara faktor-faktor ke arah hasrat

    pelajar kejuruteraan UTeM sarjana muda untuk menjadi usahawan. Kajian ini adalah

    berdasarkan kepada penyelidikan yang maksudnya adalah untuk mengenal pasti

    hubungan antara pembolehubah bebas dan pembolehubah bersandar. Pengkaji

    menggunakan kaedah kuantitatif dengan menjalankan kajian melalui soal selidik dan

    mengambil sampel 200 orang pelajar sarjana muda kejuruteraan sebagai responden di

    Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM).

    Kata Kunci: Niat Keusahawanan, Pelajar Kejuruteraan.

  • vi

    TABLE OF CONTENT

    CHAPTER CONTENT PAGE

    DECLARATION OF ORIGINAL WORK i

    DEDICATION ii

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iii

    ABSTRACT iv

    ABSTRAK v

    TABLE OF CONTENT vi

    LIST OF FIGURES x

    LIST OF TABLES xi

    LIST OF CHART xii

    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS xiii

    LIST OF APPENDIX xiv

    CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

    1.1 Background of the study 1

    1.2 Problem Statement 2

    1.3 Research Questions 3

    1.4 Research Objectives 4

    1.5 Scope and Limitation 4

    1.6 Important of the Research 5

  • vii

    CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

    2.1 Introduction 7

    2.2 Overview of Entrepreneurial Intention 8

    2.3 Overview of Entrepreneurship 10

    2.4 Factors that Encourage Entrepreneurial

    Intention 11

    2.4.1 The Universitys Role in Promoting

    Entrepreneurship 12

    2.4.2 Role Models 13

    2.4.3 The Demographic Characteristics

    & Family Background 14

    2.5 Theoretical Framework 15

    2.6 Hypothesis 16

    CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODS

    3.1 Introduction 17

    3.2 Research Design 18

    3.3 Quantitative Method Research 19

    3.4 Methodological Choice 19

    3.5 Method of Primary and

    Secondary Data Sources 20

    3.6 Location of the Research 20

    3.7 Research Strategy 21

    3.8 Time Horizon 21

    3.9 Reliability 22

    3.10 Development of Questionnaire 22

  • viii

    CHAPTER 4 DATA ANALYSIS AND FINDINGS

    4.1 Introduction 23

    4.2 Demography Analysis 24

    4.2.1 Gender 25

    4.2.2 Age 26

    4.2.3 Race 27

    4.2.4 Education Level 28

    4.2.5 Faculty 29

    4.2.6 Heard About Entrepreneurship 30

    4.2.7 Awareness to Attended

    Course/ Training Entrepreneurial 31

    4.3 Reliability Test 32

    4.4 Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) 33

    4.5 Testing Study Hypothesis with

    Simple Linear Regression 36

    4.6 Correlation Analysis 39

    4.6.1 Analysis the Extent of Factor

    Influence UTeM Undergraduate

    Engineering Students Intention

    to Become Entrepreneurs 41

    4.6.2 Analysis of Element Dependent

    Variables 43

  • ix

    C