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Functional Skills in English (Level 2)

AQA GCSE English Language, Functional Skills in English Preparation for Passing Level 2

Functional Skills in English

Preparation for Passing Level 2

Teaching Resource Pack

Lesson 1 - Starter: Audience, Purpose and Genre Card Sort

4-4-2 Magazine

(football magazine)

teenage Girls

TO INSTRUCT

football fans

an article, The Guide to Lip Gloss in Cosmopolitan Magazine

TO INFORM

TO ENTERTAIN

customers, visitors

a recipe for king prawn Madras

prospective customers

a no smoking sign

TO PERSUADE

an advert for a Vauxhall Insignia (car)

climbing enthusiasts

TO INFORM

TO INFORM

the school newsletter

cooks / chefs

parents, teachers, students

TO ADVISE

a guide to climbing Everest

Lesson 1 - Development: Mini-Texts

Mini-Text 1:

The Best Player on the Planet?

His class is undeniable and his skill unquestioned, but is Lionel Messi really the greatest player ever to set foot on a football pitch?

Ever since his emergence in the colours of Barcelona, Messi has mesmerised fans and terrorised his fellow professionals. Where some players run tirelessly for ninety minutes, scrapping for every touch of the ball that they can, Messi glides effortlessly, almost like a ballerina. Watching Messi, is quite honestly, like a religious experience; not since Maradona has a player picked up the ball, and guided it to the goal with such craft and vision.

However, is that all there is to Messi? And, if it is, can he really be the greatest ever player?

What about Maradona himself? Messis fellow Argentine was a hero to his legion of fans during the 80s and early 90s. However, his drug fuelled binges and erratic behaviour mean, for many, his reputation will always be blackened.

So, what about more contemporary rivals? How about Messis fellow magician from Real Madrid, Cristiano Ronaldo? Bought from Sporting Lisbon by Manchester United for 12.6m in 2004, Ronaldo showed exactly why Fergie has such an eye for talent: hes electric-fast, is physically imposing at over six-feet tall, and scores for fun! And so, when Ronaldo joined Real Madrid for 80 m, the stage was set for one of the greatest confrontations in football. Ever since, El Clasico the nickname given to the epic battles between Barcelona and Real Madrid each season has never been better as the two geniuses of the modern game compete for greatness.

However, the question of who really is the greatest player on Earth remains to be answered.

Mini-Text 2:

How to Make the Perfect Roast Potatoes

There is no finer accompaniment to any Sunday roast than the roast potato. When cooked with skill and care, they are the perfect balance of textures: crunchy on the outside and creamy and soft on the inside. Perfect. My recipe is intended to give you that perfect satisfaction of biting into the most amazing roast potatoes which will give you and your guests the complete Sunday roast experience!

Ingredients:

2kg Maris Piper potatoes

70g Clarified Butter

Pinch of sea salt

Instructions:

1. Pre-heat an oven tray at Gas Mark 6 for approximately 20 minutes

2. Par boil your Maris Piper potatoes for 10 minutes until they are starting to soften.

3. Drain away the water and rattle the potatoes in the pan to roughen the edges (this helps to crispen the edges when cooking.)

4. Remove the tray from the oven.

5. Coat the tray in some generous spoonfuls of clarified butter.

6. Place the potatoes into the tray and turn in the butter so that they are evenly covered.

7. Evenly sprinkle the sea salt.

8. Place into the oven, and do not touch again, for 30-35 minutes.

Mini-Text 3:

Smoking Cessation Leaflet

Quit Smoking and Save Your Life

Latest government research shows that three quarters of smokers would quit if they could. But they cant and thats because they are addicted. That means that little signals are sent from their brain each time they want a cigarette telling them to have one. Theres nothing smokers can do about this its just what happens when you become addicted to cigarettes.

Or is it?

If you want to take control of your life again, keep reading, you dont have to be a slave to cigarettes forever.

Why should you stop smoking? - Jessicas Story

I remember when I was little and my dad used to take me to the shop everyday. He would buy cigarettes in a green and white packet which he said were better because they were minty and didnt smell as bad! He used to buy me candy cigarettes in little tiny boxes for ten pence. All the way home I copied what he was doing with his cigarette and I was just like my dad.

Except I wasnt. When my dads fingers started to turn yellow mine didnt. And when his breath began to smell like an ash tray, mine didnt. Then when he started to cough really violently every morning, I didnt. And one day, when he coughed and there was blood on his tissue, there wasnt on mine. Suddenly, I wasnt like my dad at all. Everything was different.

But the biggest difference of all is the worst. Im here talking to you; my dad is dead.

Lesson 1 - Development: Mini Texts Chart

TEXT 1

The Best Player on the Planet

TEXT 2

How to Make the Perfect Roast Potatoes

TEXT 3

Smoking Cessation Leaflet

How do you know? Give quotation & explain effect.

Purpose

How do you know? Give quotation & explain effect.

Audience

Lesson 1 - Plenary: Audience, Purpose and Genre Cards

Lesson 2 - Starter: Text Purposes Card Sort

a recipe

TO INSTRUCT

a car maintenance manual

TO INFORM

an anti smoking leaflet

TO PERSUADE

a price list for a hotel

TO ENTERTAIN

a leaflet on healthy eating

TO INSTRUCT

a guide to surviving extreme terrain

TO INFORM

a newspaper article called

The 100 Funniest Jokes

TO ADVISE

Lesson 2 - Development: Purposes of Writing

The Purposes of Writing

Look at each of the purposes on the card and then define what each one means.

PURPOSE:

DEFINITION:

to inform

to instruct

to entertain

to persuade

PURPOSE

DEFINITION

to inform

to instruct

to entertain

to persuade

Lesson 2 - Development

Pack it in before it packs you in! - One teenagers advice to teenagers everywhere

Samantha Jones is 17 years old. She is also a survivor of cancer. Yes, thats right. A 17 year old survivor of cancer; the cause: smoking.

This is the harrowing story of a teenager girl who came face to face with the terror of a deadly disease and then found out it was all self-inflicted.

If I had listened to the adverts, taken notice of the posters, it wouldnt have happened to me she reflects.

Where did it all start? Sam grew up in a family of smokers: her mum and dad both smoked over thirty a day and her two elder brothers developed the habit at the age of 11. Sam began smoking at 12; she found a packet of her brothers Marlboros sitting in a drawer in the dining room and helped herself.

That was it. I never knew what it was like not to be a smoker after that. One way or another I managed to get the money from somewhere to buy cigarettes.

However, when Samantha was 15 she noticed she had developed a heavy cough. She thought nothing of it until one morning she noticed blood

on her pillow.

I went running into my mum waving this pillow, I didnt know what had happened! Soon after that, Samantha was referred to the local hospital for tests.

We went back on a Tuesday lunchtime, I remember it so well. Id never felt so sick walking to that appointment. And Samantha had every reason to be concerned at things turned out.

With her mother clasping her hand tightly, the Consultant broke the news, there is a tumour growing on one of your lungs. Sam remembers the feeling of devastation clearly.

Cancer? Im too young, I though! The Consultant said anyone can develop a cancer. Indeed, one of the great myths surrounding diseases like lung cancer is that they are suffered only by life-long, ageing smokers.

As Samantha discovered, this was untrue.

My mind went blank. I didnt even hear my mum crying beside me. I could see her hand clenching mine but I couldnt feel anything. I was just numb.

What did this mean?

What was happening to me?

Over the next six months, Samantha endured a gruelling course of treatment to combat the cancer.

I had chemotherapy, radiotherapy, everything they could possibly give me to make this thing go away. It was the most painful and horrifying six months of my life.

Samanthas hair fell out, she endured prolonged bouts of vomiting and now

describes that period as like having the worst jet lag you could ever have plus agonising pain!

Samantha was lucky. Tests shows that her treatment had been successful and the cancer had receded.

Samantha remembers the day she was given the all clear, I felt like my life had been saved and Id been given another chance.

Indeed she had and she also made one key change, I gave up the cigarettes for good! I knew I had to pack them in before they packed me in!

__________________________________________________________________________________

Lesson 2 - Development: Understanding