pakistan climate and geography in turkish

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Shahid FAROOQ TOKAT 2014

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Page 1: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Shahid FAROOQ

TOKAT 2014

Page 2: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

*Resmi Adı :

islami Cumhuriyah-yi Pākistān

*Kuruluş tarihi

*14 Ağustos 1947

*Alan :

796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi)

alan bakımından dünyanın en

büyük 36. ülkesidir 95% Muslims

5% Christian, hindu and

other religions

Page 3: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

*Başkent : Islamabad

*Cumhurbaşkanı : Mamnoon Hussain

*Başbakan : Nawaz Sharif

*Nüfus : 179.2 million (2012)

*Resmi dili:

Urdu (Milli),

English (Resmi)

*Hükümet :

*Parlamenter cumhuriyet

Page 4: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish
Page 5: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Konum ve Coğrafya

Page 6: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

İklim

Page 7: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish
Page 8: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish
Page 9: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Pakistan is divided into three (3) major geographic areas

The Northern Highlands

The Indus River Plain

The Baluchistan Plateau

Page 10: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

The Northern Highlands

*Some of the world’s highest

peaks

*The northern highlands

contain the Karakoram,

Hindu Kush and Pemir

mountains

*5, 8000m plus peaks in

Pakistan out of 14 in the

world

Page 11: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish
Page 12: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

*The 1,609 km (1,000 mi)

*Ziraat var

*Su ve tuzlu stresi

Page 13: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish
Page 14: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Cultivated And Irrigated Area

Page 15: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish
Page 16: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish
Page 17: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish
Page 18: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Festivaller

Bağımsızlık günü– 14 Aug Ulusal Günü– 23 Mart

Page 19: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish
Page 20: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish
Page 21: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Agriculture Universities in Pakistan

• University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (UAF)

• Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan

• Balochistan Agriculture College Quetta

• Faculty of Agriculture, Gomal University D.I. Khan

• Islamia University, Bahawalpur

• University of Agriculture, Peshawar

• Lasbella University of Agriculture

• PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi,

• Sindh Agriculture University Sindh

• University College of Agriculture, Rawlakot

• Dera Ghazi Khan College of Agriculture

• University of Karachi , Karachi

• University of Poonch Rawlakot, Azad Kashmir

• University of Sargodha

• University of the Punjab, Lahore

• COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Vehari, Pakistan

• Riaz Hussain Jamali Agriculture University

Page 22: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Merged within Agronomy Discipline

Faculty of Crop Protection The

University of Agriculture Peshawar

Weed Science Society of Pakistan

Allelopathy for weed control and to combat

abiotic stresses especially drought

Herbicide resistance

Page 23: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish
Page 24: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

No. Weed Species Family Crops

Wheat Maize Rice Tobacco Veg. Trees

1.

Acorus calamus Araceae - - + - - -

2.

Alliaria petiolata Cruciferae + - - - - -

3.

Amaranthus viridis Amaranthaceae - + - - + -

4.

Anagallis arvensis Primulaceae + - + + + -

5.

Argemone mexicana Solanaceae + - - - - -

6.

Artemisia absinthium Asteraceae + _ - - + -

7.

A. scoparia Asteraceae + - - - - -

8.

Avena fatua Poaceae ++ - + - + -

9.

Bidens tripartite Asteraceae - - + - - -

10.

B. pilosa Asteraceae + - - - + -

11.

Boerhaavia diffusa Nyctaginaceae + - - - + -

12.

Cannabis sativa Cannabinaceae + - - - - -

13.

Cardus acanthoides Asteraceae + - - - - -

14.

Carthamus lanatus Asteraceae + - - - - -

15.

Chenopodium ambrosoides Chenopodiaceae + + _ _ _ -

16.

C. album Chenopodiaceae - + + + + -

Page 25: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

17.

Cichorium intybus Asteraceae + - - - - -

18.

Commelina benghalensis Commelinaceae - ++ - - + -

19.

Convolvulus arvensis Convolvulaceae - ++ - + + -

20.

Capsella bursa-pastoris Cruciferae + - - - - -

21.

Cuscuta reflexa Cuscutaceae - - - + - +

22.

Datura stramonium Solanaceae + _ _ _ _ -

23.

Digitaria saguinalis Poaceae + - - + + -

24.

Digitaria sp Poaceae - ++ + + + -

25.

Echinochloa colonum Poaceae + + - _ _ -

26.

Elusine indica Poaceae + + + - + -

27.

Euphorbia helioscopia Euphorbiaceae + _- - - + -

28.

E. hirta Euphorbiaceae + - - - + -

29.

Fumaria indica Fumariaceae + - - - + -

30.

Galinsoga parviflora Asteraceae + - - - - -

31.

Galium aparine Rubiaceae + - - - - -

32.

Ipomoea alba Convolvulaceae _ ++ _ _ _ -

Page 26: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

33. Impereta cylindrical Poaceae - + + - - -

34. Lactuca serriola Asteraceae + - - - - -

35. Lantana camara Verbenaceae + + - - - -

36. Malva neglecta Malvaceae + - - - - -

37. Malvastrum sp Malvaceae + + - - - -

38. Medicago dendiculata Papilionaceae + - - - + -

39. Oenthera rosea Onagraceae + + - - - -

40. Orobanche cernua Orobanchaceae - - - ++ - -

41. Oxalis corniculata Oxalidaceae + + + + + -

42. Panicum repens Poaceae - + - - - -

43. Parthenium hysterophorus Asteraceae + - - - - -

44. Paspalum distichum Poaceae _ + - - - -

45. Portulaca oleracea Portulacaceae - - - - + -

46. Ranunculus muricatua Ranunculaceae + + + - + -

47. R. scleratus Ranunculaceae _ + + - - -

48. Solanum nigrum Solanaceae - + - - + -

Page 27: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

49. Sonchus oleraceus Asteraceae + - - - - -

50. S. arvensis Asteraceae + - - - - -

51.

Sorghum halepense Poaceae - + - - - -

52. Stellaria media Caryophyllaceae ++ - - - + -

53.

Taraxacum officinale Asteraceae ++ + - _ -

54. Trifolium repens Papilionaceae + - - - + -

55. Tulipa stellata Liliaceae ++ - - - - -

56.

Xanthium strumarium Asteraceae - + - - - -

57. Verbena officinalis Verbenaceae + - - - - -

58. Viscum album Loranthaceae - - - - - +

59. Veronica arvensis Scrophulariacea - + - _ _ -

Page 28: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Convulvulus arvensis

Field Bind weed

Melilotus alba

White sweet clover

Cyperus iria

Flate Sedge

Polygonium plebejum

Prostate Knot weed

Page 29: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Trianthema portuclacastrum

Horse pursalane

Euphorbia prostrata

Spurge

Digitaria sanguinalis

Crab Grass

Cyperus esculentus

Yellow nut sedge

Page 30: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Dactyloctenum aegyptium

Crowfoot

Echinochloa crus

Barnyard Grass

Euphorbia granulate

Garden spurge

Digera muricata

False amaranth

Page 31: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Fimbristylis dichotoma

Hoora Ghass

Amaranthus virdis

Slender Amaranth

Seteria virdis

Green Foxtail

Sorghum helepense

Johnson Grass

Page 32: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Chenopodium album

Lambs quarter

Paspalum distichum

Water grass

Tribulus terrestris

Puncture Clover

Cyperus rotundus

Purple nut sedge

Page 33: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Previous Work And Research Interests

*Mitigating terminal drought in wheat through seed enhancement

techniques (Master‟s Thesis).

*Optimizing row spacing in different wheat genotypes differing in

tilllerring potential

*Eco friendly weed control in maize using lower doses of

herbicides tank mixed with allelopathic crop water extraxts

*Improving rice productivity with balanced boron nutrition

*Improving drought tolerance of maize by Potassium application

(Research Interests)

*Abiyotik stresler (su, tuz, soğuk ve ısı stres)

*Allelopati

*invaziv bitkiler

*Bitki besleme

Page 34: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Önceki çalışmalar Research papers published in Journals

Sr. # Title Journal Year

1 M. Hussain, W. Bashir, S. Farooq and A. Rehim

“Effect of drought stress on root system, allometry and

productivity of maize hybrids sown by varying method”

Int. J. Agric.

Biol. 2013

2 M. A. Shah, A. Manaf, M. Hussain, S. Farooq and M. Z.U. Hye

“Sulphur fertilization improves the sesame productivity and

economic returns under rainfed conditions”

Int. J. Agric.

Biol. 2013

3 M. Hussain, Z. Mahmood, M.B. Khan, S.Farooq, D.J. Lee and M. Farooq.

“Narrow row spacing ensures higher productivity of low tillering

wheat cultivars”

Int. J. Agric.

Biol. 2012

4 M.B. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Hussain, K. Jabran, S. Farooq and M. Waqas-ul-

Haq.

“Allelopathic plant water extracts tank mixed with reduced doses

of atrazine efficiently control Trianthema portulacastrum L. in

Zea mays L.”

The J. Anim.

Plant Sci. IF 2012

5 M. Hussain, M.A. Khan, M.B. Khan, M. Farooq and S. Farooq.

“Boron application improves growth, yield and net economic

returns of rice”

Rice Science 2012

6 M. Hussain, G. Shabir, M. Farooq, K. Jabran and S. Farooq.

“Development and phonological responses of wheat to sowing

dates”

Pak. J. Agri. Sci. 2012

Page 35: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Konferanslar Makaleler Sr. # Title Conference / Seminar

1 S. Farooq, M.B. Khan and M. Hussain

“Field appraisal of newly evolved divergent wheat

cultivars under agro-climatic conditions of District

Khanewal’

Proceedings of National Conference on

„Prospects and Opportunities for Agricultural

Development in Pakistan‟ June 25-27,

Khanispur, Ayubia, Pakistan

2 S. Farooq, F. Din, S. Ali and A.B. Nazeer

“Evaluating different ground cover systems for higher

water use efficiency in fine rice”

Proceedings of National Conference on

“Agriculture under arid environments”

Bahauddin Zakariya University, Sub- Campus

Layyah 25-26 March, 2013

3 S. Farooq, M.B. Khan and M. Hussain

“Seed priming with CaCl2 improves germination, stand

establishment and net economic returns of wheat

under terminal drought”

Proceedings of National Conference on

“Agriculture under arid environments”

Bahauddin Zakariya University, Sub- Campus

Layyah 25-26 March, 2013

4 M. Hussain, W. Bashir, M.B. Khan and S. Farooq “Ridge sowing ensures higher productivity of maize hybrids under drought at tasseling”

Proceeding of International Conference on

“Crop management under changing climate”

11-13 February 2013. University of Agriculture

Faisalabad.

5 M.B. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Hussain, S. Farooq and M.

Waqas-ul-Haq

“Tank mixing of allelopathic crop water extracts with

reduced doses of herbicide for weeds control in

maize”

Proceedings of the 1st international seminar on

crop management issues and options; 1-2 June

2011. University of Agriculture Faisalabad.

6 M.B. Khan, M.A.B. Zia, M. Hussain, S. Farooq and G.

Shabir.

“Optimizing row spacing for different wheat

genotypes”

Proceedings of the 1st international seminar on

crop management issues and options; 1-2 June

2011. University of Agriculture Faisalabad.

7 M.B. Khan, M. Ahmad, M. Hussain, K. Jabran, S.

Farooq and M. Waqas-ul-Haq

“Allelopathic plant water extracts tank mixed with

reduced doses of atrazine efficiently control weeds in

maize (Zea mays L.)”

Proceedings of International conference on

“Prospects and challenges to sustainable

agriculture”. 14-16 July 2011 AJ & K University

Rawlakot.

Page 36: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish

Maruz Makaleler

Sr # Title Journal

1 S.Farooq, M. Shahid, M.B. Khan, M. Farooq and M. Hussain.

“Husbandry practices improve the germination, growth and economic

returns under terminal drought”

J. Agron. Crop Sci.

2 M. Hussain, A. Latif, M.B. khan, M. Farooq, S. Farooq and S. Fareed

“Root development, allometry and productivity of maize hybrids

under drought stress”

Chil. J. Agric Res.

3 M. Hussain, N. Ahmad, M.B.Khan, S. Farooq and M. Shahzad.

“Potassium application improves maize productivity under drought

stress”

J. Agron. Crop Sci.

4 M.B. Khan, A. Raza, S. Farooq, K. Jabran and M. Hussain

“Seed Priming with CaCl2 and Ridge Planting Improves Drought

Tolerance of Maize”

Pak. J. Agric. Sci.

5 S.Farooq, M.B. Khan, M. Shahid, K. Jabran and M. Hussain

“Seed priming combined with narrow row spacing can improve

drought tolerance of bread wheat”

Int. J. Agric Biol

Page 37: Pakistan Climate and Geography in Turkish