pamban bridge - · pdf fileand pamban bridge over creek of rameshwaram to pamban construction...
Post on 16-Mar-2018
Embed Size (px)
Pamban Bridge 1
Pamban Road and Rail BridgeOfficial name Annai Indira Gandhi Bridge
Carries 2 lanes of road traffic
Crosses Palk Strait
Locale Rameshwaram, Tamilnadu, India
Coordinates 91656.70N 791120.1212E
The Pamban Bridge (Tamil: ) is a cantilever bridge on the Palk Strait connects Rameswaram onPamban Island to mainland India. It refers to both the road bridge and the cantilever railway bridge, though primarilyit means the latter. It was India's first sea bridge. It is the second longest sea bridge in India (after Bandra-Worli SeaLink) at a length of about 2.3km.
The railway bridge is 6,776ft (2,065m)
and was opened for traffic in 1914. Therailroad bridge is a still-functioningdouble-leaf bascule bridge section that canbe raised to let ships pass under the bridge.
The railway bridge historically carriedmetre-gauge trains on it, but IndianRailways upgraded the bridge to carrybroad-gauge trains in a project that finishedAug. 12, 2007. Until recently, the twoleaves of the bridge were opened manuallyusing levers by workers. About 10 ships cargo carriers, coast guard ships, fishingvessels and oil tankers pass through thebridge every month. From the elevated
two-lane road bridge, adjoining islands and the parallel rail bridge below can be viewed.
Pamban Bridge 2
As per chronicles of Kutch Gurjar Kshatriyacommunity, mentioned in their books, Theerection and construction of Pamban Bridgewas done by Mistri Manji Daya Wegad withLakhu Devji Vegad both of Anjar, VarjangHirji of Nagalpar and Gangji Narayan ofKhedoi. Together built the Railway linesand Pamban Bridge over creek ofRameshwaram to Pamban construction ofwhich they started in year 1887 andcompleted sometime in 1912 for SouthIndian Railway. While working on PambanBridge the Mistris Lakhu Devji Vegad ofAnjar and Gangji Narayan of Khedoi alsobuilt famous Temple of Neel-Mandir havingseven domes at Rameshwaram, constructionwhich, they started in 1899 and completed in about five years by 1905. After completion of bridge metre-gauge lineswere laid by them from Mandapam up to Pamban Station, from here the railway lines bifurcated into two directionsone towards Rameshwaram about 6.25 miles (10.06km) up and another branch line of 15 miles (24km) terminatingat Dhanushkodi. The section was opened to traffic in 1914.
The noted boat mail ran on this track between 1915 and 1964 from Madras-Egmore up to Dhanushkodi, from wherethe passengers were ferried to Talaimannar in Ceylon. The metre-gauge branch line from Pamban Junction toDhanushkodi was abandoned after it was destroyed in a cyclone in 1964.
According to Dr Narayanan, the bridge is located at the "world's second highly corrosive environment", next toMiami, US, making the construction a challenging job. The location is also a cyclone-prone high wind velocityzone. This Bridge consist of 143 piers and the centre span is a Schrezers rolling type lift span. It's 220ft (67m)long and each of 100 tonnes.
Rail Bridge from India Mainland to Rameshwaram
The bridge spans a 2km-straight betweenmainland and island and is the only surfacetransport link between the two. Themainland end of the bridge is located at91656.70N 791120.1212E.
Pamban Bridge 3
This bridge, constructed by the Indians over a hundred years ago and still in goodcondition, is a marvel of engineering. Until recently, the bridge formed Pamban
island's only link with the Indian mainland. Thousands of Hindu pilgrims onpilgrimage to the holy Hindu shrine of Rameswaram cross the bridge every day.
Rumours about the Bridge
There are rumours floating around regardingan incident that supposedly happened on thebridge. One version is reproduced below.The Pamban Bridge is situated in TamilNadu, India. At the entrance of the bridgeyou can see a picture of a weeping manholding some human body parts close to hischest.This bridge was built during the British rulein India and it was constructed in such away that the center portion of the bridgecould be lifted with the help of huge wheels,so that ships could easily pass under thebridge. On the bridge, roads and rail tracksare laid for trains and other vehicles topass...A middle aged man was appointed to roll the wheels up and down when ships arrive. Once he saw a train slowlyapproaching, while he was pulling back the bridge after a ship quietly passed beneath. He had to pull back quickly orelse there would be a fatal accident and thousands would have died.At that time his 9 year old son came with lunch. When he saw his father struggling with the wheels, he kept thelunch box down and started helping him to roll the wheels to put the bridge back. Suddenly his son's finger gotcaught inside the wheel and he started crying out. At this time if the father tries to save his son, the bridge could notbe put back on time. He had no other option but to ignore his son's cry. With all his strength he kept on rolling thewheels to down the bridge. As the wheels rolled on, his son slowly started slipping away into the huge machine.Tears rolled down his father's cheeks, but he ignored his son's cry. If he tried to save him, the train will surely fallinto the sea and thousands of people will die. Slowly the boy's whole body fell into the machine and his father couldhear his bones breaking one by one, until with a loud sound, his head cracked.The train with thousands of passengers slowly rolled on the rails, without knowing what had happened there.Though this man performed his duty honestly he lost his only loving son. With extreme lamentation, he pulled outhis son's body parts from the machine and held it close to his chest and cried bitterly.British Government honored him greatly and in memory of this incident they placed the picture at the entrance of thebridge.
}}This story is highly scattered all around the internet although at various forum discussions it has been seen that theabove story is just story. The bridge requires twelve people, six on each side, to manually operate its movingsections. Also, there is no such picture at the entrance of the bridge. And neither is this story known to locals asfact or hearsay from previous generations. The story seems to have been entirely manufactured on the internet and tofeel some pride in being honest towards work. The earliest known version of the story appears as Christian story.The story attempts to draw a parallel between the father's alleged sacrifice of his son, and the sacrifice of the God insending his son Jesus down to Earth. The story itself, created in 2003, was not original, and was based on anaward-winning 2003 Czech film, Most.
Pamban Bridge 4
References The Hindu Business Line : Pamban Bridge to be pulled down for gauge conversion (http:/ / www. thehindubusinessline. com/ 2003/ 11/ 21/
stories/ 2003112101991700. htm) Nanji Bapa ni Nondh-pothi published in Gujarati in year 1999 from Vadodara.It is a diary of Railway Contracts done by Mistris of Kutch
noted by Nanji Govindji Tank of Jamshedpur, complied by Dharsibhai Jethalal Tank. (This book was given Aank Sidhhi award by KutchShakti at Mumbai in year 2000.) Pamban Bridge Contractors: Built by Manji Daya Vegad & Lakhu Devji Vegad of Anjar & Gangji Naray