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UNIT 2 PAST SIMPLE UNIT 2 PAST SIMPLE

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Page 1: Past simple  tense

UNIT 2 – PAST SIMPLEUNIT 2 – PAST SIMPLE

Page 2: Past simple  tense
Page 3: Past simple  tense

PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)

¿Cómo contamos una historia ?

Debemos conjugar los verbos en el tiempo pasado.

Veamos entonces los tipos de verbos que existen y

cómo los conjugamos.

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA AFIRMATIVA

Hay dos grandes tipos de verbos en Inglés:

� Verbos regulares -> regular verbs� Verbos irregulares -> irregular verbs

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA AFIRMATIVA

REGULAR VERBS:

Estos verbos siguen la siguiente regla:Estos verbos siguen la siguiente regla:Agregamos d/ed/ied al infinitivo:

work – workedlike - likedcopy - copied

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA AFIRMATIVA

EXAMPLES

We worked in class last week.

Paola liked the cake.

Mario copied the lesson.

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA AFIRMATIVA

IRREGULAR VERBS

No siguen una regla, debemos consultar el listado de verbos irregulares.

go – wentwrite – wrotesing - sang

Page 8: Past simple  tense

PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA AFIRMATIVA

EXAMPLES

We went to the cinema last weekend.

Pablo Neruda wrote many poems.

Michael Jackson sang pop music.

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA NEGATIVA

Para escribir en la forma negativa usamos la siguiente estructura:

verbo auxiliar DID + not + verbo principal *

el pasado del verbo DO

(* Con verbos regulares e irregulares )

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA NEGATIVA

EXAMPLESDid not =

didn’t

*Regular verbs:

We did not (didn’t) work in class.Paola did not (didn’t) like the cake.

Mario did not (didn’t )copy the lesson.

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA NEGATIVA

EXAMPLES

*Irregular verbs:

Did not = didn ’t

*Irregular verbs:

We did not (didn’t) go to the theatre last weekend.

Pablo Neruda did not (didn’t) write songs.

Michael Jackson did not (didn’t) sing tango.

didn ’t

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NOTE: MICHAEL JACKSON DIDN’T DANCE TANGO. HE DANCED POP MUSIC.

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA INTERROGATIVA

�Hay dos tipos de preguntas:

� Yes / No questions -> para afirmar o negar

� Wh-questions -> para solicitar información

Page 14: Past simple  tense

PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA INTERROGATIVA

� Yes- no questions:

Seguimos la estructura siguiente:

Verbo auxiliar did + sujeto + verbo principal (+ resto) ?

Y contestamos así:Yes, (Pronoun) didNo, (Pronoun) did not (didn’t)

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)FORMA INTERROGATIVA

Examples : Did you like music? Yes, I did

No, I didn’tNo, I didn’t

Did The Beatles sing? Yes, they did

Did we study hard? Yes, we did

No, we didn’t

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)

FORMA INTERROGATIVA

Wh-questions:

What did you do? I listened to music.

Where did you go? I went to the park.

When did you watch TV? In the afternoon.

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE

(TIEMPO PASADO SIMPLE)

Recuerda : Recuerda :

El verbo siempre va en infinitivo cuando está el auxiliar

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EXERCISES

�Say and write the verb in the correct form:

�1. I ... (walk) home.�2. We ....(study) the lesson.�2. We ....(study) the lesson.�3. She .... (listen) to music.�4. They .... (paint) the room.�5. He .... (live) in Paris.

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EXERCISES

o Say and write the negative forms:

�1 . He liked pizza and chips.�2. She drank a coke in class.�2. She drank a coke in class.�3. I got up at 9 p.m.�4. They went to the cinema last night.�5. The girl spoke English.

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EXERCISES

�Answer the questions:

�1. Did you have lunch?�2. Did you work today?�2. Did you work today?�3. Where did you study?�4. What time did you get up?�5. When did you play computer games?

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE - VERB TO BE

� El verbo ser / estar es un verbo Irregular.� No necesita auxiliares.� El pasado simple tiene dos formas.��

� Usamos una u otra forma según el pronombre:

� I – HE – SHE �------ WAS

� WE – YOU – THEY �----- WERE

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PAST SIMPLE TENSE - VERB TO BE

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EXAMPLES

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.Bill Clinton was a President. The Bee Gees were famous.

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� Material preparado por:

Alicia OcampoProf. en InglésProf. en InglésAño 2012