past simple vs past continuous 4 eso

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  • 1. The Simple Past Tense Yesterday I went for a swim.

2. Affirmative: The past tense of regular verbs is formed by adding dor edto the base form of the verb. I work edin a shop last year, I live din a big house when I was younger. PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR VERBS I work ed hard last weekend 3. ED Formation - We add -ed at the end of the verb: Walk -> walked - If the verb ends in e, we only add -d: Live -> lived - When the verb ends in consonant+vowel+consonant we double the last consonant: Stop -> stopped - When the verb ends in consonant+y, we remove the y and add -ied: Study -> studied 4. Simple Past Tense : Irregular verbs

  • Affirmative:
  • Irregular past verb forms must be learned because they dont follow any rule:
  • Gowent
  • Comecame
  • Buybought
  • Drinkdrank
  • Eatate
  • Findfound
  • See saw

I went to Paris last July 5. PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR and IRREGULAR VERBS Negative: Usedid not ordidnt + a base form verbto make the past simple tense negative. I didnt work last summer Ididnt livein a flat during my last Summer holidays. Ididnt goto Berlin last July 6.

  • Interrogative:
  • Usedid+ subject + a base form verb to make the past simple interrogative.Didyou play sport last Summer?

Didyou travel by boat last holidays? Yes, I did. Didyou see any dolphins? No I didnt. PAST SIMPLE TENSE: REGULAR and IRREGULAR VERBS 7. Past simple tense:Affirmative Regular verbs Negative Questions Short answerShort answer I work ed . Ididn'twork. DidI work? Yes, I did. No, I didn't. He work ed . Hedidn'twork. Didhe work ? Yes, he did. No, he didn't. She work ed . Shedidn'twork. Didshe work? Yes, she did. No, she didn't. It work ed . Itdidn'twork. Didit work? Yes, it did. No, it didn't. You work ed . Youdidn'twork. Didyou work? Yes you did. No, you didn't. We work ed . Wedidn'twork. Didwe work? Yes we did. No, we didn't. They work ed . Theydidn'twork. Didthey work? Yes they did. No,they didn't. 8. 1.T o talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You state when it happened using atime adver b(yesterday,last Mont.): Last year I took my exams .2.It can be used to describe events that happened over a period of time in the past but not now : "I lived inAsiafor two years." 3. Itis also used to talk about habitual or repeated actions that took place in the past : " When I was a child we always went to the seaside on bank holidays." The Simple Past Tense is used 9.

  • Time expressions:
  • Yesterday, last month, last year, last time, ago, in ...

The Simple Past Tense My friends travelled to Saudi Arabia two years ago 10. Past continuoustense The farmer was working at 6 oclock yesterday evening 11. Past continuoustense AFFIRMATIVE: Play was He She It were You WeThey play ing was I 12. Past continuoustense Was the teacher explaining grammar at school last Monday? No, she wasnt. She was explaining Geography. 13. Past continuoustense INTERROGATIVE: Play NEGATIVE: Play was were was he she it you we they play ing ? I He She It You WeThey I was not wasnt were not werent play ing Was not Wasnt 14. Uses of the past continuous 1-W e use the past continuous tense to describe a past action over a period of time" Whatwere theydoingyesterdayat 8 0clock ?""Theywere workingall day. 15. This timeyesterday the hairdresserwasworking 2- We use the past continuous to say that somebody was in the middle of doing something at a certain time. 16. 3- Past simple and past continuous are used together when something happened in the middle of something else The policemanbrokehis ankle while hewas runningafter the dog 17.

  • Past continuous (in the middle of an action)
  • I was walkinghome when I met Dave. (in the middle of walking home)
  • Annwas watchingtelevis i on when the phone rang.
  • Past simple (complete action)
  • Iwalkedhome after the party last night.
  • Annwatchedtelevison a lot when she was ill last year

Compare the past continuous (I was doing) and past simple (I did): 18. Past continuoustense

  • Time expressions:
  • While, as, when.

While the band was playing a mobile phone rang