phau thuat nang nguc noi soi cho vong nguc quyen ru chet nguoi

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Phau Thuat Nang Nguc Noi Soi Cho Vong Nguc Quyen Ru Chet Nguoi

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Duyt Bch khoa ton th

Bnh bch cu Phu Thut Nng Ngc Ni Soi - Vng 1 nng bng lymphoblastic cp tnh (ALL) l mt bnh ung th pht trin nhanh chng ca mt loi t bo mu trng gi l lymphoblasts. Nhng t bo ny thng c tm thy trong ty xng.

ALL xy ra khi c th sn xut mt s lng ln cc lymphoblasts cha trng thnh. Cc t bo ung th pht trin nhanh chng v thay th cc t bo bnh thng trong ty xng. Ty xng l m mm trung tm ca xng gip hnh thnh cc t bo mu. ALL ngn chn cc t bo mu khe mnh t ang c thc hin. Triu chng e da tnh mng c th xy ra khi lng t bo mu bnh thng th.

Nguyn nhn

Hu ht thi gian, khng c nguyn nhn r rng c th c tm thy cho ALL. Nhng sau y c th ng mt vai tr trong s pht trin ca bnh bch cu ni chung:

Mt s vn v nhim sc th

Tip xc vi bc x, bao gm c x-quang trc khi sinh

iu tr trong qu kh vi ha tr liu thuc

Nhn c cy ghp ty xng

c t , chng hn nh benzene

Vic lm tng nguy c ALL sau:

Hi chng Down hoc cc ri lon di truyn khc

Mt ngi anh hoc ch em b bnh bch cu

y l loi bnh bch cu thng nh hng n tr em tui t 3 n 7. ALL l loi ung th ph bin nht tr em, nhng n cng c th xy ra ngi ln.

Cc triu chng

ALL lm cho ngi c nhiu kh nng b chy mu v b nhim trng. Cc triu chng bao gm:

Xng v au khp

D b bm tm v chy mu (chng hn nh chy mu nu rng, chy mu da, chy mu cam, thi k bt thng)

Cm thy yu hoc mt mi

Cn st

Mt cm gic ngon ming v gim cn

Ti xanh

au hoc cm gic y bng di xng sn

Xc nh cc m trn da (xut huyt)

Cc tuyn b sng ( sng hch ) c, di cnh tay, v bn

m hi m

Nhng triu chng ny c th xy ra vi cc iu kin khc. Ni chuyn vi bc s v ngha ca cc triu chng c th.

K thi v xt nghim

Mt k thi vt l c th tit l nhng iu sau y:

Bm tm

Gan sng , hch bch huyt, l lch

Cc du hiu ca chy mu (xut huyt, ban xut huyt )

Xt nghim mu c th bao gm:

Ton b s mu (CBC), bao gm c t bo mu trng (WBC) count

S lng tiu cu

Ty xng kht vng v sinh thit

Tht lng m thng (tap sng) kim tra cc t bo bch cu trong dch no ty

Xt nghim Phu Thut Nng Ngc Ni Soi - Vng 1 nng bng cng c thc hin tm nhng thay i trong DNA bn trong cc t bo mu trng bt thng. Mt s thay i trong DNA c th xc nh nh th no mt bnh nhn no (tin lng), v loi iu tr c ngh.

iu tr

Mc tiu u tin ca iu tr l c c cng thc mu tr li bnh thng. Nu iu ny xy ra v ty xng trng khe mnh di knh hin vi, cc bnh ung th c cho l thuyn gim hon ton.

Ha tr l iu tr u tin c gng vi mc tiu t c thuyn gim hon ton.

Con ngi c th cn li bnh vin ha tr. Hoc n c th c a ra ti mt phng khm v bnh nhn i nh sau .

Ha tr c a vo tnh mch (do IV) v i khi bn cnh ct sng v no.

Sau khi t c thuyn gim hon ton ban u, iu tr nhiu hn l cn thit c cha khi. Cch iu tr ny c th bao gm ha tr nhiu hn hoc bc x n no . Stem cell hoc ghp ty xng t mt ngi khc cng c th c thc hin. Tip tc iu tr ph thuc vo:

Tui tc v sc khe ca ngi

Nhng thay i di truyn trong t bo bch cu

Lm th no nhiu kha hc ca ha tr n t c thuyn gim

Nu cc t bo bt thng vn c pht hin di knh hin vi

Sn c ca cc nh ti tr cho cy ghp t bo gc

Nhm h tr

Bn c th gim bt s cng thng ca bnh bng cch tham gia mt nhm h tr bnh ung th . Chia s vi nhng ngi c kinh nghim v cc vn thng gp c th gip bn khng cm thy c n.

Outlook (Tin lng)

Nhng ngi p ng vi iu tr ngay lp tc c xu hng lm tt hn. Hu ht tr em vi ALL c th c cha khi. Tr em thng c mt kt qu tt hn so vi ngi ln.

Cc bin chng c th xy ra

C hai bnh Phu Thut Nng Ngc Ni Soi - Vng 1 nng bng bch cu bn thn v vic iu tr c th dn n nhiu vn nh chy mu, gim cn, v nhim trng.

Khi n h vi Chuyn vin y t

Gi nh cung cp chm sc sc khe ca bn nu bn hoc con bn pht trin cc triu chng ca ALL.