Phau Thuat Nang Nguc Noi Soi Cho Vong Nguc Quyen Ru Chet Nguoi

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Phau Thuat Nang Nguc Noi Soi Cho Vong Nguc Quyen Ru Chet Nguoi

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<p>Duyt Bch khoa ton th</p> <p>Bnh bch cu Phu Thut Nng Ngc Ni Soi - Vng 1 nng bng lymphoblastic cp tnh (ALL) l mt bnh ung th pht trin nhanh chng ca mt loi t bo mu trng gi l lymphoblasts. Nhng t bo ny thng c tm thy trong ty xng.</p> <p>ALL xy ra khi c th sn xut mt s lng ln cc lymphoblasts cha trng thnh. Cc t bo ung th pht trin nhanh chng v thay th cc t bo bnh thng trong ty xng. Ty xng l m mm trung tm ca xng gip hnh thnh cc t bo mu. ALL ngn chn cc t bo mu khe mnh t ang c thc hin. Triu chng e da tnh mng c th xy ra khi lng t bo mu bnh thng th.</p> <p>Nguyn nhn</p> <p>Hu ht thi gian, khng c nguyn nhn r rng c th c tm thy cho ALL. Nhng sau y c th ng mt vai tr trong s pht trin ca bnh bch cu ni chung:</p> <p>Mt s vn v nhim sc th</p> <p>Tip xc vi bc x, bao gm c x-quang trc khi sinh</p> <p>iu tr trong qu kh vi ha tr liu thuc</p> <p>Nhn c cy ghp ty xng</p> <p>c t , chng hn nh benzene</p> <p>Vic lm tng nguy c ALL sau:</p> <p>Hi chng Down hoc cc ri lon di truyn khc</p> <p>Mt ngi anh hoc ch em b bnh bch cu</p> <p>y l loi bnh bch cu thng nh hng n tr em tui t 3 n 7. ALL l loi ung th ph bin nht tr em, nhng n cng c th xy ra ngi ln.</p> <p>Cc triu chng</p> <p>ALL lm cho ngi c nhiu kh nng b chy mu v b nhim trng. Cc triu chng bao gm:</p> <p>Xng v au khp</p> <p>D b bm tm v chy mu (chng hn nh chy mu nu rng, chy mu da, chy mu cam, thi k bt thng)</p> <p>Cm thy yu hoc mt mi</p> <p>Cn st</p> <p>Mt cm gic ngon ming v gim cn</p> <p>Ti xanh</p> <p>au hoc cm gic y bng di xng sn</p> <p>Xc nh cc m trn da (xut huyt)</p> <p>Cc tuyn b sng ( sng hch ) c, di cnh tay, v bn</p> <p> m hi m</p> <p>Nhng triu chng ny c th xy ra vi cc iu kin khc. Ni chuyn vi bc s v ngha ca cc triu chng c th.</p> <p>K thi v xt nghim</p> <p>Mt k thi vt l c th tit l nhng iu sau y:</p> <p>Bm tm</p> <p>Gan sng , hch bch huyt, l lch</p> <p>Cc du hiu ca chy mu (xut huyt, ban xut huyt )</p> <p>Xt nghim mu c th bao gm:</p> <p>Ton b s mu (CBC), bao gm c t bo mu trng (WBC) count</p> <p>S lng tiu cu</p> <p>Ty xng kht vng v sinh thit</p> <p>Tht lng m thng (tap sng) kim tra cc t bo bch cu trong dch no ty</p> <p>Xt nghim Phu Thut Nng Ngc Ni Soi - Vng 1 nng bng cng c thc hin tm nhng thay i trong DNA bn trong cc t bo mu trng bt thng. Mt s thay i trong DNA c th xc nh nh th no mt bnh nhn no (tin lng), v loi iu tr c ngh.</p> <p>iu tr</p> <p>Mc tiu u tin ca iu tr l c c cng thc mu tr li bnh thng. Nu iu ny xy ra v ty xng trng khe mnh di knh hin vi, cc bnh ung th c cho l thuyn gim hon ton.</p> <p>Ha tr l iu tr u tin c gng vi mc tiu t c thuyn gim hon ton.</p> <p>Con ngi c th cn li bnh vin ha tr. Hoc n c th c a ra ti mt phng khm v bnh nhn i nh sau .</p> <p>Ha tr c a vo tnh mch (do IV) v i khi bn cnh ct sng v no.</p> <p>Sau khi t c thuyn gim hon ton ban u, iu tr nhiu hn l cn thit c cha khi. Cch iu tr ny c th bao gm ha tr nhiu hn hoc bc x n no . Stem cell hoc ghp ty xng t mt ngi khc cng c th c thc hin. Tip tc iu tr ph thuc vo:</p> <p>Tui tc v sc khe ca ngi</p> <p>Nhng thay i di truyn trong t bo bch cu</p> <p>Lm th no nhiu kha hc ca ha tr n t c thuyn gim</p> <p>Nu cc t bo bt thng vn c pht hin di knh hin vi</p> <p>Sn c ca cc nh ti tr cho cy ghp t bo gc</p> <p>Nhm h tr</p> <p>Bn c th gim bt s cng thng ca bnh bng cch tham gia mt nhm h tr bnh ung th . Chia s vi nhng ngi c kinh nghim v cc vn thng gp c th gip bn khng cm thy c n.</p> <p>Outlook (Tin lng)</p> <p>Nhng ngi p ng vi iu tr ngay lp tc c xu hng lm tt hn. Hu ht tr em vi ALL c th c cha khi. Tr em thng c mt kt qu tt hn so vi ngi ln.</p> <p>Cc bin chng c th xy ra</p> <p>C hai bnh Phu Thut Nng Ngc Ni Soi - Vng 1 nng bng bch cu bn thn v vic iu tr c th dn n nhiu vn nh chy mu, gim cn, v nhim trng.</p> <p>Khi n h vi Chuyn vin y t</p> <p>Gi nh cung cp chm sc sc khe ca bn nu bn hoc con bn pht trin cc triu chng ca ALL.</p>