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Page 1: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present PerfectPresent PerfectProgressive TenseProgressive Tense

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Page 2: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Образование Образование Present Present Perfect Progressive TensePerfect Progressive Tense

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Have

Has

+

Present Participle

V + ing

Have/has been playing

Have/has been watching

Have/has been writing

Have/has been painting

Have/has been walking

Have/has been taking

Have/has been running

Have/has been swimming

Have/has been coming

Have/has buying

been+

Page 3: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Действие началось в прошлом и продолжается

в данное время. Оно еще не окончено.

Он ждет вас с 8 часов. He has been waiting for you since 8 o’clock. Она сажает цветы уже два часа. She has been planting home plants for two hours already. Мы летим уже три часа. We have been flying for three hours already. Они живут в лагере уже месяц. They have been living for a month in this camp. Я учу новые слов а с 3 часов. I have been learning the new words since 3 o’clock. Они играют в футбол уже два часа, но счет все еще 0:0. They have been playing football for 2 hours already, but

the score is still 0:0.

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Page 4: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Learn the Grammar RuleLearn the Grammar Rule Мы говорим о действии (достаточно продолжительном), Мы говорим о действии (достаточно продолжительном),

которое началось в прошлом и недавно (или только что) которое началось в прошлом и недавно (или только что) закончилось.закончилось.

Рассмотрите несколько других примеров:Рассмотрите несколько других примеров: - She has been washing her hair, but it may be dry now.- She has been washing her hair, but it may be dry now. - Bill has been dining with us tonight.- Bill has been dining with us tonight. - I’ve just been having such a delightful chat with Margaret.- I’ve just been having such a delightful chat with Margaret. Мы также используем Present PerfectМы также используем Present Perfect Progressive Progressive , ,

чтобы спросить или сообщить о том, как долго что-то чтобы спросить или сообщить о том, как долго что-то длилось. К настоящему моменту действие (ситуация), длилось. К настоящему моменту действие (ситуация), возникшая в прошлом, только что закончилась (или еще возникшая в прошлом, только что закончилась (или еще продолжается).продолжается).

- - I have been writing for more than an hour.I have been writing for more than an hour. - We’ve been staying here nearly a week.- We’ve been staying here nearly a week. - You have been making excuses for him all your life.- You have been making excuses for him all your life.

Можно использовать Present Perfect Можно использовать Present Perfect ProgressiveProgressive с how с how long, for и since для описания периодических действий:long, for и since для описания периодических действий:

- She has been having English lessons since she was five.- She has been having English lessons since she was five. - How long have you been playing tennis?- How long have you been playing tennis?

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Page 5: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Learn the Grammar RuleLearn the Grammar Rule Времена Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous Времена Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous

используются для того, чтобы показать, как давно началось используются для того, чтобы показать, как давно началось некоторое действие.некоторое действие.

- - I have been thinking about it for a long time.I have been thinking about it for a long time. - They have been married for many years.- They have been married for many years. - He has been reading since he came.- He has been reading since he came. Оба времени Present Perfect (I have done) и Present Perfect Оба времени Present Perfect (I have done) и Present Perfect

Continuous (I have been doing) употребляются для выражения Continuous (I have been doing) употребляются для выражения действий, повторяющихся на протяжении определенного действий, повторяющихся на протяжении определенного отрезка времени. отрезка времени.

- She has been playing chess for 10 years.- She has been playing chess for 10 years. - She has played chess for 10 years.- She has played chess for 10 years. Мы используем Present Perfect (I have done) для описания Мы используем Present Perfect (I have done) для описания

ситуаций, которые существуют в течение длительного ситуаций, которые существуют в течение длительного времени(особенно, если употребляется always).Обратите времени(особенно, если употребляется always).Обратите внимание, что ситуация еще сохраняется:внимание, что ситуация еще сохраняется:

- My parents have always lived in this small town.- My parents have always lived in this small town. - He has looked after Miss Gregg for many years now.- He has looked after Miss Gregg for many years now. Для ситуаций, возникших недавно, мы используем Present Для ситуаций, возникших недавно, мы используем Present

Perfect Continuous (I have been doing):Perfect Continuous (I have been doing): - My friend has been staying with us for several days.- My friend has been staying with us for several days. - I have been learning English since September.- I have been learning English since September.

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Page 6: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Since – с каких-то пор I have been reading the newspaper

since the morning. Я читаю газету с самого утра. For – в течение какого-то времени He has been fixing his TV-set for two

hours already. Он уже ремонтирует телевизор в

течение двух часов.

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Употребляй Present Perfect Progressive со следующими предлогами:

Page 7: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Study Some Examples:Study Some Examples: He has been living in the mountains since last He has been living in the mountains since last

springspring.. Has father come home yet? I am not sure. He Has father come home yet? I am not sure. He

has been working in the garden since the has been working in the garden since the morning.morning.

He has already been working at his Power point He has already been working at his Power point presentation for several hours.presentation for several hours.

They have been building the bridge for six They have been building the bridge for six month.month.

He has been doing this work for an hour without He has been doing this work for an hour without any result, because he has never done it before.any result, because he has never done it before.

I think he is cold. He has been swimming for two I think he is cold. He has been swimming for two hours already.hours already.

He has been practicing his violin since the He has been practicing his violin since the morning.morning.

I miss her greatly. She has been traveling for a I miss her greatly. She has been traveling for a year already.year already.

I haven’t seen him lately. He has been living in I haven’t seen him lately. He has been living in Moscow for two months.Moscow for two months.

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Page 8: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Выучи спряжение глаголов в Выучи спряжение глаголов в Present Perfect Progressive Tense:Present Perfect Progressive Tense:

I have been playing football.You have been playing football. He has been playing football.She has been playing football.We have been playing football.You have been playing football. They have been playing football.

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Page 9: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Interrogative Sentences in Present Perfect Progressive

Tense

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I have been reading the book since 1 o’clock.

IHave been reading the book since 1 o’clock ?

Yes, I have

No, I haven’t

Yes, you have

No, you haven’t

Page 10: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Interrogative Sentences in Present Perfect Progressive

Tense

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He has been reading the book since the morning.

heHas been reading the book since the morning ?

Yes, he has

No, he hasn’t

She, it – are used in the same way.

Page 11: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Отрицательная формаОтрицательная формаNegative FormNegative Form

haven’t been doing/hasn’t been doing

I haven’t been going to schoolYou haven’t been going to schoolHe hasn’t been going to schoolShe hasn’t been going to schoolIt hasn’t been going to schoolWe haven’t been going to schoolYou haven’t been going to schoolThey haven’t been going to school

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Page 12: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Have Some Practice

What is Santa Clause Doing?

He is operating the computer.

How long has he been operating the computer?

He has been operating it for two hours already.

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Page 13: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

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What are they doing?

They are dancing.

How long have they been dancing?

They have been dancing since 10 o’clock.

Page 14: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

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The frog is playing the banjo.

The Cockatoo is singing.

The giraffes are dancing.

They have been playing the banjo, singing and dancing for an hour already.

Page 15: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

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What’s he doing?

He is painting the fence.

How long has he

been painting it?

He has been painting it since the morning.

Page 16: Present Perfect Continuous Tense

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What are you doing Dad?

I’m watching a space shuttle, dear.

How long have you been watching it?

I’ve been watching it for two hours already.