project panelea: a cost- effective system development

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ΠΕΡΙΒΑΛΛΟΝΤΙΚΗ ΔΙΑΧΕΙΡΙΣΗ ΣΕ ΟΙΝΟΠΟΙΕΙΑ ΚΑΙ ΕΛΑΙΟΤΡΙΒΕΙΑ - ΤΡΕΧΟΥΣΕΣ ΠΡΟΚΛΗΣΕΙΣ ΚΑΙ ΕΥΚΑΙΡΙΕΣ στο πλαίσιο του προγράμματος LIFE+ “Advanced systems for the enhancement of the environmental performance of WINEries in Cyprus” Παρασκευή, 19 Οκτωβρίου 2012, Hilton Hotel, Λευκωσία Αξιοποίηση παραπροϊόντων ελαιοτριβείων και οινοποιείων Δρ. Χριστάκης Παρασκευά, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Χημικών Μηχανικών, Πανεπιστήμιο Πατρών και ΣμΔΕΠ του ITE/ΙΕΧΜΗ ([email protected] ) Ευχαριστίες: Οι Συγγραφείς ευχαριστούν την Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση για την οικονομική υποστήριξη μέσω του προγράμματος FP7-Regions-2009-1, STInno (245405).

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  • -

    LIFE+ Advanced systems for the enhancement of the

    environmental performance of WINEries in Cyprus

    , 19 2012, Hilton Hotel,

    . , ,

    ,

    ITE/

    ([email protected])

    :

    FP7-Regions-2009-1, STInno (245405).

    mailto:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]:[email protected]

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 2

    . . , . , .. , . , .

    &

    /, &

  • .

    (olive

    mill wastewater- OMW),

    ,

    .

  • ,

    15 .

    .

    1,000

    .

    (BOD

    COD)

    30,000

    .

  • (: 1.5 m3/ /,

    1500 m3// 3-5 )

    /

    ( )

    /

    ()

  • OMW

    ,

    .

    100

    ,

    OMW.

    ,

    :

    , ,

    , .,

    .

  • ,

    .

    OMW

    ( , , , .),

    (, , .).

    , .., ,

    .

    OMW

    , , , .

    , :

    , .

  • OMW : ,

    -

    (1000 lt)

    UF,

    -

    (d>80m)

    (50 lt)

    ~800 lt)

    (150 lt)

    NF/RO -/

    1 !!!

  • OMW : ,

    UF+

    NF/RO.

    .

  • (

    80 m) (g/Kg)

    10

    TOC 676

    4

    22

    650

    Mg /Ca /Na /K 0.4 /4 / 0.1 /8

    2P4- /N3

    - /S42- 8 /20 /2

    2 !!! ()

  • ,

    ,

    (UF)

    (RO)

    -

    =

    . UF

    .

    =

    NF

    .

    Perm

    =

    feed

    RO2

    .

    ,

    % 0.66 0.66 0.67 0.59 1.11 0.01 0.02 0.0

    TSS, g/l 21.5 18.56 46.98 2.36 5.32 0 0.0 0.0

    t-COD, g/l 97.32 92.9 127.19 94.88 156.44 1 9.1 0.2

    d-COD, g/l 85.68 72.24 61.92 77.64 131.32 1 7.56 0.16

    , g/l 28.75 20.51 18.8 24.1 51.827 0.310 3.2 0.1

    ,

    g/l 5.91 5.08 4.16 5.04 10.6 0.1 0..9 0.01

  • OMW

    OMW .

    OMW ( ) .

    -250 0 250 500 750 1000 1250 1500 1750 2000 2250 2500 2750 3000-100

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    70

    80

    90

    100

    110

    Germ

    inatin I

    ndex

    Avena sterilis L.

    Phenolic compounds concentration (mg/l)

    (Avena sativa) L.Gossypium sp L.

    Cucurbita pepo L.

    Settaria sp L.

    Sinapis alba L.

    Triticum aestivum L.

    Sonchus oleraceus L.

    Figure 3.4 Changes of germination index with the concentration of phenolic compounds

    (Zea mays) L.

    3 !!!

    ( )

  • 1.4

    OMW

    :

    OMW

    OMW

    :

    D5: OMW ( )

    0

    200

    400

    600

    800

    1000

    1200

    1400

    1600

    1800

    2000

    2200

    2400

    B

    X3

    X2

    X1Xo

    Me

    an

    le

    af

    are

    a p

    er

    pla

    nt (c

    m)

    Type of treatment

    4 ( )

  • :

    , , OMW.

    (, ).

    :

    D6: , .

  • 2.2

    :

    OMW .

    :

    D7: OMW

    D8: .

  • Fresh OMW

    UF permeate

    for RO feed

    Storage

    tank of

    OMW

    RO Concentrate

    UF feed Solids

    d>100 m

    Ultrafiltration

    Pump

    Prefilter

    Pump

    UF concentrate

    Nutritious fraction

    Nanofiltration or

    Reverse osmosis

    Pump

    Water for

    fertilization

    or discharge

    Phytotoxic fraction

    Nutrient additives

  • : 1000 l/hr ( 1000 t /):

    : 250,000 ( UF RO, -, , ,

    , .). : 10 .

    :

    : UF: 26 kW

    RO: 9 kW

    : 2.97 /hr

    : 14.4 /day, equal to 0.72 /hr

    : 1.52 /hr

    : 1.66 /hr

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    : 7 /hr

    : 250,000 / 10 yr / 1000 hr/yr = 25 /hr

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    : 32 /hr

  • : 50 l/hr

    150 l/hr

    800 l/hr

    , ,

    0.7 /kg 0.1 /l UF ,

    : 5 /hr.

    , (AGRO),

    . 0.7 /l RO

    , 100 /hr.

    , (100+5-32)

    /hr, 73,000 /yr. ,

    5

    20%.

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 19

    1 / 5-6

    1

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 20 10/22/2012

    ) ,

    .

    (..

    )

    )

    )

    )

    ,

    ,

    (, )

    20

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 21

    :

    :

    : 10,000 l/h (50,000 t/yr)

    : 8,000 l/h

    : 20 - 30 C

    : UF: 4 bar, RO: 70 bar max

    : 99.5%

    : 99.99%

    : 99.5%

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 22

    : UF and RO, ,

    , , ,,

    , , , ,

    , , ,

    .

    :

    C1: 1,345,000

    : 10

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 23

    , ,

    , ,

    : 345,000

    , C: 1,859,000

    , IC: 334,620

    ( +

    ): 2,193,620

    , C2: 1,000,000

    1: 3,193,000

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 24

    : : 30,200 /yr

    : 149,700 /yr

    : 329,000 /yr

    : 67,300 /hr

    : 274,000 /yr

    : 144,300 /yr

    ( ), OC: 1,142,900 /yr

    : 392,840 /yr

    2: 1,535,740 /yr

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 25

    50,000 t/yr OMW :

    5% : 2,500 t/yr (100 /t)

    15% : 7,500 t/yr (250 /t)

    : 40,000

    t/yr

    : 40%

    :

    ( ), R: 2,125,000 /yr

    , [T=0.4(R-OC)]: 392,840 /yr

    ,

    (K=R-OC-T): 589,260 /yr

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 26

    ,

    (the rate of return on

    investment), ir, : ir=K/(C+IC)

    K: , C:

    , IC:

    ir = 589,260/( 2,859,000 + 334,620 )100%=18%

    = 5.42

  • - -

    .

    ,

    OMW.

    (

    )

    .

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 28

    :

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 29

    ( acetobacters)

    : 0.4-0.5 g/lt , 0.7 g/lt

    ( 2007)

    ( 2010)

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 30

    -

    1- UF 2- RO

    3- resins

    B A1+ A2 B

    UF, 1

    RO, 2

    &

    ,

    1-UF ,

    RO

    2-RO :

    ,

    ,

    : ,

    , , ,

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 31

    -

    UF

    PH

    (gr/l)

    (CH3COOH)(gr/l)

    % vol

    (gr/l)

    Po ..

    3.48 6.07 1.72 11.85 0.987 0.992 31

    U.F.

    3.51 6.15 1.3 10.5 0.989 0.996 31

    U.F.

    3.54 5.7 1.7 10.75 0.987 0.992 25.8

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 32

    -

    R.O PH

    (gr/l)

    (CH3COOH) (gr/l)

    % vol

    (gr/l)

    Po ..

    U.F.

    3.54 5.7 1.7 10.75 0.987 0.992 25.8

    R.O.

    3.45 14.92 1.2 9.4 1.019 1.018 103.7

    R.O.

    3.7 2.4 1.51 10.4 0.979 0.984 5.1

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 33

    -

    PH

    (gr/l)

    (CH3COOH)

    (gr/l)

    %

    vol

    (gr/l)

    Po ..

    R.O.

    3.7 2.4 1.51 10.4 0.979 0.984 5.1

    3.45 5.65 0.19 9.4 0.981 0.988 7.7

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 34

    -

    PH

    (gr/l)

    (CH3COOH)

    (gr/l)

    %

    vol

    (gr/l)

    Po ..

    3.48 6.07 1.72 11.85 0.987 0.992 31

    3.45 5.65 0.19

    89%

    0.316

    81.5 %

    9.4 0.981 0.988 7.7

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 35

    -

    1- UF 2- RO

    3- resins

    B A1+ A2 B

    UF, 1

    RO, 2

    &

    ,

    x

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 36

    -

    (lt)

    (CH3COOH) (gr/lt)

    29.5 0.29

    12.1 0.336

    16.3 0.26

    16.3 0.078

    (CH3COOH) (gr/lt)

    0.29

    0.18

    (37.9 %)

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 37

    , (~ 1 ppb),

    (~ 30 ppb) ,

    .

    , ,

    -

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 38

    -

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 39

    -

    10 7 8 1 0

    pH 3.64 3.4 3.55 3.58 3.55

    Conductivity

    mS/cm 2.52 0.860 2.4 2.27 0.032

    Turbidity 2 2 0 0 0

    Dissolved

    Oxygen mg/lt 11.17 8.89 8.7 9.38 9.10

    Temperature

    oC 15.6 19.3 20.9 19.2 19.4

    Salinity % 0.12 0.03 0.11 0.11 0.00

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 40

    -

    14-15 %

    ,

    .

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 41

    -

    1

    A

    B A

    B 2

    RO

    1:

    2:

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 42

    -

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5 1:

    RO

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 43

    -

    2.1

    2

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 44

    -

    (C) ml Alcoh, % vol ml % Alc vol% ml % Alc vol%

    75 -800mbar 1500 11.5 1375 91.7 4.9 116 7.7 46.6

    55 1250 11.5 1210 96.8 8.85 40 3.2 50

    25 1250 11.5 - - - - - -

    !!!

    ,

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 45

    -

    RO

    lt 29.5 16.3 12.1

    Alcohol vol % 11.5 9.6 11.4

    pH 3.64 3.45 3.83

    Conductivity ms/cm 2.52 0.381 4.96

    turbidity 2 0 15

    Dissolved Oxygen mg/lt 11.17 5.22 2.91

    Temperature oC 15.6 31.8 49

    Salinity % 0.12 0.01 0.25

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 46

    -

    RO

    (C) ml Alc vol% ml % Alc vol% ml % Alc vol%

    75 250 9.6 170 68 1.55 80 32 22.9

    Lt 1 0.917 1.917

    Vol % alcohol 11.4 1.55 6.69

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 47

    -

    R.O 1.348lt 9.6% alc

    1lt 11.4% alc

    0.917lt 1.55%

    alc

    0.431 lt 22.9% alc

    1.917lt 6.69% alc

    2.438lt

    11.5% alc

  • , ,

    19 2012

    . , .

    & / 48

    H

    , ,

    89%.

    M ,

    .

    22.9%

    6.69% .

    , ,

    .

    ,

    .