survivability profiling

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Lieutenant Eric Cash Waynesboro Fire Department B.S. Nremt-paramedic ccemt-paramedic Vfoa Survivability Profiling

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Page 1: Survivability Profiling

Lieutenant Eric Cash Waynesboro Fire Department

B.S. Nremt-paramedicccemt-paramedic

Vfoa

Survivability Profiling

Page 2: Survivability Profiling

What is Survivability Profiling?Are the victims savable?

The importance of scene size-up

Saving firefighters lives

Steven MarsarCaptain, FDNYDeveloped from research for

Executive Fire Officer projectArticle first debuted in Fire

Engineering December 2009

Page 3: Survivability Profiling

Survivability Profiling

The art of examining a situation and making an intelligent and informed decision based on known events, or circumstances, to determine if civilians can survive existing fire and smoke conditions and to determine whether to commit firefighters to life-saving and interior operations

Steven Marsar

Page 4: Survivability Profiling

Survivability Profiling Asks?

What is visible during the scene size-up?Are people suspected or known to be

trapped?Is there a reasonable assumption that they

may still be alive?Should we slow down and attack the fire first

and complete the searches when it is relatively safe for our operating forces to do so?

Page 5: Survivability Profiling

The Human Body

What temperature does skin burn?What is the maximum temperature the body

can take?How does hypoxia effect the body?

Page 6: Survivability Profiling

The Human Body

What temperature does skin burn? 130 0F

What is the maximum temperature the body can take? 212 0F

How does Hypoxia effect the body?

Page 7: Survivability Profiling

Human Survival

The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) states that the upper limit of human temperature tenability is 212°F

Flashover normally Occurs at 1,100-1,500 0F

Page 8: Survivability Profiling

Power of Fire

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=etupkGtoLPc

Page 9: Survivability Profiling
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Firefighter Line Of Duty Deaths

Year Number of LODD2000 1052001 1052002 1012003 1132004 1192005 1152006 1072007 1182008 1182009 902010 852011 46* As of June 25, 2011

Page 11: Survivability Profiling

Size-up Report Example

When does scene size-up start?

First arriving unit report should include? Number of stories Building construction type Victim locations Fire conditions Smoke conditions Offensive / Defensive

attack Commanding officer

Lt Cox on location of 2 story wood frame residential structure, no victims visible, fire showing from sides C and D division 2. Heavy black smoke from the eaves. Operating defensive attack, Lt Cox has command.

Scene Size-up

Page 12: Survivability Profiling

Scene Size-up

Importance of a 360 walk around

Developing survivability profiling instincts

Page 13: Survivability Profiling

360 Walk Around

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Survivability Profiling

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Survivability Profiling

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Survivability Profiling

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Survivability Profiling

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Survivability Profiling

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Survivability Profiling

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Survivability Profiling

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Survivability Profiling

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Survivability Profiling

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Survivability Profiling

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Survivability Profiling

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Survivability Profiling

Page 27: Survivability Profiling

Reading Smoke – Survivability Profiling

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Reading Smoke – Survivability Profiling

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Reading Smoke – Survivability Profiling

Page 30: Survivability Profiling

GO OR NO GO?

Page 31: Survivability Profiling

GO OR NO GO?

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GO OR NO GO?

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GO OR NO GO?

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GO OR NO GO?

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GO OR NO GO?

Page 36: Survivability Profiling

Citizen Poll

VFOA research projectOver 300 Faculty, student and parents were

asked two questions:

If your house was on fire would you expect me to die trying to put the fire out? And/or rescue anyone inside?

If I told you that no one was alive inside your home due to fire conditions, would you expect me to die trying to put the fire out? And/or recover anyone inside?

Page 37: Survivability Profiling

Citizen Poll Answers

If your house was on fire would you expect me to die trying to put the fire out? And/or rescue anyone Inside?

39% YES56% NO5% Did not answer

Page 38: Survivability Profiling

Citizen Poll Answers

If I told you that no one was alive inside your home due to fire conditions, would you expect me to die trying to put the fire out? And/or recover anyone inside?

6% YES91% NO3% Did not answer

* Not a single parent or faculty member stated YES

Page 39: Survivability Profiling

16 Life Safety initiatives

1. Define and advocate the need for a cultural change within the fire service relating to safety; incorporating leadership, management, supervision, accountability and personal responsibility.

3. Focus greater attention on the integration of risk management with incident management at all levels, including strategic, tactical, and planning responsibilities.

Page 40: Survivability Profiling

New Detroit Fire Policy

http://www.clickondetroit.com/video/28237570/index.html