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The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships Leader Followers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership Copyright 2009, Ira Chaleff. May be used with attributio

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Page 1: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

The Courageous FollowerA New View of Leader-Follower

Relationships

Leader Followers

Based on the Books

The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

Copyright 2009, Ira Chaleff. May be used with attribution

Page 2: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

Highlights of the Emerging Field of Followership Studies

• Leader-centric studies citing role of followers • 1988 - HBR article “In Praise of Followers” by Robert Kelley• 1992 – The Power of Followership – Kelley• 1995 – The Courageous Follower – Chaleff• 2003 – Dixon – Dissertation on Chaleff model• 2005 – Lipman-Blumen – Allure of Toxic Leaders• 2006 – Rethinking Followership Conference• 2008 – The Art of Followership – Lipman-Blumen, Riggio, Chaleff• 2008 – Followership – Barbara Kellerman• 2008 – ILA Followership Learning Community• 2009 – Weekly enquiries re: dissertations/ books/articles

Page 3: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

Why Followership Now?

• Groundwork laid by leadership scholarship• Failures of leadership at all levels• Inverted pyramid in knowledge orgs• Widespread access to information• Telecommunications enabling peer to peer orientation/collaboration• Language/memes entering the culture• Professional development generating followership standards

Page 4: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

Resistance to being “a follower”

• Cultural bias towards leaders• Confusion between follower as personality type and follower as role

Page 5: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

5

Leader-Follower Organization

Leader-follower Leader-follower

Leader-follower Leader-follower

Leader-follower

Leader-follower Leader-follower Leader-follower

Leader-follower

Leader-follower

Source: Gene Dixon

Page 6: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

Resistance to being “a follower”

• Cultural bias towards leaders• Confusion between follower as personality type and follower as role• Desire for egalitarianism

Page 7: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

7

Shifting Roles

LeaderFollower

Follower

Page 8: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

8

Shifting Roles

Leader Follower Follower

Page 9: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

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Shifting Roles

LeaderFollowerFollower

Distinctions still exist when roles shift with activity

Page 10: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

Resistance to being “a follower”

• Cultural bias towards leaders• Confusion between follower as personality type and follower as role• Desire for egalitarianism• Lack of positive models of followership

Page 11: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

Common Purpose

The Courageous Follower: A New Model of Leader-Follower Relationships

Leader Followers

Shared Values

Leaders and FollowersServe a Common Purpose

Source: The Courageous Follower – Ira Chaleff

Page 12: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

Five Dimensions of Courageous Followership

Courageto:

Assume Responsibility for common purpose

Support leader

and group energetic

ally

Take Moral Action when

needed

Participate in Transformation

Constructively Challenge counterproductive policies & behaviors

Source: The Courageous Follower – Ira Chaleff

Page 13: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

13

Implementer Partner

High Support

LowSupport

Resource

HighConstructiv

eChallenge

LowConstruct

iveChallenge Individualist

Followership Styles

Source: The Courageous Follower – Ira Chaleff

Page 14: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

14

Why do Leaders Need Partners?

What dynamics of Leader development and behavior require Courageous Follower behavior?

Page 15: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

15

Visibility & Pressures Intensify as Leader Rises

Regulation

Rivals

Interest Groups

Family

Press

Budget

Identity Groups

Litigation

Leaders Need Energetic Support

Page 16: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

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Impact Magnifies as Leader Rises

Leaders Need Constructive Feedback

Page 17: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

17

Candid Information & Feedback

NegativeResult

2. Improved Action

Disconfirming Feedback

1. Poor Action

= Learning

Page 18: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

18

Interrupted Candor & Feedback

Leader Follower

2. Continued Poor Action

= No Learning

InhibitedFeedback

Screened-outFeedback

1.Action

Source: The Courageous Follower – Ira Chaleff

Page 19: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

19

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Physical SurvivalSafety

Social Needs - Belonging

Achievement

Self-Actualization

Courage and Skill are needed to speak up

Page 20: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

20

Other Models of Followership Styles

Art of Followership Chapter 1: Robert Kelley Independent Thinking & Action Engagement Exemplary Followers vs, Sheep, Yes-people,

Alienated and PragmaticsArt of Followership Chapter 11: Rodger Adair How employees view themselves Disciples and Doers vs. Disengaged and

DisgruntledsFollowership: Barbara Kellerman Levels of engagement Isolate, Bystander, Participant, Activist, Diehard

Page 21: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

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Need for a Research Agenda

Role of followership in world events Followership in different cultures Early follower development Evolving role of followers Language of followership Courageous Conscience

* Adapted from Kelley chapter – Art of Followership

Page 22: The Courageous Follower A New View of Leader-Follower Relationships LeaderFollowers Based on the Books The Courageous Follower and The Art of Followership

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For more information Leader-Follower

Partnership

The Key To

The Courageous Followerwww.courageousfollower.com

International Leadership Association’sFollowership Community of Learning

http://followership2.pbwiki.com/