unit3 grammar simple past tense and present perfect tense

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Unit3 Grammar Simple past tense and present perfect tense

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Unit3 Grammar

Simple past tense and

present perfect tense

Mr Bean

How long has Mr Bean had a test?

Pay attention to the time in the video

How long has Mr Bean had a test? He has had a test for about seven minutes

since about seven minutes ago.

About seven minutes ago, he began to take a test.

We use simple past tense to tell what happened in the past只强调过去开始

We use the present perfect tense to talk about an action that started in the past and continues to the present. 过去开始持续到现在

past

present

past

present

When did Mr Bean begin to have a test?

Mr Bean已经买了辆新汽车。

Mr Bean has bought a new car.

(Mr Bean has a new car now.)

We use the present perfect tense to talk about the result of an action. 强调过去动作对现在造成的结果和影响

past

present

Mr Bean 2010年和2011年访问过加拿大。Mr Bean visited Canada in 2010 and 2011.

Mr Bean has been to Canada twice.

We use the present perfect tense to tell how many times a

n action has happened till now.

past

present

Simple past tense

一般过去时

Present perfect tense

现在完成时构成

时间状语

语境

did have/has done

yesterday, in 1980, last week, …ago, just now, the other day 等

for, since, ever, never, just, yet, recently, before,次数, in the past years , over the years , so far 等

表示过去某时发生的动作或单纯叙述过去的事情,强调动作 .

持续到现在的动作或状态;强调过去的事情对现在的影响 ; 到目前为止,动作发生的次数 .

Read and remember

make -- made -- made fly --flew-- flown

go -- went -- gone do --did --done

know -- knew -- known get--got -- got

give-- gave -- given buy--bought -- bought

drive-- drove – driven swim--swam -- swum

speak-- spoke -- spoken write--wrote--written

say-- said --said read-- read--read

While Mr Bean was having a test, he met with some problems. Can you help him? (Part B on P41)

After the test, Mr Bean plans to relax himself by travelling. Simon is showing him some pictures.

(Part A on P41)

I ______ (visit) the P

alace Museum with

my grandparents the

other day.

I ________ (climb)

Mount Huang last S

ummer.

visited climbed

_____ you ever _____

(try) the famous

Tianjin Baozi?

I am happy that

I _____________

(learn) to swim.

Have tried

have learnt/learned

The Eiffel Tower (visited)

castle (have been to)

Beijing Duck (tasted)

Places of natural beauty (have enjoyed)

Mr Bean isn’t lucky like you. He has never been to Nanjing. So he is asking Simon about the city. (Part C on P42)

M: (you/be/ever) to Nanjing?

S: Yes, I (be) there three times.

M: When (you/go) there last?

S: Last summer. I (spend) a week there.

M: (you/like) it?

S: Oh yes. I (have) a great time there.

I (visit) many places of interest and

(eat) lots of local food.

M: Lucky you! I (be/never) there.

Have you ever beenA talk about Nanjing

have been

did you go

spent

Did you like

had

visited

ate

have never been

Help him complete the diary.

be buy read return see show

Saturday, 15 March

Have you ever dreamt of travelling around the world

without a passportpassport? Yes, you can realize your dream

by taking an online tour. Yesterday Daniel (1)______

___ me an online tour of the USA. I (2)_____ never __

___ so many wonderful pictures before.

showed

have seen

passportn.护照

Last week, I (3)_________ a book about the places of

interest in the USA. I (4)_________ 20 pages already.

It’s really interesting. My dad (5)_____ just _________

from the USA, but I (6) ______ never_______ there. I

hope I can visit the USA some day.

be buy read return see show

have been

bought

have read

has returned

1.--Where is your father?

--He __________ (go) to Beijing.

用所给单词的适当形式填空

2. – Look! I _____________ (buy) a new computer already.

-- Cool! Where _______ you ______ (buy) it?

3. -- _______ he _______ (see) this film yet? – Yes.

-- When _______ he ________ (see) it?

-- He _______ it last week. (see)

have bought

did see

did buy

Has seen

saw

has gone

选择填空

1. ____ has Mr White been a member of Greener China since he ____ to China?

A How soon; comes B How often; got

C How long; came D How far; arrived

2. —I’ve seen the film The Sound of Music already.

-- When ___ you ___ it?

-- The day before yesterday.

A have; seen B will; seeC did; see D did; seen

3. –Where is Mike?

--He ____ to New York on business. He ____ the

airport at 5 in the morning.

A has gone; has left for B has been; has left for

C has gone; left for D has been; left for

4. –You look very nice in your new dress today.

--Thanks! I ________ it a week ago.

A buy B bought C have bought D will buy

同义句转换

1.Simon’s father______( join) the Party 10 years ago.

Simon’s father____________ the Party for 10 years.

2. She _________(borrow) this book last week.

She ___________this book since last week.

joined

has been in

has been a member of

borrowed

has kept

以“接龙”的形式,用你所学过的时态描述憨豆先生的旅行。

have (never) been to, went to, …

Beijing/ Hangzhou…

visit/ taste/ enjoy…

…Now Mr Bean is in China.

Play and guess.一学生表演动作,其他学生猜,并用

一般过去时或现在完成时造句。

Make up a new dialogue

A: … you ever …?

B: Yes. I … there … times.

A: When … you … last?

B: … I spent … there.

A: … you … it?

B: Oh yes. I … there. And I ….

A: Lucky you ! …

Yesterday is history, tomorrow is a mystery, but today is a gift, that is why it is called present.

昨天已成为历史,明天是未知的。今天才是礼物,正因为如此,我们才把今天称作今天。

You cannot improve your past, but you can improve your future. Take full of today and cherish tomorrow.

你不能改变你的过去,但你可以让你的未来变得更美好。把握今天,珍惜明天!

Homework• Review the usage of simple past tense

and present perfect tense.

• Try to remember the past participles of irregular verbs.

请说出下列动词的过去式以及过去分词

make

drivego

buy

give

get

know

dospeak

swim wri

te

read

say fly