Using Sap Netweaver with the Oracle Database Appliance

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This document explain all the necessary steps do setup an SAP system based on the SAP Netweaver technology using an Oracle Database Appliance 2.9 and later.

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  • An Oracle White Paper March 2014

    UsingSAPNetWeaverwiththeOracle DatabaseAppliance2.9 A Best Practices Guide

  • Preface...........................................................................................................................3

    Oracle Database Appliance Installation Overview..........................................................5

    ASM Disk Groups forSAP Databases...........................................................................7

    Clustering Solution for SAP HA on Oracle Database Appliance....................................8

    Newer SAP NetWeaver Products on Oracle Database Appliance.................................8

    CharacterSet Requirements for SAP Databases..........................................................8

    NonUnicode SAP Installations.......................................................................................8

    Shared File Systems in SAP Environments...................................................................10

    Oracle Database Appliance for SAP Deployment..........................................................11

    SAP Oracle Home Naming Requirements.....................................................................22

    Using SAPinst on the Oracle Database Appliance.........................................................23

    SAPinst: Oracle Database Instance...............................................................................40

    Post SAPinst Installation Steps......................................................................................65

    SAP Database Administration with BR*Tools.................................................................66

    Lifecycle Management forSAP Databases....................................................................67

    Installation of the Operating System and Firmware Patches..........................................68

    Installation of the SAP Bundle Patch forthe Oracle Database Appliance......................69

    Migration of SAP Databases...........................................................................................70

    Migration Approach 1: OracletoOracle (O2O) ACS Service and Customer SelfService. . .70

    Migration Approach 2: OracletoOracle (TripleO)ACS Service only...........................71

    Migration Approach 3: Oracle RMAN and Transportable Tablespaces..........................73

    Documentation References:...........................................................................................74

  • Using SAP NetWeaver with the Oracle Database Appliance

    Preface

    This document explains all the necessary steps to setup an SAP system based on the SAP NetWeaver technology using an Oracle Database Appliance 2.9 and later.

    Note: This paper is for Oracle Database Appliance 2.9 and later releases. All SAP products and solutions based on SAP NetWeaver Technology using a minimum SAP NetWeaver Version 7.0 are certified and supported to be used with the Oracle Database Appliance. Therefore SAP products such as SAP ERP 6.0, SAP ECC 6.0, SAP BW 7.0, SAP CRM 7.0 , SAP SRM 7.0 or SAP Solutions such as SAP Banking Services version 7.0 can be used with the Oracle Database Appliance. SAP products which are not based on SAP NetWeaver Technology such as SAP Business Objects cannot be used with the Oracle Database Appliance.

    The Oracle Database Appliance provides the following capabilities to an SAP environment:

    Highly available active-active clustered database server for SAP Applications

    Highly available file server for SAP required shared file systems such as /sapmnt

    Complete clustering solution for SAP High Availability Resources such as Central Services for both ABAP and JAVA stack

    The Oracle Database Appliance cannot be used to run SAP application instances. SAP application instances have to run on separate machines which use the Ethernet network to exchange data with the database(s) on the Oracle Database Appliance. In SAP terminology this is called a three tier architecture. This flexible three tier architecture allows for any combination of hardware and operating systems running the SAP instances to be used with the Oracle Database Appliance. So for example you can run or keep existing SAP Application servers on AIX or HP-UX platforms connected to the Oracle Database Appliance. This flexibility allows for an easy introduction of the Oracle Database Appliance in existing SAP environments as it leaves the SAP application layer unchanged. The only SAP components which are supported to run on the Oracle Database Appliance are the SAP database administration tools (BR*Tools) and the SAP central services (SCS and ASCS). This whitepaper describes the SAP specific deployment andconfiguration of necessary Oracle software settings on the Oracle Database Appliance as of the following version:

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    Oracle Database ApplianceVersion

    End User Bundle Version

    Grid Infrastructu re Version

    Database Version

    2.9.0.0.0 2.9.0.0.0 11.2.0.4 11.2.0.4.0 SingleInstance 11.2.0.4.0 RAC

    For older Oracle Database Appliance, see the respective whitepaperon SCN.

    When using SAP applications with the Oracle Database Appliance you can either use Oracle Database 11g Release 2 or Oracle Real Application Clusters 11g Release 2. Oracle Real Application Clusters One Node is not supported with SAP products and therefore cannot be used.

    The paper describes the SAP specific deployment and configuration of necessary Oracle software settings on the Oracle Database Appliance, SAP specific database requirements, information on how to install SAP required database patches for the Oracle Database Appliance and suggestions for the implementation of shared file systems for SAP installations.

    SAP Note 1760737 will be updated on a regular base to reflect any changes on using SAP Applications with the Oracle Database Appliance.

    Overall this document complements the existing Oracle Database Appliance documentation [1] and therefore it is assumed that the reader is familiar with the Oracle Database Appliance documentation.

    To understand the requirements and steps outlined in this document it is necessary that the reader is also familiar with the SAP specific support notes and white papers on Oracle RAC [2] and Oracle ASM [3].

    SAP support notes [4] are available from the SAP Service Marketplace for authorized users.

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    OracleDatabaseApplianceInstallationOverview

    To set up your Oracle Database Appliance for an SAP database, you must follow the below steps:

    1. Re-image the Oracle Database Appliance If the Oracle Database Appliance is delivered with a factory image of version less than 2.9.0.0.0, you must re-image the Oracle Database Appliance with the OS ISO Image 2.9.0.0.0 or later. You can download the ISO image following the links in Oracle Support Note 888888.1 and install it according to the instructions in the Oracle Database Application documentation.

    2. Install the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch Install the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch corresponding to the Oracle Database Appliance ISO image you installed in the first step (2.9.0.0.0 or later). It is recommended to install the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch even after re-imaging the Oracle Database Appliance with an ISO image, since the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch may contain firmware patches that are not installed by the ISO image. You can download the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch following the links in Oracle Support Note 888888.1 and install it according to the instructions in the Oracle Database Application documentation.

    3. Install and deploy the Oracle Database Appliance End User Bundle Install the Oracle Database Appliance End User Bundle corresponding to your Oracle Database Appliance version and start the database deployment. You can download the Oracle Database Appliance End User Bundle following the links in Oracle Support Note 888888.1. Install and deploy the end user bundle according to the instructions in section "Oracle Database Appliance for SAP Deployment" of this white paper.

    4. Use SAPinst to prepare the Oracle Database Appliance for an SAP database Run SAPinst as described in section "Using SAPinst on the Oracle Database Appliance" of this white paper to create SAP-specific OS users, create SAP-specific directories, and otherwise prepare the Oracle Database Appliance for an SAP database.

    5. Install the latest SAP Bundle Patch for the OracleDatabase ApplianceIt is required that any database instance has the latest SAP-recommended Oracle grid and database patches installed.

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    For the Oracle Database Appliance, these are delivered in the SAP Bundle Patch for Oracle Database Appliance on the SAP Service Marketplace. You can download the latest SAP Bundle Patch for the Oracle Database Appliance following the instructions in SAP Note 1975175 and install it according to the instruction in section "Installation of the SAP Bundle Patch for ODA" of this white paper.

    6. Create or migrate an SAP database instance Run SAPinst as described in section "Using SAPinst on the Oracle Database Appliance" to create a new SAP database instance. That database instance will use the Oracle database software deployed by the Oracle Database Appliance End User Bundle above. Alternatively, you can migrate an existing SAP database to the Oracle Database Appliance as described in section "Migration of SAP Databases" of this white paper.

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    ASMDiskGroupsfor SAPDatabases

    The default ASM Disk Groups provided by the Oracle Database Appliance should be used for all SAP databases. For SAP production databases a redundancy level of high should be used to achieve the highest level of protection against any type of storage failure. Other SAP databases used for development, test and QA may use a normal ASM redundancy level.

    In line with the standard Oracle Database Appliance setup you should use the ASM disk Groups +DATA, +REDO and +RECO. The DATA Group should contain all data files, control files, spfiles, OCR and voting disks. The RECO Group should contain temporary files, archive logs, flashback files and backups. The REDO Group should contain all non-multiplexed redo log files.

    When storing more than one SAP database (for instance an SAP ERP database and an SAP BW database or an SAP ERP database with an SAP CRM database or multiple SAP ERP databases) on the Oracle Database Appliance all files of each of these SAP databases should follow the above recommendation and all be stored in the DATA , REDO and RECO disk groups.

    For performance and throughput reasons it is recommended for each SAP database to only have two control files in the DATA disk group and non-multiplexed online redo log files in the REDO disk group. As standard SAP installations use three control files in the database it is recommended to remove one control file from the spfile or init.ora. Standard SAP installations also use two members for each online redo log file. On the Oracle Database Appliance it is therefore necessary to remove one member of each online redo log file for each redo thread. The source database will have multiple redo threads if it was a RAC database. Three control files and multiplexed online redo log files are not needed on the Oracle Database Appliance as the control files and the online redo log files are stored in the DATA and REDO disk groups which already provide triple mirroring for each file at the Oracle ASM level due to the redundancy level of high.

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    ClusteringSolutionforSAPHAonOracle DatabaseAppliance

    If you plan implementing of SAP High Availability Resources such as Central Services for both SAP ABAP (ASCS, ERS) stack, SAP JAVA (SCS, ERS) stack and SAP WebDispatcher you can choose SAPCTL.

    Check the support of SAP NetWeaver product and SAP Kernel with Oracle Linux 5.x in the SAP PAM. SAP Note 1496927 describes SAPCTL. A very detailed guide, how to implement ASCS and ERS on Oracle Database Appliance you can find in SAP Note 1877857.

    NewerSAPNetWeaverProductsonOracleDatabaseAppliance

    SAP NetWeaver products will be delivered with SAP Kernel 7.20 EXT and higher or with SAP Kernel 7.40 and higher. Oracle Database Appliance runs with Oracle Linux 5.x and these newer versions of SAP Kernel are not supported for this OS release.

    Running the Oracle Databases on Oracle Database Appliance is allowed and BR*Tools and SAP Host Agent for 7.20 must be used. Any other parts of a SAP System (ASCS, SCS, ERS, PAS, AS) must be run on an other server with following the requirements of SAP.

    More related information can be found in SAP Note 1760737 and 1973403.

    CharacterSetRequirementsforSAPDatabases

    New installations of systems from SAP NetWeaver 7.0 are only supported with Unicode. For an SAP Unicode installation it is required that both the character and the national character set in the database is set to UTF8. The installation tool of SAP will take care about the character set and automatically choose the right one. With ODA version 2.9.0.0 the deployment has changed and you can decide whether a default database should be created or not. For SAP the recommendation is not to create a default database and bypass the step Database Information.

    NonUnicodeSAPInstallations

    Existing Non-Unicode SAP installations can be used with the Oracle Database Appliance. It is important for these Non-Unicode installations that the character and national character set of the migrated databases from existing systems to the Oracle Database Appliance are kept the same as in the original system.

    It is mandatory that the SAP application of such a Non-Unicode SAP installation runs on an operating system which supports the Non-

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    Unicode runtime requirements of SAP. The Product Availability Matrix (PAM) of SAP (http://www.service.sap.com/PAM) should be checked for valid operating system support for Non-Unicode SAP installations.

    In the case of Non-Unicode installations it is highly recommended to not change the hardware or operating system for the SAP application layer. Only the existing database server and storage layer should be changed to the Oracle Database Appliance.

    Note: In the case of Non-Unicode SAP installations you cannot run the SAP Central Services on the Oracle Database Appliance.

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    SharedFileSystemsinSAPEnvironments

    In an SAP environment it is common that all SAP Application Servers have access to a shared file system (/sapmnt, /usr/sap/trans, ...) which store the SAP kernels, profiles, trace files and provide the global SAP transport directory. In typical SAP installations such a shared file system is implemented using a NAS appliance, a cluster file system or through an NFS exported file system from the database server. For high availability reasons a cluster file system is being used or the source of the NFS location is protected by special configurations such as HA-NFS to not be a single point of failure in an SAP environment.

    If you already have an existing shared file system solution in your SAP environment not using an NFS exported file system from the database server it is recommended to continue to use this solution when moving to the Oracle Database Appliance.

    The Oracle Database Appliance offers during the deployment phase the configuration of a Cloud File System. This file system is based on Oracle's Advanced Cluster File System (ACFS) and can be used for /sapmnt on all application servers, if it is NFS exported from the database server.. After the deployment you can add additional file systems like /usr/sap/trans,..., using Advanced Storage Management Configuration Assistance (asmca).

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    OracleDatabaseApplianceforSAPDeployment

    This section describes the deployment of the ODA End User Bundle for SAP. The deployment installs the Oracle Grid and RDBMS software and creates an Oracle Grid instance and an Oracle database. With ODA version 2.9.0.0 as mentioned above we bypass the create database step, we deploy the RDBMS software only.

    The deployment can be divided into two major parts. The first part is the pre-installation part, where all necessary customer specific parameters are collected and be stored into a configuration file. The second part of the installation uses the information from the configuration file. The deployment is divided into 25 automated running steps.

    Before you can start the deployment of the Oracle Database Appliance end user bundle, ensure that you have the latest Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch installed. See above section "Oracle Database Appliance Installation Overview" for more details.

    The next pages show a step by step deployment. Note that since version 2.8.0.0 the option -advance to command "oakcli deploy" is available, which offers new functionality.

    Login as user root on the first node

    Change to directory /tmp

    Run the deployment:: /opt/oracle/oak/bin/oakcli deploy -advance

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    Choose SAP Application.

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    Set the user id and group id dependent on your environment. SAP defined the GI User and the DB User as oracle, the Install Group is oinstall, DBA Group is dba, DBA Oper Group is oper, ASM DBA Group is asmdba, ASM Oper Group is asmoper and ASM Admin Group is asmadmin.

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    Set your System Name, with Help you get answers, what is meant with each input.

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    ODA supports beside the public network other network if needed.

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    SAPinst will be used to create the database. Therefore this step will be skipped.

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    In case you will use Oracle Database Appliance to provide /sapmnt, this mask is to setup an Oracle CloudFS/ACFS file system.

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    Use Install to start the deployment.

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    SAPOracleHomeNamingRequirements

    The correct installation and operation of any SAP utility such as SAPinst or BR*Tools on the database nodes of the Oracle Database Appliance requires some preparation for the correct setting of the ORACLE_HOME environment variable in the SAP environment. The SAP environment requires the ORACLE_HOME environment variable to be set to /oracle//.

    To create an SAP database, SAPinst searches for the ORACLE_HOME directory. If there is a usable installation with the Oracle RDBMS software correctly installed SAPinst will not extract the RDBMS DVD, it will use the existing installation.

    SAPinst looks for the RDBMS software in /oracle// the standard path of SAP for the Oracle RDBMS software . The ODA deployment installs the RDBMS software under /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1.

    Therefore we need to create a symbolic link on both nodes.

    login to the nodes and create the directory /oracle and/oracle/. We use here ADO as the

    [root@lsoda01 / ]# mkdir /oracle

    [root@lsoda01 / ]# chown oracle:oinstall /oracle

    [root@lsoda01 / ]# su oracle

    create the symbolic link

    [oracle@lsoda01 / ]# mkdir -p /oracle/ADO[oracle@lsoda01 / ]# ln -s /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1 /oracle/ADO/112

    Repeat above steps on the second node

    [root@lsoda02 / ]# mkdir /oracle

    [root@lsoda02 / ]# chown oracle:oinstall /oracle

    [root@lsoda02 / ]# su oracle

    create the symbolic link

    [oracle@lsoda02 / ]# mkdir -p /oracle/ADO[oracle@lsoda02 / ]# ln -s /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0.4/dbhome_1 /oracle/ADO/112

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    UsingSAPinstontheOracleDatabaseAppliance

    SAP has changed the installation utility SAPinst to work on the Oracle Database Appliance. The next pages show the Oracle Database Appliance related steps from a perspective of SAPinst. We start SAPinst with the step RAC/ASM/Database Instance Preparation to create SAP-specific OS users, create SAP-specific directories, and otherwise prepare the Oracle Database Appliance for an SAP database. Preparation is recommended for both nodes of the Oracle Database Appliance.

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    Select Custom Mode.

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    Deselect Profiles are available, we have no SAP profiles with a new installation.

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    Set the SAP system ID, we use here ADO for SAP SID and Oracle SID. The ACFS file system /sapmnt is available and realized with Oracle ACFS.

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    Set the Oracle SID, select RAC on Oracle ASM and the type of RAC on Engineered Systems.

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    Set the ORACLE_HOME for GRID and the ASM instance.

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    Repeat the step Database Instance Preparation on the second node.

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  • Using SAP NetWeaver with the Oracle Database Appliance

    SAPinst:OracleDatabaseInstance

    Dependent on your installation needs, it is required to install the necessary SAP instances (ASCS, SCS or ERS) first, as described in the SAP Installation Guide.

    After that you can start the database installation described on the next pages. This steps are only needed on one of the nodes of Oracle Database Appliance. We make these steps on the first node lsoda01.

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  • Using SAP NetWeaver with the Oracle Database Appliance

    Before you choose verify the OS user oracle belongs to OS group sapinst !

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  • Using SAP NetWeaver with the Oracle Database Appliance

    Check Mirror Redo Log Files and select ASM Diskgroup +REDO for the secondary member of the RedoLogs. All RedoLog are located on the Diskgroup +REDO.

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    All Control Files are located on the ASM Diskgroup +DATA. If plan more then one Control File you have to use different names.

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    Verify the database parameter compatible. If compatible is less than the database compatibility of your ASM Disk Group, change the parameter to the database compatibility of your ASM Disk Group compatibility.

    In addition verify if the following parameters are set, if not add them.

    _enable_NUMA_support = FALSE_file_size_increase_increment= 2044M_disable_interface_checking = TRUE_gc_undo_affinity = FALSE_gc_policy_time = 0db_block_checksum = "FULL"db_lost_write_protect = "TYPICAL"db_block_checking = "FULL"db_create_file_dest = "+DATA"db_create_online_log_dest_1= "+REDO"

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    PostSAPinstInstallationSteps

    Setup the environment for your new database on each node, edit the file /etc/oratab and add the lines:

    on first node lsoda01:

    ADO1:/oracle/ADO/112:N

    on second node lsoda02 :

    ADO2:/oracle/ADO/112:N

    the syntax is: database instance name (ADO1 or ADO2) : oracle home directory (/oracle/ADO/112) : startup on boot (Y or N)

    the script oraenv sets the environment dependent on the entries of /etc/oratab

    Example:

    >. oraenv

    ORACLE_SID = [+ASM1] ? ADO1

    The Oracle base has been changed from /u01/app/grid to /u01/app/oracle

    As SAPinst runs only on one node, we have to copy some files from the installation node to the secondary node.

    -login on installation node

    -change to directory /dbs

    -scp init .ora to ://dbs/init.ora

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    SAPDatabaseAdministrationwithBR*Tools

    The installation and configuration of BR*Tools is done by the above described Database Instance step of SAPinst. Therefore you can use BR*Tools on the Oracle Database Appliance to manage the Oracle database for SAP. More related information on BR*Tools can be found in SAP Notes 1598594, 1598868 and 1627541.

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    LifecycleManagementforSAPDatabases

    An Oracle Database Appliance requires regular patching at several levels of its software stack:

    Oracle RDBMS software

    Oracle Grid Infrastructure software

    Oracle Appliance Kit (OAK) software

    Operating system and firmware

    This section describes how to install patches for the above components of an Oracle Database Appliance running databases for SAP applications. For more general information on the Oracle Database Appliance components and patches, see My Oracle Support Note 888888.1 ("Oracle Database Appliance - 2.x Supported Versions & Known Issues").

    An Oracle Database Appliance requires the following patches and bundle patches for a complete update (with the mentioned patch versions current at the time of this writing):

    ODA Bundle Patch 2.9.0.0.0 SAP Bundle Patch 11.2.0.4.1 - 201402 for ODA

    Oracle tests and certifies these patches and their successors for SAP databases on a regular basis and makes them available for SAP customers on My Oracle Support and the SAP Service Marketplace. You can find up-to-date release information on the patches and their download locations in SAP Note 1975175 ("ODA 11.2.0: Patches for 11.2.0.4").

    Note: Each SAP Bundle Patch for the Oracle Database Appliance is certified for only one specific Oracle Database Appliance version. You must not combine SAP Bundle Patches and Oracle Database Appliance versions that are not certified to operate together. For example, SAP Bundle Patches 11.2.0.3.4 - 201211, 201212, and 201301 must be installed on ODA version 2.4.1.0.0 only, and must not be installed on ODA version 2.5.0.0.0 or later. See SAP Notes 1785353 and 1975175. for information on certified combinations of SAP Bundle Patches for ODA and ODA versions.

    In a nutshell, you install the above patches in the following steps:

    1. Refer to SAP Note 1975175 to determine the required patches and their download locations.

    2. Download the ODA Bundle Patch and install its operating system and firmware patches.

    3. Download and install the SAP Bundle Patch for ODA.

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    Note: Do not install the Grid Infrastructure patches and the RDBMS patches from the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch. Install them in the last step from the SAP Bundle Patch for the Oracle Database Appliance instead.

    InstallationoftheOperatingSystemandFirmwarePatches

    To install the operating system and firmware patches, perform the following steps:

    1. Download the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch to both Oracle Database Appliance nodes

    2. On both Oracle Database Appliance nodes, verify your current Oracle Database Appliance version:

    /opt/oracle/oak/bin/oakcli show version

    3. On both Oracle Database Appliance nodes, unpack the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch:

    /opt/oracle/oak/bin/oakcli unpack -package

    4. On the first Oracle Database Appliance node, start installation of the operating system and firmware patches of the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch. The oakcli utility installs the patches automatically on both nodes.

    /opt/oracle/oak/bin/oakcli update -patch --infra

    Depending on which components of the Oracle Database Appliance are updated, this command may reboot the nodes.

    See section "Patching the Infrastructure Components" in the Readme of the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch for complete information on the installation of its operating system and firmware patches.

    Note: Do not install the Grid Infrastructure patches and the RDBMS patches from the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch. Install them as described in the next section from the SAP Bundle Patch for Oracle Database Appliance instead.

    Note: Installation of the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch and the SAP Bundle Patch for Oracle Database Appliance is not RAC-rolling.

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    InstallationoftheSAPBundlePatchfortheOracleDatabaseAppliance

    Ensure that the operating system environment requirements are fulfilled on both Oracle Database Appliance nodes as described in section "Operating System Environment Requirements" of the SAP Bundle Patch readme.

    Then follow the instructions from section "SAP Bundle Patch Installation" to install the SAP Bundle Patch for the Oracle Database Appliance. This usually comprises:

    Installation of the latest OPatch and MOPatch utilities.

    Installation of the Grid Infrastructure patches in the grid homes.

    Installation of the RDBMS patches in the RDBMS homes.

    Execution of post-installation instructions, most notably of the catsbp.sql script.

    Note: Installation of the Oracle Database Appliance Bundle Patch and the SAP Bundle Patch for Oracle Database Appliance is not RAC-rolling.

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    MigrationofSAPDatabases

    Although there are several possibilities to migrate an existing SAP database to the Oracle Database Appliance it is recommended to choose one of the following approaches as these have been successfully tested.

    MigrationApproach1:OracletoOracle(O2O)ACSService andCustomerSelfService

    This way of database migration exists for many years and is being used to migrate an SAP database between different systems. The method is also described in the SAP Note 1508271. O2O allows for homogenous and heterogeneous system copies.

    A homogenous system copy is a migration where the source and target operating system is the same. A heterogeneous system copy is a migration where the source and target system have different operating systems. With an heterogeneous system copy you can for instance migrate an existing SAP AIX database to an Oracle Database Appliance Linux database.

    O2O supports all operating systems SAP products are certified on.

    The advantage of this method is, that you can combine the operating system change with multiple options to get most out of the migration:

    As part of the database migration, the whole database is reorganized. This can free up a significant amount of space within tables and indexes.

    The tablespace layout can be changed to the new SAP standard or to a customer own customized one. It is also possible to move single tables and indexes to separate tablespaces or to merge them into existing or new ones. This allows you to unify the SAP landscape by using a default tablespace name like PSAPSR3 in all SAP systems

    The SAP schema name can be changed for instance toSAPSR3 to unify the SAP landscape.

    The number of data files and mount points can be significantly reduced, by either optimizing the tablespace layout or the size of the data files and file systems

    Tablespaces are created with LMTS and ASSM

    Data files will be converted from file systems to Oracle ASM

    LOB or LONG data types can be converted to Secure files (11.2 only)

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    You can compress the indexes on the target database by using Oracle index compression. The compression calculation is executed as described in SAP Note 1109743. The correct index compression for each index is determined automatically.

    You can compress tables on the target system. The compression will compress all SAP tables as recommended in SAP Note 1431296.

    With O2O it is possible to combine a platform migration with a release upgrade. The migration method supports every combination of Unix, Windows or Linux on source and target system. So you can migrate an existing Oracle 10.2 database on HP-UX to an Oracle Database Appliance.

    It is possible to upgrade directly to an higher database release. Currently with the O2O method direct database migrations are possible between different Oracle versions. So it is possible to upgrade directly from Oracle 9i to Oracle 11g by using O2O. You also do not need the most current patchset of the lower Oracle release to run the migration. A complete overview about the upgrade paths between different Oracle versions is given at the end of this chapter.

    The downtime needed to migrate a database with the O2O method is depending on the database size, the included database objects (SAP cluster tables, partitioned tables) and the available hardware resources(CPU, Memory, Storage, Network). Up to 1TB/hour is possible.

    MigrationApproach2:OracletoOracle(TripleO)ACSServiceonly

    If the downtime requirements cannot be fulfilled with the O2O offline method, you can use as an alternative the Triple-O method. The Triple-O method allows to migrate an Oracle database with a downtime for the database copy of not more than 15 minutes. The downtime is independent from the database size. The downtime is needed to stop the SAP system on the source, check the final synchronization of the migrated system and to restart SAP on the target system.

    The Triple-O method is a further development of the O2O method. This method is certified by SAP to perform an online migration and documented in SAP Note 1508271. So all systems migrated with this method are fully supported by SAP after the migration.

    The Triple-O method is using the O2O technology to perform the initial data load (copying the current contents of the source database to the target database) while the SAP application is up and running. Oracle GoldenGate is used to synchronize all changes

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    applied on the source system, while the migration is running. The method fully supports DDL and DML operations. There are no limitations for the usage of the SAP system during the migration.

    With the Triple-O method you can make use of all features listed for the O2O method. Also heterogeneous database migrations and direct database upgrades are supported.

    When using Triple-O:

    There is no downtime needed to start or stop the online migration

    No need for special database patches

    Migration can be started and stopped at any time without risk for the productive system

    Downtime needed for the database copy part of the migration is typically only 15 minutes. The downtime is independent from the database size.

    Triple-O fully supports DDL and DML commands

    Triple-O is SAP release independent

    Prerequisites for Triple-O:

    At least Oracle version 9i on source

    30% free CPU time in average on database server

    Additional file system space of 50% of the redo log amount in 24h on the source

    Additional file system space of 50% of the redo log amount in 48h (or the duration of the initial data load) on the target

    Limitations of Triple-O:

    Oracle GoldenGate currently does not support compressed tables on the source system. These tables must be either decompressed before the migration, or must be migrated at the end in a downtime windows

    Impact on productive system:

    Increased redo log volume, because supplemental logging must be activated on the source

    Summary:

    These well established methods offer a fast and reliable approach, not only to migrate a SAP database from any SAP supported OS platform from Oracle Database 9i Release 2 on to the Oracle Database Appliance, but also to implement a couple of additional features and benefits into the migration process. This adds more value to the database migration and will increase the ROI for

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    instance by reducing the storage costs with table/index compression.

    MigrationApproach3:OracleRMANandTransportableTablespaces

    Through the DUPLICATE DATABASE command of Oracle RMAN it is possible to copy an existing Linux, Solaris or Windows database running on an x86_64 platform to the Oracle Database Appliance without any downtime.

    By using Transportable Tablespaces it is possible to copy an existing database from any UNIX platform to the Oracle Database Appliance.

    Both ways are explained in detail in the document Moving your SAP Database to Oracle Automatic Storage Management 11g Release 2. The document can be downloaded from the SAP Community Network (SCN) under http://scn.sap.com/community/oracle.

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    DocumentationReferences:

    [1] Oracle Database Appliance Documentation

    http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/server-storage/engineered-systems/database-appliance/documentation/index.html

    [2] Configuration of SAP NetWeaver for Oracle Grid Infrastructure 11.2.0.2 and Oracle Real Application Clusters 11g Release 2: A Best Practices Guide

    http://scn.sap.com/community/oracle

    [3] SAP Databases on Oracle Automatic Storage Management 11g Release 2: Configuration Guidelines for Unix and Linux Platforms

    http://scn.sap.com/community/oracle

    [4] Relevant SAP Notes:

    1760737 SAP Software and Oracle Database Appliance (ODA)

    1785353 ODA 11.2.0: Patches for 11.2.0.3 1975175 ODA 11.2.0: Patches for 11.2.0.4 1431798 Oracle 11.2.0: Database Parameter Settings 1550133 Oracle Automatic Storage Management (ASM) 1877857 Installation and Configuration of SAP HA

    ASCS/ERS on ODA

    1496927 - Protection of SAP instances through Oracle Clusterware

    1627541 - BR*Tools support for Oracle ASM andExadata/ODA

    1973403 - SWPM for Oracle Exadata or Oracle Database Appliance on Oracle Linux 5

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    Using SAP NetWeaver with the Oracle

    Exadata Database Machine

    March 2014

    Author: Martin Sautter

    Contributing Authors: AnilNair, Tammy

    Bednar, Jan Klokkers, Jens Schmidt,

    Christoph Kurucz

    Oracle Corporation World Headquarters 500 Oracle Parkway Redwood Shores, CA 94065 U.S.A.

    Oracle Corporation

    World Headquarters

    500 Oracle Parkway

    Redwood Shores, CA 94065

    U.S.A.

    Copyright 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates. Allrights reserved. This document is provided for information purposes

    only and

    the contents hereof are subject to change without notice. This document is not warranted to be errorfree, nor subject

    to any other warranties or conditions, whether expressed orally or implied in law, including implied warranties and

    conditions of merchantability or

    fitness for a particular purpose. We specifically disclaimany liability with respect to this document and no contractual

    obligations are formed either directly or indirectly by this document. This document may not be reproduced or

    transmitted in any formor by any

    means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without our prior written permission.

    Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their

    respective owners.

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