morality of buddhism and christianity ppt
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Morality of Buddhism and Christianity: Taught from the Ancient Prophets
By Christopher Pusateri
Decadence Defined: The process of falling away or declining (from a prior state of excellence, vitality, prosperity, etc.); decay; impaired or deteriorated condition (Oxford English Dictionary). http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iGfx4yJXUuI
Siddhartha Gautama Founder of Buddhism: 562-566 BC. Buddhism began because Gautama disliked living luxuriously lifestyle of his families kingdom in India. One could say Gautama was a awakened soul due to subjecting himself to harsh to acts to achieve displine. Awakened one is = meaning of Buddha. - A person who is free from mental distortion and obstruction. Live free!
Wise Words from Gautama on the act of Giving: Founder of Buddhism when we see someone practicing the joy of giviing, aid him joyously and you willobtain vast and great blessings (Soko, P.104).
Dharma Defined: path toward external life by virtueWhy is there pain and suffering in this word?Central question to Gautama and Buddhism in general.
The universal law which governs the physical and moral order of the universe (Ethics, P.1). - all aspects of life is centered around this universal law called Dharma (seasons, movement of nature, the world).
Dharma Taught by the Six Nobel Truths1. Pain and suffering are present throughout all countries and all mankind. - Sickness, old age 2. The root of all suffering came from the desires of wealth and selfishness of man 3. When mankind gets rid of desire, pain and suffering we cease. 4. Elimination of all desires (Hope P. 68).
Karma Defined: The ancient Buddha defined as a reference to moral choices and the actions consequent of them (Ethics P. 6). This Karma according to the Buddha has two type of effects: 1. Transitive- direct moral impact one has on everyone. Ex. When another person is killed he or she is deprived from their life. 2. intransitive- the way the a persons moral actions affect the agent through an individuals free will of rational choice shaping his or her own destiny. (Ethics P.6).
Dana Defined: Act of giving through generous means Dana is supported by Sangha which is reference to a community or group of monks, nuns, and novices (Understanding P. 37) - Dependent (count on others) upon generosity to achieve the simple nourishment to eat - Chartable act by others.
Karma Continued A key aspect of Karma that has not yet been experienced can be carried onto the next life due to previous incarnation our past. in aspects including but not limited to: - own family, - social status, - physical appearance - individual character - personality.
Ahimsa Defined: Non Harming or violence Shows a deeper respect for all nature and mankind. - Peace - Love - No Violence - No war
An Eye for an eye makes the whole world blindGandhi
Compassion (Karuna) Four types:1. Metta = Love and kindness 2. Karuna = compassion 3. Mudita = sympathetic Joy 4. Upekka = equanimity important to influence towards loved ones to bring happiness and peace to others
The Golden Rule and the Five Precepts An individual to treat others how they would want to be treated The Golden Rule can be compared to the Buddhas five precepts as follows I undertake and the precept and retain from: 1. harming living creatures 2. Taking what has not been given 3. sexual immorality 4. speaking falsely 5. taking antioxidants These rules are what Buddha's lives by everyday (Ethics, P.9). A monk must always be focusing to try to find his inner self to be at peace with the external world.
Moral Law in Christianity and Buddhism: A Comparison Jesus' prohibits the following: 1. Murder 2. Adultery 3. Divorce 4. Considers anger an emotion, an act of murder wow (Hope, P. 103) Buddhism prohibits the folllowing: 1. Taking what has not been given 2. harming living creatures 3. sexual immorality