tiempos verbales

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INSTRUMENTAL ENGLISH

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Page 1: Tiempos verbales

INSTRUMENTAL ENGLISH

Page 2: Tiempos verbales

República Bolivariana de VenezuelaMinisterio del Poder Popular para la Educación Superior

Universidad Pedagógica Experimental LibertadorInstituto Pedagógico Barquisimeto “Dr. Luis Beltrán Prieto Figueroa”

Subdirección de Investigación y Postgrado

Autores:

Lcdo. Fernando LamedaLcdo. Giovanny CrespoLcda. Rosnerys Ferrer

Tutora: Dra. Yenny RodríguezCatedra: Ingles Instrumental

CARORA; JULIO 2016

Page 3: Tiempos verbales

CLASSIFICATION

PRESENTE

PRESENTPRESENTE

SIMPLESIMPLE

PRESENT

PRESENTE CONTINUOPRESENT

CONTINUOUSPRESENTE PERFECTOPRESENT PERFECT

PASADOPAST

PASADO SIMPLESIMPLE PAST

PASADO CONTINUO

PAST CONTINUOUS

FUTUROFUTUREFUTURO SIMPLESIMPLE FUTURE

FUTURO CONTINUO

FUTURE CONTINUOUS

Page 4: Tiempos verbales

SIMPLE PRESENT Es el tiempo verbal del presente que expresa acción habitual, es decir hábitos, rutinas en la vida cotidiana.

DO DOES

Example:

I Study educational management every day.

Do you study educational management every day?

I do not study educational management.

Page 5: Tiempos verbales

SIMPLE PRESENTEstructura del presente simple

Afirmativa: se le debe agregar una s al final del verbo de la tercera persona del singular y al resto de las personas no se le agrega.

He/she/it eats-plays-drinksExample:

She takes to management with important

Ella toma la gerencia con importancia

Page 6: Tiempos verbales

SIMPLE PRESENTEstructura del presente simple

Negativa: la conjugación negativa se hace con el verbo to do más el verbo en cuestión, se le coloca don´t después del sujeto y antes del verbo en todas las conjugaciones excepto con la tercera persona que es does.

Subject + DO not + base form of verbExample:They do not work effectivelyEllos no trabajan con eficacia

Page 7: Tiempos verbales

SIMPLE PRESENTEstructura del presente simple

Interrogativa: se hacen oraciones con la forma:(wh) + do+ subject + base form of verbExample:

Does she knows to be a manager?

Sabe ella ser un gerente?

Page 8: Tiempos verbales

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

Acción que ocurre en el momento presente, planes futuros e inmediatos, acciones monótonas y molestas.

Afirmativa: subject + verb be (am-is-are) in present + verb-ingExample: He is working at the moment

Negativa: subject + verb in present + not + v-ingExample: They aren”t coming this evening

Interrogativa: (wh) verb be in present+ subject+verb ingExample: What are you doing?

Page 9: Tiempos verbales

PRESENT PERFECT Para expresar una acción que comenzó en el pasado y termina, continua o tiene cualquier tipo de relación en el presente.

Auxiliares: Have - Has

Afirmativa: s + have/has + v-participleExample: I have seen manager three times this week

Negativa: s + have/has + not + v-participleExample: He hasn”t studying for long

Interrogativa: (wh?) + have/has + s + been + v-ingExample: How long have you been working on that problem?

Page 10: Tiempos verbales

SIMPLE PAST Expresamos algo que ocurrió en un momento concreto del pasado o acciones consecutivas en el pasado.

Afirmativa : s + v en pasado (regular + ed irregular 2da columna)Example: I started playing piano in 2006.

Negativa: subject + did not + rrot of the verbExample: They didn”t drive to work

Interrogativa: (wh) did+ subject + root of the verbExample: Where did she get that archive?

Page 11: Tiempos verbales

PAST CONTINUOUS

Acciones en progreso en un tiempo pasado, acciones largas e inacabadas.

Afirmativa: subject + v “be” in past (was/were) + verb ingExample: I was watching tv

Negativa: subject + v “be” in past + not + verb ingExample: He wasnt working

Interrogativa: Auxiliares Was - Were( Wh) + v + “be” in past + s + v ing?

Example: What were you doing?

Page 12: Tiempos verbales

SIMPLE FUTURE Expresamos predicciones sobre el futuro, horarios o un programa futuro definitivo, una tomar decisión en el momento que se habla.

Example: I think he”ll be a good manager.

Afirmativa : subject+will+base form of verb+object(s)Example: I will meet you at the airport tomorrow

Negativa: subject + will + not base form of verb + object(s)Example: He will not be able to comeInterrogativa: (question word) + will + s + base form of verb?Example: Will they visit us soom?

Page 13: Tiempos verbales

FUTURE CONTINUOUS Para expresar que estamos muy seguros de que algo ocurrirá tal como se ha planeado.

Auxiliares: WILL BE + verb + ING

Afirmativa: subject + will + be + verb ingExample: I will be cooking dinner when younarrive

Negativa: subject + will + not + be + verb ingExample: They won”t be living in paris time next year

Interrogativa: wh+will + subject+be+verb ing?Example: What will you be doing next week at this time?

Page 14: Tiempos verbales

SUMMARYSIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE FUTURE

AUXILIARIESDO – DOES

(negative-interrogativeDID

(negative-interrogative)WILL

 I study English every day.

 Do you study English every day?

 I donot study English.

I studied English in England Two years ago. 

Did you study English in England? 

I didnot study English.

I will help you study English. 

Will you help me study English? 

I won´t help you study English.PRESENT CONTINUOUS PAST CONTINUOUS FUTURE CONTINUOUS

AUXILIARIESAM-IS-ARE+ verb+ING WAS-WERE+ verb+ING WILL BE+ verb+ING

 I AM STUDYING English now.

 She IS STUDYING English now

 You ARE STUDYING English now.

I WAS STUDYING English when you called yesterday.   You WERE STUDYING English when you called

yesterday.

 I WILL BE STUDYING English when you

arrive tonight.   

She WILL BE STUDYING English when you arrive tonight.

 PRESENT PERFECT PAST PERFECT FUTURE PERFECT

AUXILIARIESHAVE – HAS+ verb P.P HAD+ verb P.P WILL HAVE +verb P.P

I HAVE STUDIED English in several different countries.

 She HAS STUDIED English in several different

countries.

I HAD STUDIED a little English before I moved to the U.S.

  

She  HAD STUDIED a little English before I moved to the U.S.

I WILL HAVE STUDIED every tense by the time I finish this course.

She WILL HAVE STUDIED every tense by the time I finish this course.

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUSAUXILIARIES

HAVE-HAS+BEEN+verb+ING HAD+BEEN+verb+ING  WILL HAVE BEEN+verb+ING

I HAVE BEEN STUDYING English for five years.

 She HAS BEEN STUDYING English for five

years.

I HAD BEEN STUDYING  English for five years before I moved to the U.S.

I WILL HAVE BEEN STUDYING English for over two hours by the time you arrive.

She WILL HAVE BEEN STUDYING English for over two hours by the time you

arrive.

Page 15: Tiempos verbales