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Career Planning Career Planning Workforce Essentials Workforce Essentials 2009 2009 Patricia Woods Patricia Woods

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  • Career PlanningWorkforce Essentials2009Patricia Woods

  • Career Plans: Sections 1-3Career DevelopmentCareer PlanningWhy People Work

  • Planning your CareerDescribe the effect of each stage of life on career developmentExplain the purpose and importance of lifelong career planning.Discuss how human relationships, the paycheck, and the work task are important to worker satisfaction

  • The crowning fortune of a man is to be born to some pursuit which finds him employment and happiness, whether it be to make baskets, or broadswords, or candles, or statues. --Ralph Waldo Emerson

  • Career ChoicesAffect the total pattern of ones lifeit helps to determine:Income level/Economic SecurityPeople you interact with dailyNumber of hours spent on your jobAmount of leisure time you haveFeelings about your daily activities/accomplishmentsPerception of sell-fulfillment and happiness

  • Career FactsIn the 21st Century the need for educated and skilled workers is greater than ever. New jobs will increasingly require a more educated workforce. Even traditional jobs will require workers with a broader, deeper and more flexible portfolio of skills.You will probably work 80,000 to 90,000 hours during your career.

  • What would you like to be whenThis is an age old question. Today, it is no longer a childhood fantasy.The answer to this question is your responsibility.It requires that you asses your interests, values, resources and opportunities.The theory of Career Development is what you need. Lets get started.

  • Theory of Career DevelopmentDonald Super, 1950s presented research concerning self concept or how you see yourself.He related his research to career development and it was accepted by the academic world.It became a major building block for many of todays career planning, books and courses of study.

  • Key elements of Supers TheoryPeople differ in their abilities, interests, and personalities.Individuals are qualified by these characteristics, for a number of occupationsIndividuals must continually choose among different options and adjust to new situations

  • Supers Theory ContinuedRole-playing helps individuals understand how and why compromises must be made between individual and social factors and between self concept and reality.Role-playing may take place in classes/schools, on the job, clubs, entry-level jobs, or part-time jobs.

  • Supers Theory ContinuedWork and life satisfactions depend on the extent to which an individual finds adequate outlets for his/her abilities, interests, personality traits, and values

  • HappinessMatching your abilities, interests, values and personality to your occupation will lead to more happiness in your career and your life.According to Super, there are 5 stages of life, which different elements of career development occur.

  • Stages of Career DevelopmentStage 1: Growth Stage-(Birth to Age 14)

    Skill levels, interests and competencies (self-concept) are developed through identification with key figures in the family and at schoolRole-playing in life situations is important and affect future personal development

  • Stages of Career DevelopmentStage 2: Exploration Stage (Age 15-24)

    Teen years through early twenties, time is spent examining personal values, interests, and abilities.Preparation is made to move from the world of school and role of student to the role of work and role of employee.Young people use this time to make tentative choices about life and adulthood and try them.

  • Questions to ConsiderWhat alternatives do you consider when you think about the adult you would like to become?Which of your present roles do/did you select during this stage?How did/do you go about trying these roles?

  • Stages of Career DevelopmentThis is when a person finds an appropriate field and puts forth effort to make a permanent place in it.

    There may be some experimentation early in this stage.Establishment may occur without experimentationStage 3: Establishment Stage (Ages 25-44)

  • Stages of Career DevelopmentStage 3: Establishment Stage (Ages 25-44)ContinuedSome skills needed to establish yourself include: searching for the right jobapply for a jobinterviewing successfullybeing responsible, and making progress on the job

  • Stages of Career DevelopmentStage 4: Maintenance Stage (Ages 45-64)A person in this stage is concerned about keeping his or her job.Not a lot of change in this stageStage 5: Decline Stage ( Age 65 to End of Life)Physical and mental powers decline, work activity changes, and eventually ceases

  • Stages of Career DevelopmentWith increased longevity of workers, Supers Five Stages may change in the last three stages.Careers are changing so rapidly that experts can only predict the near future.The maintenance stage may change due to lifelong education and training and the changing workplace.

  • Critical ThinkingAnswer the following Questions:Which of your long-term interests do you want to be a part of your career path? Would you be happy in a career that did not allow you to express this interest?The question Who am I? or Who will I be? must be answered in terms of numerous adult roles. Who would you answer the following?Will I have a wife/husband role? If so, what kind of spouse will I be?Will I be a parent? If so, what kind of parent will I be?How has my gender affected my present adult roles? How is my gender likely to affect roles I am pursuing?

  • STOPTake a minute to answer questions from the previous slide.Type all answers. Save as FirstnameLastnameCT2_1

  • Career PlanningWould you ever attempt to travel via private vehicle to a destination that your dont have directions for without preparing?Would a map or TomTom be helpful?A Career Plan is like a map to direct your path.

  • Career ObjectivesObjectives should include both lifestyle and occupation expectations.Imagine what you want your lifestyle and occupation to be in 5, 10, and 20 years from now.

  • LifestyleWhat type of automobile will you drive?What brands of clothing will you wear?What type of home will you own or rent? Where?What family and community roles and responsibilities will you have?How will you spend your leisure hours?

  • OccupationPicture your work setting and imagine your work routine in 5, 10, 20 years.What level of education/training will you have achieved?What will your daily tasks and job title be?What types of clients and coworkers will you interact with on a daily basis?How much money will you earn and what paid benefits will you receive?What amount of prestige or importance will your family members and the community attach to your occupation

  • Developing a Career PlanCareer Planning is a lifelong series of adjustmentsCareer plans require your sincere effort throughout your working yearsCareer plans cannot be written within a day, however, the time you spend on it will be worthwhile because it will be a map to your success.

  • 7 Steps of Career PlanningStep 1: Take inventory of your personal and career interests, natural abilities, job skills, academic achievements, and values.Step 2: Make a practical list of obtainable short- and long term goalsStep 3: Learn how to locate and use occupation information

  • 7 Steps to Career PlanningStep 4: Select occupations that are expected to offer future growth and stabilityStep 5: Develop a plan to acquire the education and training you will need to enter the occupations you have selected.Step 6: Assess the financial and personal cost of fulfilling your career planStep 7: Learn job seeking and job keeping skills.

  • Bottom LineDeveloping and adapting your career plan is necessary throughout your working years. Will you stay in one career area, change jobs several times, totally change your career path, etc., the decisions you make should be based on a logical analysis of available opportunities and personal preferences.

  • Bottom LineIt is your responsibility to develop the plan and carry it out throughout your working years.Finally, get opinions from others in your chosen career area prior to making any final decisions.

    Each job you have along your career path will have different characteristics that will influence your job satisfaction and you life.Determining the importance you place on the job characteristics of human relationships, your paycheck, and your work tasks will help you choose a job and a career that will provide you with fulfillment and happiness.There will be some barriers and you follow your plan between college and work and eventually retirement. However, effective career plans are necessary. With this in mind, each of you are expected to carefully think about what you desire for your personal career plans.

    Children enter preschool or elementary school and their social participation increases. Social groups provide a real-life lab in which they can experiment with their ideas and behaviors.With each passing year, their interests and capacity for social, emotional, and educational growth expand.Can you remember your childhood fantasies? How did they affect your personal development? Can you think of a highly valued interest that you developed during the growth stage?Children enter preschool or elementary school and their social participation increases. Social groups provide a real-life lab in which they can experiment with their ideas and behaviors.With each passing year, their interests and capacity for social, emotional, and educational growth expand.Can you remember your childhood fantasies? How did they affect your personal development? Can you think of a highly valued interest that you developed during the growth stage?You will need to develop a plan of action and maintain a constant awareness of specific changes as they take place in the world of work. Developing a realistic career plan that will guide you to satisfaction in your chosen word is a time-consuming process. But, it may be the most important work task will ever have.Counselors are helpful in step 1. Step 2 Short term goals are those you want to attain in the next three months to a yearLong term goals are those you want to achieve in the next 1-five years.Establish a time line with specific dates for reaching your goals and determine a method for periodically evaluating your progress.Step 3Occupational Outlook handbook, Dictionary of Occupational Titles.

    Step 4Choose as many occupations as possible within your broad area of career interests and then narrow your choices to a few.Analyze your selections to make certain they provide opportunities for advancement.Step 5 Your plan should also identify the education and training you will need to acquire to maintain your professional status and to advance to higher levels.Step 6: Include both costs and benefits. Weigh the costs against the financial and personal rewardsStep 7 personal and professional skills is not enough. You also need to be able to find and assess potential jobs. Acquiring a good job is the first step, you must keep the job by developing and maintaining necessary skills.